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Old 15th June 2018, 07:51 AM   #31
Guitar.mod is offline Guitar.mod  Europe
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Quote:
Originally Posted by reinerterig View Post
Is that a Gibson through a Marshall?
What do You mean? Guitar is Ibanez, but the point is solidstate clipping circuit here.
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Old 20th July 2018, 06:25 AM   #32
Guitar.mod is offline Guitar.mod  Europe
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Here is another well known clipping circuit and sound sample.
I have made only 3 diode stages, that's enough for guitar. Values are:
R4=47k
R3=15k
R2 = 2.2k
R1||D1||D2 are omitted.
Rin 2.2k is driven by another non-inverting Opamp with gain 22x. Distorion/overdrive is controlled only by guitars "volume" knob.
Attached Images
File Type: png 4-stage clipper.PNG (9.6 KB, 188 views)
Attached Files
File Type: mp4 opamp diode ladd_20180717.mp4 (7.10 MB, 33 views)

Last edited by Guitar.mod; 20th July 2018 at 06:32 AM. Reason: More information
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Old 26th July 2018, 12:15 AM   #33
Gnobuddy is offline Gnobuddy  Canada
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Guitar.mod View Post
I have made only 3 diode stages, that's enough for guitar.
Thanks for sharing!


Years ago I had a similar idea, but I arranged the diodes to switch additional resistances in parallel, rather than bypassing more and more resistors that are in series. I would think the same transfer function (Vo/Vi) should be possible with either circuit (but using different resistor values, obviously.)


The FFT shows higher harmonics trailing off in level quite rapidly, and even overdriven to this extent, only 2nd, 3rd, and 4th harmonics break into the top 40 dB of signal dynamic range. Harsh-sounding higher harmonics are quite weak.


It has been a very long time since I built the circuit (1990s), and I was not much of a guitar player back then, so I can't really tell you how it sounds. Consider it a starting point for some experimentation.



As with Guitar.mod's circuit, this will want a buffer stage with gain ahead of it, and probably some frequency shaping to keep it from sounding dull and muddy.



I used an NE5532 in the LTSpice simulation, but a TL072 with its JFET input stage might be a better choice for this particular application.


-Gnobuddy
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File Type: png soft_diode_distortion_003b_Jul_25_2018.png (83.4 KB, 176 views)
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Old 26th July 2018, 01:22 AM   #34
reinerterig is offline reinerterig  Australia
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Gnobuddy, That looks like a cool idea and some pretty smooth clipping. I will give this a try. I might use different diodes for the up and down cycles to get some asymmetrical clipping.
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Old 26th July 2018, 07:19 AM   #35
Gnobuddy is offline Gnobuddy  Canada
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Quote:
Originally Posted by reinerterig View Post
I will give this a try.
Do let us know how your variation turns out!

My memory is that the one I built worked best as a fairly subtle overdrive.

As I mentioned, I wasn't much of a player back then. Also I didn't realize that cutting bass before overdriving usually produces a more attractive and less muddy sound.

-Gnobuddy
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Old 26th July 2018, 08:57 PM   #36
Psicopanque is offline Psicopanque  Brazil
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the best clipping circuit i've ever heard and played into is:

the ProCo Rat Turbo

with the clipping diodes pair removed/pulled out/no diodes

the Op-Amp must be lm308n and no other

the 30pf compensation cap must be increased to taste

usually the rat signal passes to a pair of diodes in the end of the signal chain, this is a total waste of dynamics and feel... the diodes shunt to the ground the cut signal, its such a crime...

the fulltone ocd have a smarter approach: they shunt the clipped signal back to the op-amp vcc, of which is an improvement

but its hard to beat a turbo rat with lm308n and no diodes, because the op-amp is very sensitive (designed for both seismic and medical devices) so the 308n clips with dynamic even at low gain settings, but its a very pleasant way

on tougher settings, theres harsh treble fizz, so a larger compensation cap is highly desireable, such as 100pf or so

some say any chip with a low slew rate will do, such as a op07, but i say it must be the lm308n

it have a better clipping, the higher octaves wont fry out your ears due to limited bandwith, and the filter control works optimal with the lm308n... for example the op07 gets dulled out and lifeless with filter control maxed... on the lm308n it only filters the fizz...

try for yourselves the ProCo Rat Turbo with lm308n and no clipping
diodes

some might say the main difference between rat models (r2/tr/ydr) is the clipping diodes (si/led/ge)

but theres more into it

the turbo rat came stock with higher tolerances for example... you can series 2x 9v carbon batts and make it run 18v for pure mayhem!

lm308n sensitive op-amp clipping is the way to go, if you want overdrive headroom go for tubes!!!

my 5 brazilian cents, they are worth less than 2 cents in usd!
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Old 27th July 2018, 08:45 PM   #37
Gnobuddy is offline Gnobuddy  Canada
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Psicopanque View Post
ProCo Rat Turbo...clipping diodes pair removed/pulled out/no diodes
Interesting. This will drive the input of the guitar amp really hard, even before the op-amp itself begins to clip, and cause a lot more distortion in the input of the guitar amp.


Also, as you said, once the op-amp itself does start to clip, it is going to be very hard, fizzy, and abrupt clipping. Not to everybody's taste.

Quote:
Originally Posted by Psicopanque View Post
the fulltone ocd have a smarter approach: they shunt the clipped signal back to the op-amp vcc, of which is an improvement
The OCD uses a pair of resistors to split the 9V supply and produce a sort of fake ground rail at +4.5 volts. From the point of view of the guitar signal, returning the clipped signal to this point is actually exactly the same as returning it to ground.



But the OCD uses a pair of MOSFETs to clip the signal, instead of a pair of silicon diodes. That, and minor variations in the EQ / voicing, probably accounts for any differences in sound quality.



Full disclosure, I haven't used either of these pedals. Most of the time, when I try a distortion pedal, I quickly come to the conclusion that the guitar sounds better without it!



-Gnobuddy
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Old 27th July 2018, 11:10 PM   #38
Psicopanque is offline Psicopanque  Brazil
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Gnobuddy View Post
Interesting. This will drive the input of the guitar amp really hard, even before the op-amp itself begins to clip, and cause a lot more distortion in the input of the guitar amp.
yeah, the slight boost can help slam the front end of the amp, but if the headroom of the front end is massive, there'd be a mix of signal boost with slight, very little breakup/clipping

Quote:
Also, as you said, once the op-amp itself does start to clip, it is going to be very hard, fizzy, and abrupt clipping. Not to everybody's taste.
yes, but the rat with lm308n have a special behaviour, even with little gain at the pedal input, theres a chance to induce op-amp clipping if the guitar is loaded with heavy gauges and a strong pickup...

when the input gain gets enough, it gets fizzy as you confirmed, but not the way we are used to expect from another op-amps... it's worth experimenting, not trying to advertise this product... just saying lol

Quote:
The OCD uses a pair of resistors to split the 9V supply and produce a sort of fake ground rail at +4.5 volts. From the point of view of the guitar signal, returning the clipped signal to this point is actually exactly the same as returning it to ground.
thanks for the input, i didn't know this deep about the OCD... now it makes sense why it sucked when i've tried to do this with the turbo rat before realizing that it was easier to pull the clipping leds out and call it a day


Quote:
But the OCD uses a pair of MOSFETs to clip the signal, instead of a pair of silicon diodes. That, and minor variations in the EQ / voicing, probably accounts for any differences in sound quality.
i did consider throwin' in da TR this clipping in the past, i recall its something 007 or 700 something the model of the mosfet, but i hadn't these laying around and i was too lazy to go downtown buy some, so it stayed in the 'someday' list


Quote:
Full disclosure, I haven't used either of these pedals. Most of the time, when I try a distortion pedal, I quickly come to the conclusion that the guitar sounds better without it!
yah, i know how does it feel to be misadjusted into the dirt stompboxes...

the bottle rocket thingy got an improvement, but had no true bypass and it ruined the dry signal

the rat will never sound and feel like a true tube amp at the edge of exploding the room, although its a modest mouse to get the job done when nothing else fills in

today i've had a nice time with the blackstar ht-dual, its warmer than the rat, but it must be always turned on, otherwise the buffered bypass will color the dry signal, so its a dillema

i think the best solution for me is to remove the 15/7w pentode/triode switch in my amp, keep it fixed at 15w/pentode and install a jack where the switch was, to engage a footswitch that adds extra resistance from a variable resistor to ground in the mids, pre gain pots to behave like a second, drive channel, but i feel somewhat relutant to create a new topic about it since i've made so much questions and i do not know if its gonna be respectful to everyone by bombarding this forums with questions looking for a magic formula like a leech, without helping to pay for the advices

by the way, i can contribute with an advice to make the amp more friendly to gain pedals and get the sound somewhat closer to purity...

if we set higher the input resistance to ground, then biasing the plate of v1 with 68k and cathode 850r or 1k, unbypassed by capacitor, then removing the power tube's bypass cap if the tube is bright enough, cathode biased, such as el84 and pull out some preamp attenuators such as series resistors and resistors to ground after tonestack, then there is little output loss, if any loss at all, but alot of headroom

maybe the magic of dirt pedals is to send to the amp a distorted signal, since many of them are recommended to be run into a clean amp

but amps must be sounding great at raw settings to be played first, then we can worry about including pedals/ more gain later

this is the main challenge then, because if we run a tube amp 'cold' with alot of signal going to the ground to keep it clean, then it wont sound nice and not worthy of receiving effects/more gain into the input

so by biasing the amp the way i've stated (unbypassed cathodes, low plate resistors) we get a lil extra headroom and the signal keeps coming in hot, if theres loss in volume, just get rid of some attenuators in the signal path

it might sound silly and i have little of technical knowledge to back it up, but i swear that i did it to my gear and there was audible improvement, i can record samples, but maybe its easier to take some day to just do it and 'see' how does it feel

hope it helps

lets get dirtier, everybody *laughs*
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Old 28th July 2018, 03:44 AM   #39
Psicopanque is offline Psicopanque  Brazil
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Default OMG!! pLaSm@ distortion WTF?!?!

true plasma bolts inside xenon filled tube

wtf

i want one... too bad i cant afford it + shipping bureoucracy

is it hard to DIY?!

PLASMA PEDAL ⋆ Gamechanger Audio
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Old 30th July 2018, 08:56 AM   #40
Guitar.mod is offline Guitar.mod  Europe
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Psicopanque View Post
the best clipping circuit i've ever heard and played into is:

with the clipping diodes pair removed/pulled out/no diodes

the Op-Amp must be lm308n and no other

but its hard to beat a turbo rat with lm308n and no diodes, because the op-amp is very sensitive (designed for both seismic and medical devices) so the 308n clips with dynamic even at low gain settings, but its a very pleasant way

on tougher settings, theres harsh treble fizz, so a larger compensation cap is highly desireable, such as 100pf or so

some say any chip with a low slew rate will do, such as a op07, but i say it must be the lm308n

it have a better clipping, the higher octaves wont fry out your ears due to limited bandwith, and the filter control works optimal with the lm308n... for example the op07 gets dulled out and lifeless with filter control maxed... on the lm308n it only filters the fizz...
Thank You for the input!
If You want to have a good sound from heavily overdriven opamp, without "harsh treble fizz" (without any other clipping circuits), you need to use another circuit. Here is attached "Hot Cake" circuit as an example. It sounds very good and cleans out nicely even from very hard overdrive.

p.s. If we overcompensate LM308 (with 100p compensation cap) we will get almost the same slew rate as OP07. OP07 has much lower equivalent input noise - that is very useful at high gain settings.
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