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LM2574 + FET =-> doesn't work
LM2574 + FET =-> doesn't work
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Old 6th July 2005, 04:19 PM   #1
Danko is offline Danko  Hungary
diyAudio Member
Join Date: Apr 2004
Location: Hungary
Question LM2574 + FET =-> doesn't work

Hi All!

I'm designing a buck-regulator, which will have to produce 5V @ 6A from 25V DC.
There will be biult more of this circuit, so the circuit must be simple (low component count), and cheap(as always ).

I use LM2574-ADJ, as a PWM-controller. But it can deliver only 0.5A, so I have to use this IC only as a pwm-controller, and this IC must control a high-side, and a low-side MOSFET.

I drew a high-side floating MOSFET-DRIVER from discrete transistors. This schematic works in the simulator, and hopefully, it works in the real life.

My problem is with the LM2574-ADJ IC. When I connect the IC, as the IC was originally designed (the IC 's output is connected to an inductance, etcetc), then the IC works perfectly. But when I connect the IC 's output to my high-side and low-side FET-driving transistors, then the IC doesn't work At the IC's output I see on my 'scope only small (about 1.7-2V high) spikes, nothing else. See the attached image for the schematic!

What can be the problem?

thanks in advance!

edit: on the attached image, there are IRF3205 FETs, but I used instead of them IRF540. The circuit must deliver 5V, and I used LM2574-ADJ, becouse in the completed stuff there will be another dc/dc converter,wich have to produce 24V/5A, and that requires the same circuit. (ofcourse, the input voltage will be higher)
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Best regards, Danko
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Old 7th July 2005, 06:36 AM   #2
mflorin is offline mflorin  Romania
diyAudio Member
Join Date: Jun 2005
Location: IASI
Hi Danko !

So after all you changed the pwm chip.

As you know, for driving a npn bipolar transistor or a n-channel mosfet in a buck topology you need a floating voltage. Because of that, the circuit complexity increase and of course the costs too.
If you dont want to use a level shifter bootstrap solution you can try to use a transformer to drive the power switch, but for minimum number of components you can use a pnp transistor or a Darlington with pnp's (for high current) or you can use a p-channel mosfet (or several in parallel). This simplify your driver circuit.
Sorry I don't have experience with LM2574.
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Old 7th July 2005, 07:42 PM   #3
Danko is offline Danko  Hungary
diyAudio Member
Join Date: Apr 2004
Location: Hungary

finally, i solved the problem. After eht LM2574's emitter i put a pull-down resistor, and a CD4049. The first gate's output goes to the BS170's GATE. After this, I infert twice the signal, and the last few gates are connected paralell, and they drive the low-side MOSFET (IRF540N).
Here are some picture of the low-side MOSFET's GATE:
Best regards, Danko
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