Go Back   Home > Forums > >

Software Tools SPICE, PCB CAD, speaker design and measurement software, calculators

XSim free crossover designer
XSim free crossover designer
Please consider donating to help us continue to serve you.

Ads on/off / Custom Title / More PMs / More album space / Advanced printing & mass image saving
Reply
 
Thread Tools
Old 4th February 2021, 08:39 PM   #951
pawelp is offline pawelp  Poland
diyAudio Member
 
Join Date: May 2006
A question about xover resistors - how you would select the power rating for resistors in the xover attached - what are typical rules of thumb for the resistors in the signal path, those across the speaker and in the resonance branches ?
- S2 is mid short/long-term power handling 80W/250W,
- S3 are two woofers 10" in parallel, rated noise power 190W each
Attached Images
File Type: png Resistor_power_rating.PNG (18.6 KB, 218 views)
  Reply With Quote
Old 5th February 2021, 02:16 PM   #952
ernperkins is offline ernperkins  United States
diyAudio Member
 
ernperkins's Avatar
 
Join Date: Nov 2009
To look at power dissipation in XSim select AddGraph, more, Component Power Dissipation (W). That will display a graph where you can select the components to look at. Then adjust your source (put mouse over source, then press t) to the power level you want. You can also adjust the impedance to match your drivers/crossovers.

IIRC (and someone correct me if I'm wrong) XSim applies the power level equally across all frequencies. In most real music the majority of power is in the lower octaves. So XSim may overstate the power used in the tweeter components. Anyone have more information on this?
  Reply With Quote
Old 5th February 2021, 04:41 PM   #953
pawelp is offline pawelp  Poland
diyAudio Member
 
Join Date: May 2006
That's nice Thanx
  Reply With Quote
Old 5th February 2021, 08:05 PM   #954
ernperkins is offline ernperkins  United States
diyAudio Member
 
ernperkins's Avatar
 
Join Date: Nov 2009
Pawel –

Sorry for my much delayed response about your MR18REX. Thanks for posting your XSim .dxo file – it had all the information I needed. You mentioned that this will be a 3-way speaker. I noticed Madisound has a 3-way kit that uses the M18REX. It’s called the CX871 (LINK and LINK) and was designed by Peter Noerbaek of PBN Audio. All the important information is listed: frequency response, crossover components and values, crossover points, individual driver responses and cabinet information. So that’s a great place to get ideas from a respected designer.

You could use the same woofers as the CX871 and duplicate the full design. Done deal! Or you could use the MR18REX portion of the CX871 crossover and use different low end driver(s). The requirements of the low end driver(s) and crossover would be 90 dB sensitivity and a Linkwitz-Riley 24 dB/octave roll off at 300 Hz.

I got intrigued and created a couple of simulations: The first is a sim of the published CX871 MR18REX xover. I did modify your .frd and .zma files (changes explained at the end) for the sim. Some notes:

- The simulation FR matches the published FR quite well with a few small differences. It’s also very close to the CX871 driver roll offs and crossover point at 2100 Hz.

- I used the 20 gauge inductor DCRs per the published design.

The CX871 crossover does have a lot of parts and one very large (5.8 mH) air core inductor. So I created a second simulation based on the original crossover, but with the goal of using fewer, less costly and more standard value parts. Results of this simulation:

- The frequency response, crossover point and driver roll offs are very close to the original CX871 sim.

- The tweeter xover has four fewer parts. Contour shaping parts were replaced with a single resistor.

- The midrange xover has three fewer parts, most notably the 5.8 mH inductor.

My take away is this: While the MR18REX is a nice driver it does take a lot of components to make it shine. Lacking my own measurements I would use the CX871 MR18REX crossover as-is and keep the cabinet dimensions (especially baffle width) and MR18REX volume (~14 L) the same as the CX871. The woofer section could be changed (with a new woofer crossover) as long as it meets the CX871 requirements. I personally wouldn’t replace the woofers unless I had in-cabinet measurements of the new woofer(s). Hope this helps and good luck!

Regarding the input file changes I made (and my opinion about what is important when using .frd and .zma files copied from manufacturer’s graphs):

1. Seas used a 12L closed box when measuring the MR18REX midrange and tweeter responses (stated in the data sheet). This is a very fortunate exception to the normally published Infinite Baffle (IB) responses. Had you started with IB responses (i.e. no cabinet) the cabinet effects shown below would need to be simulated and added/merged with the IB responses to approximate the in-cabinet responses. Lots of important things change when you put a driver in a cabinet! Using the Seas 12L closed box data is close enough for a first sim.

Cabinet Effects = Baffle step and diffraction effects (midrange and tweeter), low end response changes (midrange) and impedance changes (midrange)

2. I created a new midrange .frd file. Your file had a marked response rise from 15 to 20 KHz that I didn’t see in the Seas response graph. It’s a small nit really, but I went ahead and retraced the midrange response.

3. Files copied from response graphs don’t contain important phase data. I used XSim to create phase data for all four files. If you’re not familiar with this capability, here’s how to create phase data:

- Right click on a driver and select the Tune option. Then select the “derived” option in the “FRD phase source” box. In the next window you can define the frequency and slope of the lower and higher tails. Tails are fixed slope extensions to the data that increase the accuracy of the generated phase data.

- To create phase data for the impedance file select the “derived” option in the “ZMA phase source” box.

- To see the FR effects of the phase data: Open one of simulations and perform the above steps for both drivers, but select the “as measured” option instead. Notice the change in the system response without phase data. Then repeat the above steps again and re-select the “derived”options. You’ll then see how I tailed the .frd files.

4. Acoustic Centers: The Madisound information does have acoustic center timing, but it’s somewhat confusing. The tweeter crossover is marked as “-20.87 usec” while the midrange is marked as “Zero Delay”. I would interpret this to mean the tweeter’s acoustic center is actually behind the midrange driver. That’s possible, but I haven’t seen it happen very often. It all depends on how the negative sign is interpreted. This is a small value (0.28” delay) and has a small impact on the simulation. Since I had questions about the value’s sign and the impact is small I just left mod delay set to zero.
Attached Files
File Type: dxo Madisound CX871 Sim.dxo (65.4 KB, 10 views)
File Type: dxo Madisound Modified CX871 Sim.dxo (61.5 KB, 6 views)

Last edited by ernperkins; 5th February 2021 at 08:07 PM. Reason: typos
  Reply With Quote
Old 6th February 2021, 07:53 AM   #955
pawelp is offline pawelp  Poland
diyAudio Member
 
Join Date: May 2006
I really highly appreciate your detailed, insightful and value-adding analysis and comments.
Your improvements to the files are quite useful, they are not attached ? - can you please add them ?
I do not want to sound as a know-it-all and evangelize here but I thought I present my POV as a sort of return for your effort and input as it is based on quite a bit of research using quite unique technical means. I have some distance to 'respected designers'. In particular using 4-th order xovers may look smart but for me is a recipe for a no-chance-for-good-sounding speakers. If I understand it correctly all xovers are 4-th order (I am not very experienced in reading analog xovers, I am a passer-by in this area, my focus is advanced DSP and digital xovers and audio processing).
I do not understand the delays given in this brochure as a 4-th HP has a very different delay than LP.
To me this kind of a xover from a respected designer very much destroys the key benefit of a coaxial driver - its time alignment. IMO and experience, hi-fi quality is not primarily about FR flatness, neither on-axis, nor off-axis, nor any secret magic combination of them.
It is much more about transients integrity and waveform preservation, especially the attack part. For me of course
But the ultimate verdict is audition, also for my designs, no matter what high tech and calibre advanced arguments I would present here
So I'll finish the xover according to my time alignment preference soon, the boxes are already built, there is also a classical non-time alignment version of xover so when the verdict is known I might let know here

Last edited by pawelp; 6th February 2021 at 08:05 AM.
  Reply With Quote
Old 6th February 2021, 05:11 PM   #956
ernperkins is offline ernperkins  United States
diyAudio Member
 
ernperkins's Avatar
 
Join Date: Nov 2009
Quote:
Your improvements to the files are quite useful, they are not attached ? - can you please add them ?
Some of the changes (my updated midrange .frd file) are part of the .dxo file. For example, first create a new directory, download the "Madisound CX871 Sim.dxo" file to that directory, open it and then simply exit it. In your new directory you'll see a directory named "!FRD&ZMA" and in that directory another directory named "Data!Madisound CX871 Sim". In that directory you'll find the .frd and .zma files I used. The only one different from the .dxo you posted is "MR18 Woofer Retrace.frd", the re-traced midrange file. In your sim: "Tune" the midrange, navigate to the "MR18 Woofer Retrace.frd" file and select it.

Adding the phase data is internal XSim - you'll have to follow the steps in my previous post and add the phase data yourself.

Quote:
In particular using 4-th order xovers may look smart but for me is a recipe for a no-chance-for-good-sounding speakers. ... IMO and experience, hi-fi quality is not primarily about FR flatness, neither on-axis, nor off-axis, nor any secret magic combination of them. It is much more about transients integrity and waveform preservation, especially the attack part. For me of course
I guess we'll have to agree to disagree on this topic. It sounds like your 1st priority is what I call a time and phase coherent speaker: one that has a nice, smooth step response and can duplicate square waves. The people I most respect in the audio industry place this capability far below the other items you mentioned, but it's a big world! Que Sera Sera.
Quote:
I do not understand the delays given in this brochure as a 4-th HP has a very different delay than LP.
I interpret the delay values as differences in the acoustic centers of the drivers and are independent of the crossover used.

Quote:
the ultimate verdict is audition
How true.

Last edited by AllenB; 6th February 2021 at 08:37 PM. Reason: Fix tags
  Reply With Quote
Old 7th February 2021, 06:47 AM   #957
pawelp is offline pawelp  Poland
diyAudio Member
 
Join Date: May 2006
Disagreement is in most cases a better option It stimulates intellectual effort, creative discussions and may lead to some learning which is for me a key essence of life as a human being.
Well, if the (speaker) frequency response was so overwhelmingly important then digital correction at the signal level and then active xovers would have cleaned the audio market since years. No matter what sophisticated analog xovers you may design it is just a humble fraction of the power you have with DSP.
Why do you think it has not happened yet and the analog audio world holds up fine ?
A question is a bit unfair as this is a specific area of human activity and we are now in the space where more objective criteria like noise level are already no longer on the table and the game has become very nuanced and subjective.
But still it seems the audiophiles converge to some sort of common high fidelity reference ?
One more argument - do you think there is any sginificant correlation between frequency response of most renowned and expensive speakers and their subjective rank ? And it is regularly measured and posted in reviews.
But above all it is only audio, our nice hobby

Last edited by pawelp; 7th February 2021 at 06:50 AM.
  Reply With Quote
Old 8th February 2021, 11:21 AM   #958
Snijder is offline Snijder
diyAudio Member
 
Join Date: Aug 2019
Default Speaker data

How do i get the right speakerdata. Where can i find de files?? For instance for the Seas Prestige FA22RCZ (H1597-08) 8" Fullrange
  Reply With Quote
Old 9th February 2021, 02:55 PM   #959
carlthess40 is online now carlthess40  United States
diyAudio Member
 
Join Date: Oct 2017
Location: Lake Mary Florida
Is there anyone on here that lives near Orlando or Daytona Florida thatís using this cool software ?
I have a few speaker projects that I need help with on the crossovers
  Reply With Quote
Old 27th February 2021, 07:19 PM   #960
dave123 is online now dave123
diyAudio Member
 
Join Date: Jun 2004
Location: _
Quote:
Originally Posted by dave123 View Post
Do you measure the impedance of the driver inside the enclosure to use it in XSIM? or the impedance in the datasheet will be adequate?
can anybody light me up about this? Should the effect of the cabinet on the impedance be taken into consideration?
  Reply With Quote

Reply


XSim free crossover designerHide this!Advertise here!
Thread Tools

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is Off

Forum Jump

Similar Threads
Thread Thread Starter Forum Replies Last Post
Update to Windows Passive Crossover Designer available dlr Software Tools 1 15th May 2014 10:46 PM
Windows Passive Crossover Designer v1.2 available for download dlr Software Tools 15 13th December 2013 11:48 PM
Active Crossover Designer version 2 released CharlieLaub Software Tools 1 12th November 2012 09:08 PM
Orcad/AutoTRAX EDA - free schematic capture/PCB designer Ilija Everything Else 3 16th July 2003 11:11 AM


New To Site? Need Help?

All times are GMT. The time now is 05:59 PM.


Search Engine Optimisation provided by DragonByte SEO (Pro) - vBulletin Mods & Addons Copyright © 2021 DragonByte Technologies Ltd.
Resources saved on this page: MySQL 14.29%
vBulletin Optimisation provided by vB Optimise (Pro) - vBulletin Mods & Addons Copyright © 2021 DragonByte Technologies Ltd.
Copyright ©1999-2021 diyAudio
Wiki