Zoebel on a tweeter?

ShaneF

Member
2015-12-02 4:42 pm
I have seen a lot of for / against opinions on the use of a zoebel network on high frequency drivers. In my case, I have a Dynaudio D280 paired with a 17w75 bass driver.

I have checked the numbers on the 17w75 vs 17w75XL and electrically, they are almost identical. This rings true with the difference between the D28-AF and D 280 tweeters (the only "main" difference is between the resonant frequencies of the two drivers).

Anyway, back to the zoebel on the tweeter question: what, sonically, can we expect to gain from this?
 

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ShaneF

Member
2015-12-02 4:42 pm
Sonically, as far as the bass driver is concerned, the most noticeable difference is in the top end. If there's one thing I can't stand, it's hot midrange. And yes, absolutely, I can hear that.

... but in the case of the Zobel on the tweeter, what register would you say it affects?
 

GDO

Member
2009-07-23 2:16 pm
I disagree, it's to flatten the impedance curve and both for tweeter and woofer with a view to match 1st order butterworth xovers.

On the tweeter side it' s necessary to help the phase correction network between the cap and the zobel to work correctly.

6db oct slope is very low and the huge overlap between ways requires strict phase tracking to sum ok.

Btw, all Dynaudio filters use this topology. Of course the design can be cheated, aiming to similar targets, quasi-LR1, or LR2, involving reversing tweeter polarity, crossing -6dbs instead of -3dbs, etc...:eek: But these are good and well behaved drivers, and it might still sound ok.

Dynaudio archive

The sonical differences will derive from the differences in response, and sure they will be.
 
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GDO

Member
2009-07-23 2:16 pm
What is that?

For example, by S.L. himself, from his LX521, as the xover between the 2 mids:

with SEAS CA22RNX and FU10RB drivers. They were combined with 1st order quasi-Butterworth filters, which are 6 dB down at the crossover frequency.

mid-dipole-5-21a.jpg


Can be done with any odd order, sum aprox flat only, but not a real issue.

For example a 2500HZ LP 1st order + a 3500HZ HP 1st order give a 3000 Quasi-LR1.
 
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GDO-
I'd really like to see the summation phase for the 'quasi-LR1', as if it's in-phase and not 90 degrees out, then it is still not an LR, but a 'spread-BW1' to get a -6dB on each driver at Fc summation. Also of note that the example you give is really an Fc of 3kHz, and does not have 2 separate xover points.

Now- to the D280 as before (stated to be basically the same as D28AF):
http://www.gattiweb.com/images/dynaudio/d28af_data.pdf

I know Dynaudio uses 1st order summations. There is not a peak in the top-octave as I recalled, BUT- it will still induce a tilt to the top-octave. I use these CR shunts on tweeters often in tweaking the response, and it will reduce the level above the Fc of the cap, as well as change the impedance.

Also of note, the 6.8uF on the tweeter starts its rolloff much lower at a shallow slope, coupled with the inherent 12dB rolloff of the tweeter yields a third order acoustic in most situations. It is also large enough to come into play below the inductive rise. In this case the all-pass ladder delay is actually employed for time-arrival to match up the drivers at Fc. Being that Ladder-delays are not full bandwidth consistent, and tend to target an area of response around Fc, I still feel that the zobel isn't really going to help in terms of time and/or phase alignment in conjunction with the ladder-delay.
Being that it isn't helping the top-octave smooth out either, it's likely a superfluous circuit.

Of course- this is all speculation, as I've not modeled it.

Later,
Wolf
 

GDO

Member
2009-07-23 2:16 pm
Also of note, the 6.8uF on the tweeter starts its rolloff much lower at a shallow slope, coupled with the inherent 12dB rolloff of the tweeter yields a third order acoustic in most situations.

I do not think that the final acoustic slopes really matter, only the range where there is significant overlapping, and crossing at -3dbs instead of -6dbs is the real stuff and the real challenge about these xovers picky like hell...
 

GDO

Member
2009-07-23 2:16 pm
Did you mean to say wideband phase tracking?

As a point of interest the basic first order crossover offers a consistent directivity index that typical -6dB crossover types don't, but only if the drivers are in phase quadrature.

In my poor english phase tracking is phase tracking, whatever the phase relation, 0º, 90º, 180º, etc...

Power response of butt's is interesting indeed, though quadrature phase tracking a real pain in ***...:D

LR phase tracking is piece of cake for lazy guys like me: chase the null...:p

About the interest of the -3dbs quadrature stuff...:cool:

Power
 

Jay

Banned
2003-02-11 9:02 am
Jakarta
If there's one thing I can't stand, it's hot midrange. And yes, absolutely, I can hear that.

... but in the case of the Zobel on the tweeter, what register would you say it affects?

It is not in the midrange of course. Dynaudio tweeters can produce HF up to 30k or 40kHz. The zobel behaves as if it rolls-off the HF.

If the recording or the input has problem with HF, you will hear it. Many recordings have problematic HF (depends on your source), and without the zobel your speaker will be more discriminating.

The zobel will make the HF sound cleaner, more snap and "soundstage" too...

What I don't like is the effect as if the excitement or enjoyment or musicality is lost/lessen (no, I don't think the HF or details or distortion is responsible with excitement). I guess this is because the zobel affect the phase negatively.
 
For example, by S.L. himself, from his LX521, as the xover between the 2 mids:



mid-dipole-5-21a.jpg


Can be done with any odd order, sum aprox flat only, but not a real issue.

For example a 2500HZ LP 1st order + a 3500HZ HP 1st order give a 3000 Quasi-LR1.

'Quasi 1st order Butterworth' makes perfect sense but 'quasi 1st order LR' not so much given that LR filters only exist in even orders as they are essentially cascaded Butterworths.
 

GDO

Member
2009-07-23 2:16 pm
'Quasi 1st order Butterworth' makes perfect sense but 'quasi 1st order LR' not so much given that LR filters only exist in even orders as they are essentially cascaded Butterworths.

You basically need to disagree with somebody you think you can, huuu...?:D

Quasi butterworth for crossing at -6dbs instead of -3ds, and quasi LR for being odd order LRs crossing in phase instead of quadrature, do you catch it now?;)

Btw, if you prefer more serious references, odd order LRs have been suggested somewhere in diyaudio by Speakerdave a few years ago on a discussion on LR2, so i suppose that you might now give it another think ...:cool:
 
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