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Old 20th March 2004, 07:47 AM   #1
MaXiZ is offline MaXiZ  Italy
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Default Inverter

I would like to build an inverter from +12VDC to 220VAC.. Should i follow the schematic of a typical SMPS in wich i replace a ferrite transformer with an iron transformer and without the capacitor at the output or do i need a special schematic? Thanx in advance to all!
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Old 20th March 2004, 02:30 PM   #2
mwh-eng is offline mwh-eng  United States
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How much power?

Convert 12 VDC to + and - 325 VDC. Then use a Class D to get 220 vrms sinewave.
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Old 20th March 2004, 05:27 PM   #3
MaXiZ is offline MaXiZ  Italy
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a schematic?
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Old 20th March 2004, 06:10 PM   #4
mwh-eng is offline mwh-eng  United States
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Give me a little time on that one. I would like to know what drawing software people are using to post neat schematics here? I have my schematics in Pspice capture. I have to do some converting to post them. Someone got a freeware that converts Pspice capture directly to jpg, gif, etc.

The reason, I ask about power; low power from 12VDC is not too difficult. High power should be from something like four 12VDC batteries in series or 48VDC. Use enough batteries in series and you can skip the DC to DC conversion from 12 VDC to 325 VDC and use just a Class D.
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Old 20th March 2004, 07:10 PM   #5
subwo1 is offline subwo1  United States
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Hello,
LTspice has a screen to bitmap converter when a schematic window is open. After you copy it, then you can go to Windows Paint and under the edit tab choose paste. Then you can resave it as GIF or JPEP. Once you save it in those formats, you need to repaste a bitmap version back to the Paint screen to resave it in another format if so desired. If you don't, each time you resave it the image loses quality.
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Old 20th March 2004, 07:19 PM   #6
andy_c is offline andy_c  United States
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Quote:
Originally posted by mwh-eng
(...)Someone got a freeware that converts Pspice capture directly to jpg, gif, etc.(...)
I just found WinGrab at http://www.brothersoft.com/soft/iwg15009.exe . It can do screen capture, cropping the image and saving as JPG or PNG. Its UI is confusing and the help is pretty useless, but after a few minutes of stumbling around with it I was able to save a nice cropped image of a PSpice Capture window. A nifty freeware graphics viewer is IrfanView at http://www.irfanview.com
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Old 20th March 2004, 07:40 PM   #7
Eva is offline Eva  Spain
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The class-D approximation is valid but has great complexity and most applications doesn't require a sinewave to work properly. Most consumer 12V DC to 220V AC converters use a coherent square wave to approximate a sine wave. Even DC may be right for somme applications like light bulbs, resistive loads, SMPS-powered equipment and other applications that rectify mains before using it

In standard consumer inverters, the 12V DC supply is elevated to about 320V DC unregulated using a simple transformer coupled push-pull circuit switching at about 40Khz. These 320V DC are switched over the load using a phase controlled full bridge whose output passes through common mode and a differential mode filters

The duty cycle of the square wave is regulated in a way such that the RMS value of the output waveform equals 230V even though the peak value is proportional to the voltage present on the 12V line and subject to fluctuations

The switching frequency of the full bridge is factory set to 50Hz or 60Hz depending on the country by means of a trimmer. The control circuit of the phase shifted full bridge appears to be very simple since it uses only a NE556 dual timer and a CD4013 dual CMOS flip-flop

The full bridge uses MOSFETs as switching devices and gate driving tends to be very rudimentary
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Old 20th March 2004, 07:44 PM   #8
mwh-eng is offline mwh-eng  United States
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Thanks Andy!!!!!!!

I will try your instructions. I have been using Irfanview for a few years and that is a great freeware.
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Old 20th March 2004, 07:58 PM   #9
mwh-eng is offline mwh-eng  United States
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I wonder if Europe has the equivalent of a Wal-Mart. They sell a 200 W inverter for about $35.00 last time I looked a few years ago. Of course it converts 12VDC to 120 Vrms, I think.

Driving to a store and buying one is NOT a DIY method and not recommended, unless you want to take one apart and reverse engineer it for educational purposes.

Most of the less expensive inverters use a modified sinewave or modified rectangular waveform that has the same effective voltage of a sinewave. They will work fine for many applications. I built a 12VDC to adjustable 90 to 120 VDC converter for running a weedeater from my truck battery. Be careful with running some devices from DC such as variable speed drills, as it smokes the control circuit. Also do the conversions from peak to average, for effective voltages, if the device can handle the DC.
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Old 20th March 2004, 08:26 PM   #10
mwh-eng is offline mwh-eng  United States
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Oops, I forgot to thank subwo1 for the suggestions! Thank you!
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