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Multi-Way Conventional loudspeakers with crossovers

Vd: Sd x Xmax = Vd
Vd: Sd x Xmax = Vd
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Old 1st October 2019, 07:27 AM   #1
OffGridKindaGuy is offline OffGridKindaGuy  United States
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Default Vd: Sd x Xmax = Vd

Re: Passive Radiator..

Help me understand this..

If a driver has Sd 54.1 cm² with Excursion of 2.5 mm, would a passive radiator be considered 2x Vd if the Sd is 54.1 cm² and the "Possible" Excursion is 9 mm?

Is the area of the passive radiator the factor or is the the excursion plus the area of the passive radiator the factor?

**Would I need 2 passive radiators to double the Vd or will one with over twice the drivers stated ability of excursion provide double the Vd?

Driver/Passive Radiator in question below.. Thanks in Advance!

Dayton Audio DMA105-4 4" Dual Magnet Aluminum Cone Full-Range Driver 4 Ohm

Dayton Audio DMA105-PR 4" DMA Series Passive Radiator
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Old 1st October 2019, 08:19 AM   #2
Scottmoose is offline Scottmoose  United Kingdom
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Volume displacement is normally provided in cm^3. You already have the figures. For a fixed cone area, 2mm travel will provide double the nominal air volume displacement as 1mm travel. To double again requires 4mm travel.

Two radiating surfaces of identical area moving 1mm will provide double the volume displacement within their operating range as one of half the area.

Passive radiators are essentially just substitutes for vents & primarily of use when a duct is either too long to fit in the desired enclosure size (or will suffer issues with self-harmonics), or of too small a cross-section to keep size down & suffers excess air velocity as a result. Their excursion therefore depends on the specifics of box tuning & how much you turn the wick up.
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Last edited by Scottmoose; 1st October 2019 at 08:23 AM.
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Old 1st October 2019, 01:35 PM   #3
Lojzek is offline Lojzek  Croatia
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There is a very good excel spreadsheet "Woofer Box and Circuit Designer" which simulates PR's. This would give you answers you seek. Assuming the TSP of your driver are correct, in a 9 litre vented box you can achieve exemplary loading with an ordinary 1" vent. Still, if you preferred a PR for whatever reason, the one you chose would be a poor one, lacking Sd significantly.
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Old 1st October 2019, 04:55 PM   #4
OffGridKindaGuy is offline OffGridKindaGuy  United States
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Many thanks to the both of you. I'm still trying to gasp the physics of this..

I've never ventured into PR's. Just another toy adventure to mess with..
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