check this out !!!

djk

R.I.P
2001-02-04 4:23 am
USA
A design exercise, so what.The Carver M1.5T ran on higher rail voltages and was bridgeble too.Just take the Carver design and add however many outputs you need to drive whatever impedance you need.Other than a shaker table I have no idea what you could drive with this thing.
 

djk

R.I.P
2001-02-04 4:23 am
USA
"even if 20KW is a little optimistic" It is a brdge amp that runs on regulated +/- 115V DC. If the CE voltage drop at full power was 15V (an excessive value for the 100 output transistors) it would be putting out 141.4V RMS, which would be 20KW at a 1 ohm load. I use such an amplifier daily to shake things at 10+Gs. My amp is also watercooled and is built into a six foot tall 19" rack."Is he going to rewire his house with superconductors? " Mine runs on 480V three phase. "But with these gain stages sound quality won't be very good. " With cascoded cross coupled dual differential inputs loaded with current sources driving a cascoded complementary second voltage amp this would be a very high fidelity amp. The Leach 'Double Barreled' amp, GAS Ampzilla II, and the Crest 8001 have virtually the same front end. The Crest uses a tiered power supply too, although with a different means of swiching between rails. The rail switching scheme presented here is similar to what QSC and AB International use. Since this is a bridge amp the designer could simplify his rail switching design considerably by using the same method used by Crown in their VZ 5000 and VZ 3600 amps. It is just a bit large for the average hi-fi.
 
Djk,

I don't agree with you.
I have designed more than 80 different amplifiers and KNOW that differential gain stages is the worst thing you can have when the signal is single-ended.
Only odd-order distortion and with NFB even worse.
And things get worse the more differential stages you add.

I have built both Leach amps and can only say that I have past thier sound quality by quite a margin.
Had GAS The Nine which was considered better than Ampzilla and must say that it sounded bad.

Janne
 

djk

R.I.P
2001-02-04 4:23 am
USA
"Hedlund Djk,

I don't agree with you.
I have designed more than 80 different amplifiers and KNOW that differential gain stages is the worst thing you can have when the signal is single-ended.
Only odd-order distortion and with NFB even worse.
And things get worse the more differential stages you add. " That is all fine and good.But what do you listen to? All recordings are made with the signal going through many differential stages.Any mic pre-amp with a balanced input would fail your criteria, including a single ended class A triode running open loop because the mic input transformer is differential.Any push-pull output stage even if it was a pair of triodes running class A with no feedback would also not meet your criteria because of the differential action of the output transformer.And what about the interstage transformer? A very common technique is to reverse the phase between single ended stages, this is a differential distortion reducion technique too. Do you make wax cylinder recordings exclusively or have you progressed to cutting your own laquers? Do they let you take your record lathe to the concert hall? I'll grant you the 20KW amp that was the subject of this discussion had way too much open loop gain, but I know how to fix that. I've heard amps with and without feedback that sounded good. I've heard both single ended and push-pull amps that sounded good too. I've heard single ended amps that didn't sound good. I've heard amps with no feedback that didn't sound good. I can't in good faith agree with the generalization that you have made. In parting I must say that I find great potential in the push-pull tiered power supply design embodied in the Nelson Pass patent http://www.passlabs.com/images/misc/pat_5343.jpg with the amp running class A on the lower voltage tier and transitioning to a cascoded high bias class AB off the high voltage tier. This patent can be easily rerofitted into any amp with series connected outputs, ie: SAE 2400, Dynaco 400/410/416, Ampzilla, Heathkit AA 1800, Leach 'Double Barreled', etc. If you look at the LC Millenium, a very highly acclaimed no feedback class B amplifier, you will see that it is basically a Leach with the feedback input removed, more emitter degeneration for less loop gain, and a DC servo so that it can be direct coupled. I would like to try the Nelson Pass Patent on this to increase the bias to class A and still keep the high power without the heat. Not all of us are satisfied with a 2A3 running class A single ended open loop with a whole whopping 3.25W!
 
Djk,

you better start reading my statements better, so here is a little update.

If you have a single-ended signal that is feed into a differential stage you better use both halfs outputs, not just one of them.

If you only use one of them you better have the signal into the differential stage balanced.

I have nothing against balanced signal or differential stages, but you have to use the correctly.
And in the case of 20KW amp, Leach amps and also LC audio's amplifiers they will sound much worse with single-ended signal input than with a balanced.

Janne
 

djk

R.I.P
2001-02-04 4:23 am
USA
http://www.lcaudio.com/forst.htm
The ZAPsolute Mk4 is a kit form (or handbuilt ready to play) high end Pure Class A amplifier, configurable in 50, 78 or 118 Watts in 8 Ohms Class A. Capable of driving down to 1 Ohm with 6 times higher power. (Shown on picture).

The End Millennium, a 100 - 300 Watt Class A/B amplifier in kit form, with short circuit protection, DC servo, easy to build, but with sound quality comparable to the best available factory made amplifiers in the world. Built with high grade capacitors, high quality cabling and a huge power supply, with The End Millennium You'll have the amplifier to knock out Your freinds' 10 times higher priced factory built amps.

Like I say, I'd like to try an efficient class A design of the Millenium using the Nelson Pass patent.As to your remarks about the 'GAS the Nine', the Sumo Nine was designed by GAS founder James Bongiorno. And it did have differential inputs. And it also had horrible capacitors. Unbypassed polarized electrolytics in the signal path, ceramics everywhere, and no power supply bypassing. It's a wonder it sounded as good as it did. But I believe the topology was sound. I just picked up one to play with. I'm sure I will be able to make it sound vastly better with a little bit of effort. Have you seen the schematic on one of these? It's two single ended output stages bridged and driven differentially from a common diff pair. A Wiggins Circlotron.
 
The ZAPsolute Mk4 is a kit form (or handbuilt ready to play) high end Pure Class A amplifier, configurable in 50, 78 or 118 Watts in 8 Ohms Class A. Capable of driving down to 1 Ohm with 6 times higher power. (Shown on picture).

The End Millennium, a 100 - 300 Watt Class A/B amplifier in kit form, with short circuit protection, DC servo, easy to build, but with sound quality comparable to the best available factory made amplifiers in the world. Built with high grade capacitors, high quality cabling and a huge power supply, with The End Millennium You'll have the amplifier to knock out Your freinds' 10 times higher priced factory built amps.

Like I say, I'd like to try an efficient class A design of the Millenium using the Nelson Pass patent.As to your remarks about the 'GAS the Nine', the Sumo Nine was designed by GAS founder James Bongiorno. And it did have differential inputs. And it also had horrible capacitors. Unbypassed polarized electrolytics in the signal path, ceramics everywhere, and no power supply bypassing. It's a wonder it sounded as good as it did. But I believe the topology was sound. I just picked up one to play with. I'm sure I will be able to make it sound vastly better with a little bit of effort. Have you seen the schematic on one of these? It's two single ended output stages bridged and driven differentially from a common diff pair. A Wiggins Circlotron.

Sorry for my fault on Millenium. Not looking closely at Millenium speces I assumed it was class A like ZAPsolute.
I shared room at Arken (the biggest audio fair in scandinavia) with Golden Age Music which at the time was distributor of LCaudio's products in Sweden. We had both Zapsolute and Millenium in our room.
Both where outperformed quite much by Spark top tubeamps.
I still say that Millenium is not very good.
Since Millenium is designed to accept both single-ended signal and balanced it is a perfect opportunity for you to find out by yourself that differential stages need to get a balanced signal in if you only use one side for output.
After you have tested that I suggest you change input stage to the one used in the early Zapsolute amplifiers which is much better sounding with single-ended output.

Yes, I have seen the schematic for The Nine, but can't comment on it since I sold it a long time ago.

Please don't think I dislike differential stages.
You seems to have hung up on that.

Good luck with your Millenium.
Janne
 
Dave,

Of course they are not. Some of them sound good, but I state than any of them will sound better if the input is balanced.
I have come to this result over and over again with my own constructions as well as commercial amplifiers using this type of input stage.
Mostly I go to the bottom with my constructions modifying countless of times until I get the best possible sound and when using single-ended input it always ends with a complementary single-ended input stage.

Janne
 
To: Hedlund.

You mention the early versions of Zapsolute. Do you have the schematics of these versions and can you perhaps mail it to me. I own The End Millennium kit based amp at the moment and I'm also working on my own class A project.. I would be very interested in studing the evolution of the circuit compared to current ZAP and figure out why they decided to change this or that..

Rgds
Ergo
 
Ergo,

Zapsolute started as a DIY project in the scandinavian HiFi magazine High Fidelity around 5 years ago, before the designer had started LC Audio.
Mail me your fax number so I can send copies of the articles.
If I remember right there was three or four of them.
Unfortunalty they are i swedish, but I will try to write a short explanation for you.

[email protected]

Janne