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Cartridge dynamic behaviour
Cartridge dynamic behaviour
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Old 10th February 2019, 02:50 PM   #391
Calvin is offline Calvin  Germany
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Hi,

in addition to the diagrams in #237 ....
Linn K18, terminated with 47k||470pF
Linn K18 - 47k-470p - Impedance.png
Linn K18, terminated with 47k||235pF
Linn K18 - 47k-235p - Impedance.png
Linn K18, terminated with 39k||235pF
Linn K18 - 39k-235p - Impedance.png
Linn K18, terminated with 68k||235pF
Linn K18 - 68k-235p - Impedance.png
The change in peak frequency and peak amplitude are obvious.

jauu
Calvn

Last edited by Calvin; 10th February 2019 at 02:52 PM.
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Old 10th February 2019, 02:51 PM   #392
scott wurcer is online now scott wurcer  United States
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Quote:
Originally Posted by jackinnj View Post
Also on the Bode 100, left y-axis is magnitude of impedance, right y-axis phase. Anyone who wants can get the raw data (real and imaginary) by sending a PM. (I did a calibration before this run.)
Jack thanks for helping out, where did the relatively smooth plot you showed at the beginning come from?
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Old 10th February 2019, 03:41 PM   #393
Hans Polak is offline Hans Polak  Netherlands
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Quote:
Originally Posted by jackinnj View Post
Also on the Bode 100, left y-axis is magnitude of impedance, right y-axis phase. Anyone who wants can get the raw data (real and imaginary) by sending a PM. (I did a calibration before this run.)
I projected my LTspice smooth images on your wobbly Analyzer A/R plot,thereby perfectly matching your phase and A/R figure and came to almost exactly the same results as before.


460mH+800 Ohm
3.6pF//800 Kohm


Hans
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Old 10th February 2019, 04:31 PM   #394
luckythedog is online now luckythedog  United Kingdom
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Originally Posted by scott wurcer View Post
That was my original point, the network analyzer is measuring transmission loss the rest is maths. If you look at that, due to the loss because of the impedance levels, the signal at channel A is VERY small. At a ref level of -40dBm the signal level at A gets below -80dBm and the instrument specs don't support an accurate phase measurement at that level. The de-Qing in making the model fit probably lumps all loss mechanisms such as eddy current. If a proper sensitivity analysis was done using the specs of the instrument I would suspect that the extracted values have fairly wide error bars.
Then the plots of inductance versus level jackinnj posted are suspect IMO.

What's more the excitation level that was applied to the coil is orders of magnitude bigger than reported, on the face of it. And that's what we're interested in alongside pulling phase info from the noise soup.


I did say this is an instrumentation job, and I don't think we're there yet though making progess for sure.

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Originally Posted by scott wurcer View Post
BTW your notation is confusing, |Imag|, is redundant unless mag is magnetic? In either case the magnitude alone is neither inductive nor capacitive you need the phase (imaginary part).
Well that was born because the magnitude of the imaginary part of impedance, ie ignoring sign, is what I understand is indirectly being reported on jackinnj's plots. It sort of works.


The philosophical point is that only the +ve imaginary part of coil 'impedance' can generate. So |Imag| might be what we're looking for.

LD

Last edited by luckythedog; 10th February 2019 at 04:37 PM.
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Old 10th February 2019, 04:51 PM   #395
scott wurcer is online now scott wurcer  United States
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Originally Posted by luckythedog View Post
The philosophical point is that only the +ve imaginary part of coil 'impedance' can generate. So |Imag| might be what we're looking for.

LD
Sorry I take capital I as current, then we can do the i vs. j engineer vs. physicist thing.
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Old 10th February 2019, 06:45 PM   #396
jackinnj is offline jackinnj  United States
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Cartridge dynamic behaviour
Quote:
Originally Posted by scott wurcer View Post
Thanks, those are the levels I expected. Since you averaged I assume the lumpy phase at resonance is part of the instrument residual? BTW the Bode 100 supports Python so you have available some powerful (free) model fitting tools.
Yes, but I am much better using Excel macro's which can also be used as long as you have the Data Analysis Pak with its complex math tools.

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Originally Posted by luckythedog View Post
Then the plots of inductance versus level jackinnj posted are suspect IMO.

What's more the excitation level that was applied to the coil is orders of magnitude bigger than reported, on the face of it. And that's what we're interested in alongside pulling phase info from the noise soup.
I tried placing a 100k resistor between the source and receiver, lowered the frequency to 3kHz so that the reactance of the parasitic capacitor was much higher and do an amplitude plot, setting the receiver input impedance to 1Meg -- even though the HP3577 is far better than the Bode100 at low signal levels, it's going to require some amplification.

Somewhere I have an HPIB to USB converter, but I'll get a hernia if I try to move the HP3577 -- it weighs as much as a 4th grader.

It's a work in progress, suggestions welcome.
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Last edited by jackinnj; 10th February 2019 at 06:50 PM.
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Old 10th February 2019, 06:57 PM   #397
scott wurcer is online now scott wurcer  United States
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Yes, but I am much better using Excel macro's which can also be used as long as you have the Data Analysis Pak with its complex math tools.
Fair enough, we are not there yet. IIRC I was corresponding with charlielaub while he was trying the Excel optimizer for IIR filter coefficients and getting garbage out (this problem is ill-conditioned). What I meant was letting the R's, L's, and C's be free parameters and doing a least squares fit of a model to the data. This problem should not be ill-conditioned unless there is significant non-minimum phase contribution.
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Old 11th February 2019, 06:54 AM   #398
luckythedog is online now luckythedog  United Kingdom
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Originally Posted by jackinnj View Post

It's a work in progress, suggestions welcome.
Thanks jackinnj. Yes, but thanks for your work so far, I think the method to look at L is sound, so long as sig levels at the cart are big enough at the instrument, and small enough at the coil so we can examine the effect we're looking for.


I think this means 40dB 50R low noise attenuator at the output of the 3577A, and a corresponding 40dB low noise 50R gain stage at the input. It only has to have enough bandwidth to cope well with audioband and 10kHz test tones. Then the instrument can be operated at levels it expects.

It's very close to being able to see what we're looking for.

LD
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Old 11th February 2019, 08:45 AM   #399
luckythedog is online now luckythedog  United Kingdom
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Originally Posted by jackinnj View Post
I tried placing a 100k resistor between the source and receiver
Not sure the instrument copes with 1M on reference input and presumably 50R on the other...……..but this doesn't change the stimulus level across the coil much, it's still much bigger than the plots report.


By this argument, as to my post above, the ref input would need a separate 40dB 50R low noise amp as well. And it would need to be fairly well gain/delay matched to the 40dB amp on the main input.


LD

Last edited by luckythedog; 11th February 2019 at 08:49 AM.
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Old 11th February 2019, 10:33 AM   #400
Hans Polak is offline Hans Polak  Netherlands
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Jack,

May be I've got it wrong, but this could be the way to follow.

When you replace the 100K resistor by a 5K resistor, and go back to 50 Ohm input instead of 1Meg, you will have 40dB attenuation.
In case the HP producing -40dBM will give 22uV on the cart at 3Khz.
And when I understand your HP3577 correctly, it has -130dBm noise on its inputs when using a 10Hz BW, meaning 70nV noise on both inputs, adding up to 100nV uncorrelated noise.
With respect to the 22uV on the Cart, this 100nV resulting in a 47dB SNR, causing an insignifanct error on the measurement.


Hans
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