Inrush protection failures.

Status
This old topic is closed. If you want to reopen this topic, contact a moderator using the "Report Post" button.
During last 6-8 years that I've been using A75 and Zen amps, I had quite a few rectifier bridges failures. It always happened at start up, when one bridge just blew, tripping fuses. I have four A75 and 2 Zens and it happened on all those amps. The fact is, I was using CL-40 as inrush protection (as it was recommended in original article) but my capacitor banks were not really big (80,000u on average). I was also using surplus bridges, however, they were rated 35A.

So now when I'm using that elaborate discreet bridge on my upcoming Aleph X I would like to avoid any future failures and make sure my inrush protection works fine. The total capacitance per channel would be 130,000u. Is CL-60 enough protection? I was experimenting yesterday with resistors, but it looks like with class A amps fixed resistors don't work well, because of a voltage drop. For instance on my A75, 70ohm resistor generated 70V drop and the amp was only receiving 40V AC. So it looks like thermistors are the way to go. I was considering putting two CL-60 in series just to be safer.. Is it worthwile?

This are the bridges I was using so far.
 

Attachments

  • in.jpg
    in.jpg
    21.8 KB · Views: 886
When I tryed to solve the problem with my death NTC I read in one of the thermistor manufactor`s manual (aplication notes), that there is no benefit of useing two paralell conected thermistors on inrush curent protection circuit, since one device will tend to take all the curent flow through the AC or DC rail. Anyway there was a posibility of useing one on AC primary rail and one betwen the bridge and filter caps. Maybe Nelsson can explain what is the purpouse of using two paralel NTC`s in A4. There is only one in A2 for example.

marijan
 

Nelson Pass

The one and only
Paid Member
2001-03-29 12:38 am
On the Aleph 1.2 and products that draw more than
about 2 amps, we put Thermistors on each of the
two primary windings, so they aren't literally paralleled.

I use a lot of the 35 amp bridges, and I never see failures,
even with 200,000 uF. Perhaps there is simply something
defective with your surplus bridges.

:confused:
 
Hi Peter

You can use fixed value resistors for soft turn-on with a class A amp. Just try a lower value. I pick a value that gives me about 80 to 95 volts AC after 10 to 20 seconds on time. If you have a current meter and a variac Ohms law will give you the answer, other wise just try a few different values.

Later
Bruce:geezer:
 
Peter Daniel said:

Eric, I had it mounted on amps heatsinks.

Peter, I think you took me too literally: I was interested in knowing where in the circuit did you place the fuses, not where physically.

Some people put the fuse on the primary, others on the secondary, others between the bridge and the caps. Each has an advantage or disadvantage. Just wondering where in the circuit you placed yours...
 
HDTVman said:


You can use fixed value resistors for soft turn-on with a class A amp. Just try a lower value. I pick a value that gives me about 80 to 95 volts AC after 10 to 20 seconds on time.


I just tried 30 ohm and it gives 30V drop. But things stabilize pretty quick, around 2-3 seconds. About the same as thermistor without trouble of extra relay and required circuit. How did you get 10-20 sec? Must be a different currend draw.
 
Peter,

I would run with the CL 60 but observe your total main current draw.

With my Aleph 2 with 1000va tranni and 120,000 uf supply, the 2 amp slow blow fuse blew repeatedly but not the 35Amp bridge.

Those surplus one you have may not have a high surge rating.

In the end I used the CL60 in conjunction with the simple mains (see earlier thead) derived relay timer to bypass the CL60 after 7 seconds.

This way you are not stressing the CL60 long term and you can re start the amp knowing the CL60 with be cold if needed.

regards

Ian
 
Status
This old topic is closed. If you want to reopen this topic, contact a moderator using the "Report Post" button.