**Denon amp oscillating, need help**

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**Im working on a Denon PMA 1060.
Want to have some tips from people who are good
at amplifyer repair and troubleshooting.

Have a nasty oscillation, read on.

Schematics here: www.itxpress.se/1060.pdf

The previous owner said that it had been struck by lightning, (maybe not a direct strike i hope ;)

And after this it did not work. I replaced the fuse on the AC line wich had blown.

When i turned on the reciver the amp jumped off the table and smoke came out of it ;) stupid of me to think that it was only
the fuse!

Outputs shorted and drivers in half.

I have replaced all the components i found broken.
But still the drivers go up in smoke after about 1 seconds.

I have a oscillation, i think its a oscillation.
A sine wave.. www.itxpress.se/2443.JPG <---- this is thesignal i get. Settings on scope: 1V/Div 20uS/Div

I have this signal on the 1and 3 legof the drivers.
And on the first and third leg of the outputs.

And it changes in amplitude if i try to set the bias.

What can cause this...must have help in wich direction
i should search because ive checked all the transistors
and semiconductors in the "power-amp" part of the
amplifyer and i cant find any defect componets here.

I have music signal on the input fets pre drivers drivers
and outputs.

Please take a look at the schematics and tell me what
you think. In desperate help after a week of troubleshooting
and still no solution.
Hi jaycee!
I have replaced both elektrolyts over the bias compensation

Wich is the other compensating capacitors?
Are you talking about the smaller electrolyts in general?

I will check the TR505 507 509 511 when i come home from work!

I still think its strange that ill have this signal on the 3 leg of each
output transistor, it should not be any signal att all here when
i dont even have te outputs in place! or am i wrong?

Anyway, im going to check te transistor you told me about.
Compensation caps would be C505, C509, C527, C529, C531 and C533. You may also want to check the Zobel network - C541 and R573. These are the left channel's parts numbers - check the equivalent parts on the right channel too. if the outputs went up in smoke, definitely check the zobel network parts as they are probably zapped.

You'd be best limiting the current some how rather than just powering on - since as Denon have foolishly omitted fuses on the secondary side of the supply! Wire up a common light bulb (not an energy saving one) into the Live wire of the supply so it is in series (ie, wall socket live -> light bulb -> amplifier live)
there is a 4A fuse on the primary side of the power trans.
i use a 100w bulb in series with AC line ;)

Dont help the drivers will fry in 10 seconds anyway.
Can i troubleshoot this with the drivers and outputs
out of the circuit?

Just to se if the oscillation dissapears before i put
new drivers in there. Or can the "missing" drivers
in fact make the oscillation appear?

I will check those parts you told me about on both

Stupid question maybe but what is a "Zobel network"
Can you explain that breif for me =)

Zobel parts are C541 and R573 in the left channel, and the equivalents in the right channel.

You could probably check capacitors with a 'scope some how but im not sure how. It might be worth just getting a cheapo meter thats got a capacitance check on it.
okay, ill have the oscillation on the following caps.
c510, c528, c536, c534, c542

i also noticed that if i place a 47uF elyt over the
c534 the oscillation disapears..maybe it just smooths
out the oscillation, dont know.

this was a very very hard nut to crack :)

its so hard to track where it comes from, there is
so many point that have this oscillation
Hi silversweden,
I use an Equivalent Series Resistance (ESR) meter to test electrolytic caps.
It is very useful to identify bad caps especially in old equipment or equipment that has suffered "stress" i.e. high temperature or over voltage (like lightning)!

All electrolytic caps deteriorate over time & their life is shortened by high temperature as in power supplies. Most caps are rated at 85 degrees C as you may see on the side of the cap.

The advantage of the ESR meter is that it can usually be used with the capacitors in place to enable a quick diagnosis.

I bought my meter from EVB in Portugal, check the following link:


I have no connection with them, just a satisfied customer!

Best regards,
To be honest those small compensation caps are likely to be cheap enough to just replace. I'd do this as it's quite possible they were fried during the strike. It would depend on what type they are but i'd warrant they are ceramics, probably monores types.
Capacitor Testing, Safe Discharging and Other Related Information

However, a VOM or DMM without capacitance ranges can make certain types of tests.

For small caps (like 0.01 uf or less), about all you can really test is for shorts or leakage. (However, on an analog multimeter on the high ohms scale you may see a momentary deflection when you touch the probes to the capacitor or reverse them. A DMM may not provide any indication at all.) Any capacitor that measures a few ohms or less is bad. Most should test infinite even on the highest resistance range.

For electrolytics in the uF range or above, you should be able to see the cap charge when you use a high ohms scale with the proper polarity - the resistance will increase until it goes to (nearly) infinity. If the capacitor is shorted, then it will never charge. If it is open, the resistance will be infinite immediately and won't change. If the polarity of the probes is reversed, it will not charge properly either - determine the polarity of your meter and mark it - they are not all the same. Red is usually **negative** with (analog) VOMs but **positive** with most DMMs, for example. Confirm with a marked diode - a low reading across a good diode (VOM on ohms or DMM on diode test) indicates that the positive lead is on the anode (triangle) and negative lead is on the cathode (bar).

If the resistance never goes very high, the capacitor is leaky.

The best way to really test a capacitor is to substitute a known good one. A VOM or DMM will not test the cap under normal operating conditions or at its full rated voltage. However, it is a quick way of finding major faults.

A simple way of determining the capacitance fairly accurately is to build an oscillator using a 555 timer. Substitute the cap in the circuit and then calculate the C value from the frequency. With a few resistor values, this will work over quite a wide range.

Alternatively, using a DC power supply and series resistor, capacitance can be calculated by measuring the rise time to 63% of the power supply voltage from T=RC or C=T/R.

repl C506 and C507. the feedback integrating cap connects to the diff amp inverting input through these lytics (other amps have them connected directly. the integrating caps C509, C510 are used for slowing the amp down. any ESR in the electrolytics will decrease the effectiveness of the integrating caps.
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