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SE807 Triode Dick Amplifier Questions
SE807 Triode Dick Amplifier Questions
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Old 19th April 2017, 08:45 AM   #41
lilstripe is offline lilstripe  United States
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I'm still studying tube amp design and you all have been great answering what may seem to be basic questions thus far. Thank you for your responses.
As I'm trying to learn more about SE designs, would you mind helping answer a few more questions.

I numbered most of the components on this newly attached schematic. Would you mind filling in any blanks I have relating to the name and purpose of each component and validating any that have a question mark? Also, correct me if I have any wrong thus far, this was my stab in the dark:

1 - Variable pot for volume control (voltage divider on input)
2 - Grid stopper resistor (not completely sure of purpose?)
3 - Plate resistor (drop voltage to appropriate level on resistor)
4 - Cathode resistor (set bias relative to grid?)
5 - coupling capacitor (keep AC off following stage)
6 - not really sure other than it sets up a voltage divider for input to next tube?
7- Grid stopper resistor (not completely sure of purpose)
8 - ?
9 - Cathode resistor (?)
10 - Cathode resistor (?)
11 - ?
12 - Grid stopper resistor (?)
13 - Cathode resistor (?)
14 - Cathode bypass cap (?)
15 - ?
16 - ?
17 - Screen bias (Sets screen voltage via zener values)
18 - ?
19 - ?
20 - ?
21 - NFB resistor (sets amount of feedback making it to input - buy why to cathode of 1st tube instead of to grid?)

Thanks,
Lilstripe
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Old 20th April 2017, 08:11 AM   #42
Miles Prower is offline Miles Prower  United States
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1 - Variable pot for volume control (voltage divider on input)

Yes

2 - Grid stopper resistor (not completely sure of purpose?)

This helps break up any high frequency parasitic circuits by de-Q-ing these circuits formed by device/stray reactances.

3 - Plate resistor (drop voltage to appropriate level on resistor)

This is a passive plate load, without which there would be no voltage gain.

4 - Cathode resistor (set bias relative to grid?)

Yes

5 - coupling capacitor (keep AC off following stage)

Yes

6 - not really sure other than it sets up a voltage divider for input to next tube?

This is the DC return reference resistor. It provides a light AC load while referencing the grid to DC ground, otherwise, the grid would float and this stage wouldn't work right. There should be very little DC dropped across it.

8 - ?

Another grid stopper

9 - Cathode resistor (?)

Yes

10 - Cathode resistor (?)

Yes

11 - ?

DC grid reference

12 - Grid stopper resistor (?)

Yes

13 - Cathode resistor (?)

Yes

14 - Cathode bypass cap (?)

Yes. For power stages that use cathode bias, this is essential if you're not to lose a helluvalot of power and/or drive up the rp.

15 - ?

Screen bypass capacitor. Power pents work best if the screen(s) are returned to AC ground with a Lo-Z connection. Here, the capacitor does double duty it also bypasses the noise the Zeners will produce

16 - ?

Ballast resistor to limit the current through the Zeners

17 - Screen bias (Sets screen voltage via zener values)

Zeners used as a parallel screen voltage regulator.

18 - ?
19 - ?
20 - ?

An AC bypassed voltage regulator that floats the heaters above DC ground. This helps with noise reduction, especially in cases where cathodes are far removed from AC ground. Red hot aluminum oxide acts more like a lightly N-doped semiconductor than an insulator. This can leak AC into the signal chain. Making the heaters positive reverse biases that parasitic diode.

21 - NFB resistor (sets amount of feedback making it to input - buy why to cathode of 1st tube instead of to grid?)

The cathode is the "invert" input. You could return it to the input, but that would reduce the input impedance, perhaps enough to overload whatever's driving the input. it is sometimes done, bit not very often.
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Old 20th April 2017, 12:57 PM   #43
lilstripe is offline lilstripe  United States
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Thanks, very insightful.
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Old 20th April 2017, 09:45 PM   #44
Sheldon is offline Sheldon  United States
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Quote:
Originally Posted by lilstripe View Post
Since we are having so much fun with this thread, anything you would change about the original design?
You could use VR (voltage regulator tubes) instead of zeners. Same function, but colorful.

Sheldon
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Old 20th April 2017, 10:36 PM   #45
Wavebourn is offline Wavebourn  United States
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SE807 Triode Dick Amplifier Questions
Quote:
Originally Posted by Sheldon View Post
You could use VR (voltage regulator tubes) instead of zeners. Same function, but colorful.
Yes, but 10 uF cap in parallel would make a good relaxation oscillator. ;-)
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Old 21st April 2017, 12:33 AM   #46
Sheldon is offline Sheldon  United States
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Wavebourn View Post
Yes, but 10 uF cap in parallel would make a good relaxation oscillator. ;-)

Well, yes. Every alternative approach requires applying the new device within its working specifications.

Quote:
Originally Posted by Sheldon View Post
Well, yes. Every alternative approach requires applying the new device within its working specifications.
And of course, for that we refer to the data sheet: https://frank.pocnet.net/sheets/127/0/0B2.pdf

See figure 2 for series operation.

Sheldon
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Old 13th December 2017, 04:07 PM   #47
MakW is offline MakW  Netherlands
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Saluti,
After reading the thread I am just very curious,
LilStripe does your "Triode Dick" 807 single ended play well?
Or are you still in the building proces.
Dick designed several tube amps and has also an 807 Push Pull, published that same year.

Happy listening,
Marcel
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Old 25th August 2019, 10:39 AM   #48
zdenoeddie is offline zdenoeddie
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Hi,

I built this amp, and have big trouble with hum. I built several tube's amps before, but never had a big problem like this.
I can't get hum under -65dB (e.g. on PCL86 SE I have -95dB). I re-arranged ground connections, filaments wiring, add some capacitors etc. but without change. Does anybody built this, and have plan for grounding please? I still think, that something with ground wiring is bad. Thank you.

This is the best result I achieved after last ground connections re-arrangement.
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Old 25th August 2019, 05:44 PM   #49
zdenoeddie is offline zdenoeddie
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Update: I found finally traitor - power transformer. After rotating 90 degrees I achieve -80dB. I think, that this is the best, what I can do with this transformers. Now I continue to remove 100Hz peak
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Old 26th August 2019, 12:29 AM   #50
6A3sUMMER is offline 6A3sUMMER  United States
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Ground the control grid on the 807. See what ripple you get now. Unground the 807 control grid.
Ground (short across) the 220k grid resistor of the second stage. See what ripple you get now. Remove that ground (short).
Do you see, we are troubleshooting what stage the hum is mainly coming from.

Chokes also can couple magnetic fields to the output transformers.

The capacitors in the B+ after the chokes are far less than I normally use.
Maybe there is too much ripple.

I use a local ground loop in B+: Secondary center tap, to first filter cap negative, from there to the 2nd filter cap negative (2 in this case), and only after those wires, you can connect to the rest of the circuit grounds. Keep those first leads short, and away from other stage wires (large impulse currents can couple magnetically to other wires.

Check the ripple voltage on each stage of the amp. You have to calculate each contribution of those ripples to the hum you get.

Not the exact quantities, but just to illustrate an Example:
25mV ripple at the B+ to the 807 OPT primary, 807 Pentode plate resistance of 10,000 Ohms, OPT primary 5,000 Ohms.
The ripple across the 5,000 Ohm secondary would be 25mV (5,000/(10,000 + 5,000)) =
8.33mV.
A 5,000 Ohm primary to 8 Ohm secondary has a 25:1 turns ratio. Root (primary impedance/secondary impedance) = turns ratio.
8.33mV/25 = 0.333mV (333uV) at the 8 Ohm tap.
But if the output stage B+ ripple there is 250mV, you now have 3.33mV ripple at 8 Ohms.

B+ ripple in the earlier stages is amplified by the gain of those stages.
More calculations.

Be very sure that the filament secondary that has the resistive divider coming from B+, needs to have the bypass cap, and it needs to power the filament of the Top Tube in the SRPP stage. That is to reduce the filament to cathode voltage which can cause hum, and can cause leakage of the Top Tube which can change the circuit's correct operation.

Good luck.
You have re-activated a very old thread (because this is the amp you have).
PS I did not read through the whole thread, just the schematic in post 1, and your post asking for help with the hum.

Last edited by 6A3sUMMER; 26th August 2019 at 12:46 AM.
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