Speaker design questions: dimensions

sfhseric06

Member
2008-01-15 10:29 pm
I am considering building my first set of speakers: a 2.1 system for one of the rooms in my apartment. However, I would like to deviate from the suggested speaker enclosure dimensions. Specifically, I would like to make the speakers slimmer in depth than the "acoustic" ratio or even the golden ratio (and perhaps make the speakers wider to compensate for the lost volume).
What are the acoustic implications of less depth in the enclosure? Will this emphasize a higher frequency? Lower? Will the effect be overwhelming if the speakers are too slim? Or does the sound depend more on cabinet volume?

Also, my idea as of now is to team up a pair of speakers with a small subwoofer to fill in the lower end of the spectrum. What should I take into consideration beyond my modified cabinet design? I have a couple speaker building books to guide me through driver selection and whatnot.

Thanks
 

Svante

Member
2004-02-01 11:17 pm
Stockholm
Apart from the effects on the box volume, the depth of the box has very little effect on the frequency response. The baffle width, on th other hand has quite some effect on the frequency response. I would suggest to alter the box height instead if possible.

How much do you want to change the dimensions?
 

sfhseric06

Member
2008-01-15 10:29 pm
I am looking to reduce the depth to about 0.65 times its original value. So, assuming the base ratio is 0.79 : 1 : 1.26 (I haven't thought out what a good height/width would be yet...), the depth would become fairly slim compared to the height and width.

In absolute terms, the speakers I am thinking of aren't too large, maybe 12 inches in height? Let's say the depth is 5.5 inches (which is the area I am planning on, so long as it isn't too outrageous), should the speaker be any taller than 12 inches?

The reason for the slim speakers was mostly for better looks, would the dimensions I am throwing around be too ridiculous?
 

vasyachkin

Disabled Account
2007-12-31 1:16 am
volume is the most important thing, it has to remain constant. if you alter any of the dimensions you have to compensate with the others until the internal volume of the speaker is restored.

internal dimensions affect internal resonances with some shapes (golden ratio etc) being better in that respect and others (column shape) being worse but ultimately any shape's performance can be improved with the right acoustical damping materials.

width of the speaker will have a direct effect on frequency response so once you change the width it is no longer the same speaker you're building. if you're following some kind of an established design you will want to keep width constant too ( the other thing you're keeping constant is volume ).

overall height of the cabinet will not have that much effect (assuming the inside of the speaker is well damped) on sound as long as you dont change the height of speaker itself within the cabinet (relative to the floor). the speaker itself should remain at the same height that the original design called for (assuming the original design was a floor standing model) but the top of the cabinet may move up if you want.
 
sfhseric06 said:

I have a couple speaker building books to guide me through driver selection and whatnot.
Thanks

Hi,

No doubt that where you got all the guff about ideal dimensions ......
The way to do it is a well designed, tested and documented project.

The purpose of your cabinet shape is not explained. If it is for wall
mounting note that this does restrict the sort of imaging and midrange
neutrality available from small standmounters, one of the powerful
arguments for a satellite / subwoofer solution.

It is personal opinion but the shape you describe does not look
better when placed away from room boundaries, it does look
better if placement is restricted near a boundary.

As you are using a subwoofer then it is very likely you can take
a vented design and convert it to sealed by reducing depth.

If you are considering near boundary placement one of Zaph's reduced
baffle step options in his designs may suit, but as he freely implies you
are likely throwing out the bay with the bathwater .....

Checkout : at - http://www.zaphaudio.com/

Fully documented DIY speaker systems:

# SR71 - A kit design using the new Seas reed cone 7" - New!

# Bargain Mini - Low price, high performance minimonitor - New!

# ZD5 - An extremely high end reference level small 2-way with Scan Speak and Vifa drivers

# Slimline Wall-Mounted Speaker Part 1 - Cabinet design with formed MDF

# Slimline Wall-Mounted Speaker Part 2 - Crossover design, Aura NS3-193 / Dayton ND20TB-4

# Hi-Vi W5 / Vifa D27SG15 HT system - A small, high value, shielded HT design

# Hi-Vi B3S Single Driver System - The best 3" wide range speaker

# Seas L18 / 27TBFCG - An all-metal system with new Seas drivers

# Seas L15RLYP / 27TFFC System - Mid level, high value, high resolution system

also : http://www.geocities.com/woove99/Spkrbldg/

:)/sreten.
 
vasyachkin said:
volume is the most important thing, it has to remain constant. if you alter any of the dimensions you have to compensate with the others until the internal volume of the speaker is restored.
...

I think you are discounting certain types of enclosures where the dimensions and position of the speakers is just as important.