Help with a power supply

I'm not a design engineer. I need help with a power supply. As you can see from the schematic, the output should be +47 volts. Mine puts out +53 volts under load. All the caps are rated for +50 volts and the pre amp is also getting too high a voltage. I need to bring it down 6 volts. Will changing the value of R16
lower the output voltage?
thanks for your input


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How old are your electrolytic caps? If they are undervalued the voltage will creep up towards 70, but will collapse when a big load is put on it. All those diodes and C14-15 make a voltage doubler, and transformer ratings are the full load value, not the peak which is 1.4 times higher.
You could change out R16 pretty cheaply, or parallel resistors on top of it. But how much heat sink does Q4 have? If it has enough I would be tempted to buy a 30 v zener and a 15 v zener (I keep those values in my semiconductor stock box) and stack them up line to not line between Q4 base and plus of C15. Line to + of C15. I'd put a resistor in series with the zeners, say 4.7k or something. Then R16 would be irrelevant. Probably the voltage would have have less temperature sensitivity, also.
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It could be that your mains voltage is slightly high, so your secondary voltages are slightly higher too. This is not a regulated supply. The transistor is only functioning as a capacitance multiplier. It's also a bit odd that a capacitance doubler is used in the first stage to step up the voltage.

What is the power supply being used for exactly?


2011-11-17 3:49 pm
Deja Vous, Jaycee, your post is word for word perfect for what I was going to post.

If we know what you are trying to achieve then maybe we can come up with some suggestions.

The PSU as it stands is a simple Voltage Doubler, Capacitive Multiplier with no regulation. In a low current situation this can be improved upon, how much current are you asking to draw?
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The voltage is probably not critical, since there is used components that in their self would give a possible deviation of up to 20-25%.
I agree with jaycee that the topology is a bit strange, but no fear.
The amp will function godd anyway.
OR have You fallen for the temptation of replacing the original Caps nearest the transformer? Lo ERS High Ripple current types is not suitable replacements at that position.
I can tell you one thing for certain. You want a regulated supply for a solid state phono preamp. I worked with one a few years ago that was putting out some weird LF noise similar to a record warp. Turned out to be the unregulated single ended supply that was wandering around as the line Voltage changed.