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|21st September 2018, 09:28 AM||#1|
Join Date: Nov 2010
Location: Prescott, Arizona
A Revolutionary Pivoting Tangential Tone Arm
I wanted to post photographs and text together in this new thread but my nice Sigma digital camera stopped working and I had to switch to a canon digital Elph borrowed from a friend. I did not want to delay the thread and I will post photographs the day after tomorrow at the latest.
TONE ARM 4, MODEL 7
It all started in the mid 1970s, when I worked as a mechanical designer for Scully Recording Instruments Co. in Bridgeport, Connecticut. They manufactured professional tape recorders and of course the Scully Lathe. They were located in the old Underwood Building on Bunnell Street. The Engineering department and the machine shop were upstairs and on the downstairs floor there was a demo room with a Scully 100, 2 inch, 24 track tape recorder and two JBL wooden horn speakers.
During my lunch break, when there were no customers, I would go down to the demo room, eat my sandwich, and listen to whatever was on the 2 inch tape on that particular day. The experience of listening to that professional sound equipment was overwhelming. It started me on the path of designing my geometrically perfect tone arm. My co-workers all had an interest in music in one way or another. Some played musical instruments and one was a part-time recording engineer. I played acoustic guitar and sang folk and country music.
Upon the advice of my co-workers I purchased a Thorens TD-124 turntable and a separate SME 3009/S2 improved tone arm. I started to purchase LPs and soon realized that a pivoting tone arm could not faithfully reproduce music the way it was recorded.
Being fascinated by all things mechanical, I set out to design my own pivoting tangentially tracking tone arm. Although my hat is off to the designers of tone arms like the Rabco and the Goldmund, I did not like the fact that those tone arms occupied so much space on a turntable. I also did not like the various pivoting tangential tone arms like the Garrand Zero 100 because they still skated and had tracking errors. Being a perfectionist, I could not understand why all the talented tone arm designers would stop short of zero tracking error and zero skating force designs.
This thread does not concern air-bearing and Souther style tone arms which are mostly perfect.
I always liked the classical appearance of pivoting tone arms, so I concentrated on them. I designed, built and patented my first tone arm in the early 1980s, and I would have continued if it were not for the fact that CDs came on the market. It wasn’t until 2009 that I found out that vinyl LPs had made a come-back. By this time, however, I owned a CAD program, had built a shop and purchased an almost new Bridgeport vertical milling machine.
By 2010 I had redesigned my original 1980s tone arm by moving its tracks and the carriage into the base underneath the tone arm. It required an active servo and was featured in a thread on the DIY website. In 2012 I improved the tone arm by inventing the “FLOATING HEAD-SHELL” which is shown as the third item in the group picture. Like the 2010 tone arm, it also required an active servo. Not knowing electronic design, I listened to LPs without the necessary servo by nudging the tone arm’s carriage along its track every 30 seconds or so. That became possible, because I separated the head-shell from the tone arm proper. Not knowing anyone who could design the servo circuitry for me, I kept making mechanical improvements until in 2015 I invented the “OFFSET HEAD-SHELL CRADLE”.
Then in 2016 I changed my design from a carriage rolling on a track to a swing arm to support the tone arm. Of course many inventors before me discovered that a swinging support arm is far superior to a rolling carriage. Then, early in 2017 a kind gentleman whom I met on the internet, designed the servo circuitry for me. I transferred that circuit to a printed circuit board and showed it to the public at the Rocky Mountain Audio Fest (RMAF) in October 2017, in Denver, Colorado. The transition to the swing arm reduced friction to the point where the tone arm started to float across the LP purely from the drag force between the LP and the stylus. The servo has become a “passive” servo and only controls the variations in the drag force. Some of the servo components were visible when looking down on the tone arm, which I did not like, and in late 2017 I moved those components to the underside of what I call the tone arm shelf. That way the tone arm would retain its classic appearance and it would make it harder for intellectual property thieves to steal my invention. That being said, anyone who wants to build a copy of my tone arm is free to do so, as long as it’s not for sale to others.
My original 2017 servo’s printed circuit board (PCB) utilized “through-hole” components. In 2018 I redesigned the PCB to utilize “surface mount devices”.
To summarize, I have invented a pivoting, tangentially tracking tone arm with a “FLOATING HEAD-SHELL” carried by an “OFFSET TONE ARM CRADLE”. Please note, that the HEAD-SHELL and CRADLE are NOT offset to reduce tracking error, as in a conventional pivoting tone arm. The offset cradle serves a new and different purpose.
I have a complete set of 3D solid model CAD files and paper drawings for my tone arm. I also have a number of simple but precise aluminum fixtures that I have made.
Now, after several years of machining, testing and experimenting, I am finally able to listen to my favorite music played back with a tone arm of my own design. That experience cannot be described and those of you who have designed and built your own audio equipment know what I am talking about. I have kept my modest collection of 250 LPs, which I purchased in the 1970s and 1980s in almost new condition and recently, a lady friend of mine gave me around 35 boxed sets of LPs that had belonged to her deceased son. There is enough music there to last for the rest of my life.
I hope that the members of the DIY website will forgive me for not making public all the design features of my tone arm, because I want to make it difficult for the copy-cats to profit from my invention.
And, last but not least, I would like to find a manufacturer to make and sell my tone arm.
Please watch for 14 photographs in my next post. I promise, you will be amazed.
Last edited by Straight Tracker; 21st September 2018 at 09:32 AM.
|21st September 2018, 08:23 PM||#4|
Join Date: Aug 2012
Location: Traverse City, MI
I'm confident this will not disappoint!
If more is better, then too much is just right.
|24th September 2018, 01:06 AM||#7|
Join Date: Nov 2010
Location: Prescott, Arizona
Here are the first ten photographs. I made several attempts at uploading, and failed because of excess file size. I'll upload the final five photographs in the next post.
TONE ARM 4, MODEL 7
11. Tone arm wiring can be assembled and disassembled to and from the
tone arm without soldering.
12. Pivot to stylus distance is: 8.238” (209.24mm)
13. Tracking force is adjustable from 0 to 3g.
14. Materials used are 7075 aluminum, brass, stainless steel, copper and
carbon fiber tubing. All fasteners are stainless steel.
1. GROUP 1980 – 2018
LIST OF PHOTOGRAPHS
A. SME 3009/S2 improved.
This is the one that started my fascination with tone arms.
B. My first attempt at tone arm design. Its tracking error was ±.1°. It had
an optical sensor by H.P. and was driven by a stepping motor. I
patented it in the early 1980s.
C. My design from 2012. The first to use my invention of the “FLOATING
D. My design from 2015, having a ‘FLOATING HEAD-SHELL” and an
“OFFSET HEAD-SHELL CRADLE”
MY 2018 TONE ARM
I started with a billet of 7075 aircraft aluminum and simply removed all material that didn’t look like a tone arm.
3. Right hand view.
4. Left hand view.
5. “FLOATING HEAD-SHELL”, right hand view.
6. “FLOATING HEAD-SHELL”, left hand view.
7. “FLOATING HEAD-SHELL”, front view.
8. Tone arm base, right hand view.
9. Tone arm base, left hand view.
10. Tone arm base, rear view.
11. Tone arm base only, start of play.
12. Tone arm base only, end of play.
13. 2017 Servo P.C.B.
14. 2018 Servo P.C.B.
15. Alignment gage.
|24th September 2018, 01:37 AM||#9|
Join Date: Jan 2004
Location: So Calif.
A lot of TLC in there. Just beautiful work to see.
The wait was worth it and you should start selling them !
Very very nice accomplishment Ralf , and thanx for finally sharing your creation !
|24th September 2018, 01:44 AM||#10|
Join Date: Apr 2011
Pairing with a turntable mfr or direct sales, are both possible.
Last edited by rayma; 24th September 2018 at 01:52 AM.
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