Aino gradient - a collaborative speaker project

Why on tweeter responses no dipole peaks and minimums visible?
As my estimation lower tweeter first dipole peak is probably at about 3-4 kHz, first minimum at 6-8 kHz, on higher tweeter little higher, but for both no trace of peaks and minimums in polar plot. At dipole peak this kind of OB speakers (basically small U-frame OB) as are your tweeters, must have nearly omnidirectional polar response.
If I look Bushmeisters OB polar measurements, there are visible dipole peaks at post The 'Circles of Doom'.....Open baffleless full range speakers.
on 2.8 kHz and 8 kHz but Juhazi had avoided them on his bigger baffles.
Where is the magic?
 
If I look Bushmeisters OB polar measurements, there are visible dipole peaks at post The 'Circles of Doom'.....Open baffleless full range speakers.
on 2.8 kHz and 8 kHz but Juhazi had avoided them on his bigger baffles.
Where is the magic?

Every driver in any frame has dipole peak an null, and at null directivity is much wider than in dipole range. Above dipole null, directivity follows the same rules that a monopole driver has, determined by radiator width and frame width (narrowing towars higher freq.) "Ideal dipole patern" happens up to dipole null, so each driver must be lowpassed an octave below that (haf the frequency), so that directivity problems will be attenuated and compensated by the highpassed driver.

A planar driver has very symmetric directivity in both directions, but cone/coil driver's backside patern is pretty much disturbed by the spider and motor structure, specially abouve 2kHz.

When a planar driver is attached to a frame of some kind, it is important to make the frame as much acoustically transparent as possible. This means minimal thickness and smooth contour. Hanging with wires is best solution in this regard.

AINOgradient speaker has 8mm thick plywood frame for the upper mid and tweeter, which are planar units. Inner edges of the cutout are rounded with a file and drivers are attached on the backside. This means that actually backside response is smoother that frontal!

Attached a sim in Edge and several different non-normalized responses. After those polar measurements I have added felt pads to make tweeter's width narrower, which made response eve smoother, but I can't hear the difference.
 

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So, I've happily used B&O ICEpower 123 and 50 modules for some 8 years now. They have had power on for 24/7 and they run cool and nice. I get no noise, but all the sound quality and spl everyone wants and much more than I need. Still available and recommended! Just pay attention to signal levels.

Archimago just published test of 50ASX2, and Amir has tested 125ASX2

Archimago's Musings: MEASUREMENTS: S.M.S.L. A6 as amplifier [ICEpower 50ASX2(SE) Class D module]. (And DAC output - AKM AK4452 AMPT.)

ICEPower 125ASX2 Class D Amplifier Review | Audio Science Review (ASR) Forum



Minidsp 4x10HD was tested by Tom Christiansen

Review: MiniDSP 4x10HD – Neurochrome
 
I had holidays for 2½ weeks and because of covid and low outdoor temp spent lots of time listening to AINOgradients and Avalanches. They are in different rooms, so maturally they sound very different. One common feature is sealed box bass with dsp, so lowest bass has similar prescise adn solid nature. I made som "tuning" for both and tested a divider for the dipole Neo3 tweeter of AINOs.

Planar tweeter has always very narrow radiation above 10kHz, and Neo3 has on-axis dip around 8kHz. I tested what a divider might do, so I took scissors and an old mobile phone's wallet and butchered it to make a cross on the frontside. Sad to say change in response was minimal by measurements and I couldn't hear any difference. Measurements were taken at 40cm axially, indoors. One on-axis response is widely different, it obviously had a different mic location.

Then I connected minidsp to laptop and made some changes in subwoofer's lowpass/eq, because some male speech voices were too heavy. Bass response is always very difficult to eq because measurement techniques leave many questions, and heavy room effects. I make final choices by listening, when measurements start looking good. My listening spot and speaker locations have been the same for all the time (almost 9 years now), and 55Hz room mode is dominant. I have tried taming it, but then my ears don't like the sound at all. I don't use any other high Q peak corrections either for room response, for obvious reasons (multipoint measurements!) Despite of cardioid pattern, 200Hz range looks nasty too.
 

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Juhazi,

What are your thoughts about the band where the radiation is cardioid in your system. Specifically, what do you think (now that you have lived with it, etc.) is the best target band for cardioid radiation?

I am thinking about building a dipole on top of a small upward facing closed box subwoofer and I would like to plan the overlap region, and thus the requirements for the dipole driver. I would like to keep the footprint small, but this would require the dipole driver to also be small (e.g. 10" or less) and 100Hz dipole SPL capability might be too limited and the lower edge of the cardioid pattern might have to be higher. I am not sure that would be useful/helpful.

Sorry Charllie, I have missed your question.
It is difficult to answer your question, because AINOs have been at same location all the time and since then I haven't had other "normal" speakers at same location either. Main advantage of cardioid is reduced front-wall first reclection, which depends on distance. Anyway, seems like I have problems around 200Hz despite the cardioid pattern is just there. Speaker distance to wall is roughly 50cm and they are turned 30deg in.

Attached measurements of the test I made after reading your post. Mic location was fixed, at roughly 1,5m.
 

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https://www.alvaraalto.fi/en/news/t...lebration-of-finnish-architecture-and-design/
Finnish Architecture and Design Days aim to open our eyes to the architecture and design that surrounds us in our daily lives. Building knowledge of our built environment reinforces ownership and inclusion.

Since 2012, Finnish architecture has been celebrated on February 3rd, the birthday of architect and designer Alvar Aalto (1898–1976). Last February, the event was piloted as a shared celebration of architecture and design, when eleven organisations of the fields put forward a motion to establish the day as a national flag-flying day. The motion is being processed at the Finnish Ministry of the Interior.

https://www.alvaraalto.fi/en/information/aino-aalto/
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My home town Jyväskylä was Alvar Aalto's school town and he had his first office here We still have almost 30 houses designed by him, including his summer house. The Aalto museum is dedicated to his and his both wifes' work https://visit.alvaraalto.fi/en/destinations/alvar-aalto-museum/
 
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warrjon

Member
2011-02-04 10:10 am
Vic
Hi @Juhazi, I have read a fair bit of this thread, I stumbled upon it googling NEO8 as I have bought NEO8 and NEO3 both PDR to build an open baffle. My current speakers are LXmini+2 with dipole subwoofer, not a great speaker with original EQ but now very good with modifications to XO qnd EQ.

Your measurements show great promise for the NEO drivers, I have 2 JBL 2251JPL mid/woofers that I plan to pair with the NEO's. Subwoofer will remain the Seas L26ROY

Thanks for documenting your journey.
 
Hi @Juhazi, I have read a fair bit of this thread, I stumbled upon it googling NEO8 as I have bought NEO8 and NEO3 both PDR to build an open baffle. My current speakers are LXmini+2 with dipole subwoofer, not a great speaker with original EQ but now very good with modifications to XO qnd EQ.

Your measurements show great promise for the NEO drivers, I have 2 JBL 2251JPL mid/woofers that I plan to pair with the NEO's. Subwoofer will remain the Seas L26ROY

Thanks for documenting your journey.
Your plan sounds very good!
 
I've read through these VCLLabs 3- and 4-way dipole project pages earlier, but perhaps didn't link them here. Here you can get nice and systematic presentation how design and setup process with dsp goes. Almost precisely as I did by try-fail-correct method... This project doesn't include driver selection and optimization however... but it is just a proto to show the system approach.

https://vcllabs.com/project04/#chapter5

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https://vcllabs.com/vcl-ex21/

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http://vcllabs.com/vcl-ex22/

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