• WARNING: Tube/Valve amplifiers use potentially LETHAL HIGH VOLTAGES.
    Building, troubleshooting and testing of these amplifiers should only be
    performed by someone who is thoroughly familiar with
    the safety precautions around high voltages.

Tube rectifier supply help

sumotan

Member
2013-10-16 4:18 pm
Hi guys,

Need some help. I'm gonna custom wind a transformer for a pair of 01A's.
The circuit requires 235v DC. Am gonna use 5AR4 rectifier for this, yes am
aware that it's an overkill but I already have them on hand. The idea is a single
supple to feed the pair of 01As via 30H 40ma choke per tube with a DCR of 615 ohms. Question, what is the AC HV voltage that is to be wound on the transformer ? Downloaded PSUD2 but am unable to get the results. Perhaps it's my ignorance

Many thanks in advance
 

sumotan

Member
2013-10-16 4:18 pm
Thks for the advice question here still arises, after being load with the 2 chokes
will the voltage drop below 230. Oh I forgot with tube rectifiers is it a 1 to 1 ratio
from AC to DC ? Been out of diy for a long time. Picking up the pieces again

Thank you again
 

02GF74

Member
2010-07-13 1:38 pm
Choke, also called inductor is in simplest form a wire coil whose purpose is to make it difficult for ac signals. I cant imagine there will be voltage drop across it to worry about.

How exact is the requirement for 235v. Are you able to tweak component values to use lower dc supply, say 200v?
 
How much total current do you need?
Do you intend to use a capacitor-input rectifier (a), or a choke-input rectifier (b)?
art144a.jpg
 
Perhaps a pseudo choke I/P filter will help, in this situation. Hybrid bridge rectify the O/P of an isolation transformer with 2X Cree C3D02060F Schottky diodes in the ground legs and a 5AR4/GZ34 in the "hot" legs.

Set the filter up as cLC. The I/P ("fudge factor") cap. needs to be held below 1 muF., in order to maintain critical current behavior. The "fudge factor" cap. tweaks the rail voltage upwards and, quite important, protects the SS diodes from inductive kick back spikes.

Don't forget a 30 Kohm bleeder resistor across each of the reservoir capacitors.
 

sumotan

Member
2013-10-16 4:18 pm
Yes Merlind I do intend to use circuit A. In reality each tube only consumes around
4 ma. From pass experience of course under higher cuurent loads, the choke does
lower voltage quite a fair bit. For this application though tube current is minimal,
the DCR of the choke that Im using will definately lower the voltage. Hence the need
for help to calculate actual voltage drop under load.

Circuit is optimize for 235 volts 02GF74.

thanks guys for the advice
 
Thanks Merlinb. Sorry for AC to DC using tube rectifier, is the conversion 1 : 1 ?
Also 02GF74 suggestion of making it an isolation trans does sound nice not 1 to 1 but
maybe slightly higher, would appreciate your thoughts

Thanks again


The conversion from AC to DC value depends on the filter type used and the losses associated with the rectifier(s), regardless of their technology.

For cap. I/P filters, the DC voltage = (VRMS) (21/2) less losses

Forward drop in 5AR4s is comparatively small, especially when the draw is well below the 250 mA. allowable maximum.
 

sumotan

Member
2013-10-16 4:18 pm
Hi Kevin,

Kindly look at Bartola Valve webpage. It's actually a hybrid mu stage whereby
the top tube is actually a solid state device.

Looking further into rectifier tubes I now have to come back to my senses.
Guess the use of either a 6X4 or AZ1 would be more ideal in this application

Many thanks again guys
 

TonyTecson

diyAudio Moderator Emeritus
2003-05-29 2:57 am
Maybunga, Pasig City
Hi guys,

Need some help. I'm gonna custom wind a transformer for a pair of 01A's.
The circuit requires 235v DC. Am gonna use 5AR4 rectifier for this, yes am
aware that it's an overkill but I already have them on hand. The idea is a single
supple to feed the pair of 01As via 30H 40ma choke per tube with a DCR of 615 ohms. Question, what is the AC HV voltage that is to be wound on the transformer ? Downloaded PSUD2 but am unable to get the results. Perhaps it's my ignorance

Many thanks in advance

i take it that you are winding your own power traffo...
so the first thing i calculate is the volt-ampere required by
computing for secondary power, filaments and tubes..
then the result is divided by 0.6 to get the primary VA...
from the results of calculations, you can start to wind your own...