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Multi-Way Conventional loudspeakers with crossovers

Can you hear the crossover point of a speaker with a well-designed crossover?
Can you hear the crossover point of a speaker with a well-designed crossover?
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Old 31st March 2004, 10:12 PM   #1
454Casull is offline 454Casull  Canada
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Default Can you hear the crossover point of a speaker with a well-designed crossover?

Especially if it uses an active crossover... Anybody with experience in this regard?
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Old 31st March 2004, 10:24 PM   #2
454Casull is offline 454Casull  Canada
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Actually, can you hear the effect of a crossover at all, if the resulting frequency response is flat?
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Old 31st March 2004, 10:42 PM   #3
Bill Fitzpatrick is offline Bill Fitzpatrick  United States
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You can hear the transition between drivers if one is superior to the other. For example, I once heard a system with a dynamic woofer and a plasma driver for the rest of the spectrum and you could easily hear where the plasma driver was taking over.

Where drivers are of equal quality my answer to your question would be no. But, as these things often go, someone will claim that they can listen to a speaker system blindfolded and tell what the crossover frequencies are.

This is a good question and I look forward to hearing the various replies it is sure to generate.
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Old 31st March 2004, 11:04 PM   #4
Greggo is offline Greggo  United States
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IMHO it is hard to place the cause of a noted effect when listening to a speaker, but easy to know if things just sound right or not. I have heard undersireable effects that I believe where the result of the crossover, but made even more audible by the fact that the two transducers being crossed where of different materials/types and located at extremes on the baffle, i.e. - electrostatic panel on top and cone woofer driver on the very bottom. I have probably listed to over 100 very high quality stereo systems (not claiming to be an expert, just stating that my sample base is fairly significant) and my most memorable experience was a top of the line Linn active system at a dealership in Texas back in 1998.

A few years earlier I had heard a more entry level system from Linn that was fully active and was able to compare directly the same day in the same room with the same major components in a passive crossover system (as Linn offered the active boards as plug-ins for the amps as an upgrade path for this particular system). Both were excellent, but the active system again was far more dynamic and coherent sounding to me. Though I have always believed that both the resources and effort Linn is able to put into their active designs are so substantial that one may be foolish to expect their personal projects to yeild anywhere near the same benefits... but hey, giving it a try is why we are all here at this forum !!!

As I type this I am listening to Audio Physic Tempo II's driven by Perreaux electronics, and I have always thought that Audio Physic speakers were among the most coherent sounding in the business compared to other mutli-driver companies out there. I do not feel like I can hear where they cross between mid-woofer and tweeter, but I feel that I can hear, or maybe more appropriately just sense that though very pleasing, there is something somewhat less than completely natural going on between the source and my ears. Maybe just the fact that I am interested in single driver systems has increased my psychosis, but then again maybe I am honest with myself about what I am hearing, who knows for sure, I sure as hell don't.

I think the real answer to your question is, yes, to varrying degrees that are often directly correlated to the expertise of the systems designer and driver choices. I believe that any crossover point below 300 Hz is best done with an active system and with a little care will yeild superior results. Beyond that I think it is entirely possible that given current technical standards and practices it is so context dependent that it is really impossible to answer with any credible authority.

My two cents plus a nickel or two....
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Old 1st April 2004, 12:50 AM   #5
kingdaddy is offline kingdaddy  United States
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Default No

No, not if it's setup properly.
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Old 1st April 2004, 03:01 PM   #6
marsupialx is offline marsupialx  United States
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The placement of images in the soundstage is an area where the nearly unavoidable phase differences between drivers shows up. You are listening to a very believable presentation, and some notes of the piano, for instance, sound like they are coming from somewhere else than you would expect. The summed response of the drivers may give a flat frequency response, but the human ear uses phase information for nearly spherical placement perception. That has been my experience, anyway. Drivers with broad overlaps and first order crossovers, or single driver / no crossover, or active crossovers...
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Old 1st April 2004, 05:27 PM   #7
antiresonant is offline antiresonant  Norway
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If the crossover design results in linear phase shift, there is impossible to hear the crossover region itself. The final result depends of driver matching though.


Resonance systems is not an option.
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Old 1st April 2004, 08:46 PM   #8
Ken L is offline Ken L  United States
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Default If integrated properly

you should not be able to hear the crossover point _at the listening position_.

Of course, this is a lot easier to say than to achieve.


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No longer powered by Linux - not enough apps and cross platform integration - but maybe one day
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Old 1st April 2004, 08:58 PM   #9
markp is offline markp  United States
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The idea is to make a seemless transition between the drivers that is so coherent that you cant here the croosover from one to the other. It rarely happens. Often its the phase that gives the freq away causing the image to jump in space as the music goes above and below the freq of the crossover. This is heard more easily listening to a stereo pair not a single speaker. It is this transition that can make or break a speaker even if the freq response is dead flat it wont sound right due to bad crossover phasing.
There are people who will actually argue that phase makes no difference it is all freq response, dont believe them.
If it sounds good... it is good!
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Old 1st April 2004, 09:34 PM   #10
7V is offline 7V  United Kingdom
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