Help troubleshooting Cavalli Liquid Carbon
I have a Cavalli LC which recently stopped playing music. There is a pulsating sound coming out of the headphones which sounds like a slow motion helicopter in the distance.
There are two push buttons on the front of the amp. One for choosing balanced or SE input, and one for 1x or 3x gain. When I push any of those, the frequency of the pulse is doubling.
You think I have any chance of fixing this with only a soldering station and a multimeter?
If so, where would you start searching for fault?
Sounds like the SMPS is not coming up.
The two bodge wires on the underside should carry +/-16 V, please have a look at them (DC and AC V). I'd guess they are pulsating in sync with the helicopter noises.
There are two potential reasons for why this may happen:
1. Short-circuit protection kicking in due to a short on the output.
2. Weak power supply, often bad caps.
I suggest you power off and measure resistance between both the marked +15V and -15V test points and chassis ground (e.g. the ground screw with the PE cable on it). Repeat with +/-16 V just in case. I imagine you should see a minimum of several hundred ohms everywhere, something <20 ohms would be very fishy. If you do find something, poke at potential candidates and look for the lowest reading, helping to pinpoint the location of the fault.
If there is no obvious short, the power supply itself is suspect. I must say that some of the solder joints on the SMPS transformer look dodgy, as if they had come off the board (one also looks cracked - the 3rd in the row next to R2, on the big trace). That would be consistent with changes when pushing buttons, which applies some force to the board. I suggest you get a loupe / phone camera or similar and inspect these. I hope you've got a decent tip and some flux. I'd tackle the cracked one first and see where this gets you.
A word of warning, be careful around the primary side of the power supply. That big cap has 380 V on it and can still "bite" a good while after power has been turned off. Ideally short it out with an isdolated screwdriver or something just in case (a resistor of maybe 1 kOhm is recommended for bigger ones).
The funny thing is, I was disconnecting an old unused 100 MBit switch just earlier today which was was only blinking dimly any more. Never noticed that it was even still on before. Dead PSU cap(s), most likely, what do you expect from a cheap old D-Link after what probably was 15+ years nonstop.
I'm very grateful that you take time to help me out:-D
Ok let's see.
I test these voltages:
+16V - GND = 15.84 VDC and 0.06 VAC
- 16V - GND = 14.08 VDC and 0.06 VAC
+15V - GND= 1.05 VDC and 0.03 VAC
- 15V - GND= 14.02 VDC and 0.05 VAC
Resistance with power off:
+15V - GND = 132K
- 15V - GND = 129K
+16V - GND = rising slowly to around 32K
- 16V - GND = rising slowly to around 37K
Seems like the power switch does not cut mains supply, cause I had to pull the plug to drain the HV cap.
So what do you think?
The +15V seems strange to me with 1 VDC.
The solder joints looks fine.
Alex retired. Warranty no longer valid. Avenson Audio has agreed to continue servicing CA amps.
Cavalli Audio | Headphone Reviews and Discussion - Head-Fi.org
About – Avenson Audio
sure seems like something on the add on board, probably the 1 regulator chip
you are going to need surface mount repair tools for this one.
When I measure 14VDC on -16V, could that be caused by a faulty chip on the reg board? Or is it something in the psu that causes the low voltage?
so I have pictures of the version one of this board, and the extra board was not there.
for version 2 this add on board is a change. why I do not know, could be some kind of noise issue, or some kind of protection to protect from unbalanced and balanced headphones used at the same time.
likely both of those chips are low dropout regulators set for +15 and -15v
if you have a bench supply you can solder to the +15,-15 and a ground and see if the rest of the amp is working. or if there is a high current short at operating voltage.
you can unsolder the +16 and -16 wires from the adapter board and check again the voltages on those wires. If either voltage is missing, then likely one of the power diodes
just mailing the package twice will cost more than buying the latest version from massdrop.
When I unsolder the wires, the amp won't turn on.
Can I solder +16 wire to -16 and vice versa to see if the low voltage changes side?
+15V - GND= -1.05 VDC and 0.03 VAC
- 15V - GND= -14.02 VDC and 0.05 VAC
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