Mystery transistors - anyone know what these are?

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Hi Guys, normally, copious amounts of searching and lurking reveal solutions to my challenges... But not this time! So, here I go with my first post.

I recently took delivery of a not-working Aussie transistor radio with a 2 - transformer push-pull amp section. I am trying to work out what the transistors are and cannot find any info.

Have any of you seen these before?

They are in plastic cases and have a logo that looks like a C and an E melded together. The ID on the transistors are 4003E (these are the paired p-p transistors), 401B, 401C.

Attached a pic I just took including a quick drawn representaion of the logo on the transistors.

Any help greatly appreciated!



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Early small-signal germaniums were often in glass, but painted black (e.g. 0C45). Audio output (0C81) were in metal cans, for better heatsinking. (Europe, I'm not sure what happened elsewhere). Plastic cases were not common, I agree. However, push-pull with transformers seems to me to indicate the germanium era. Early Ge were almost all PNP, so complementary output (as used with Si) was not possible.

Try measuring diode voltage drops between terminals. If 0.1-0.2V forward then Ge, 0.5-0.7V then Si. You might be able to find at least one good junction even on a blown transistor. Is the radio positive or negative earth? This might indicate PNP or NPN, although not foolproof as some circuits were built 'upside down'.

Could they be Japanese?
Seen them before...

in Conrac and RCA broadcast TV equipment of the 60s and early 70s. They usually have a standard JEDEC number on them. They were some of the first cheap transistors made. The junction was built on a circular slab and they a drop of epoxy was dropped on it to seal it up. I still have some old boards that have them on it.
Ahh, while I'm asleep down under the help rolls in... All this makes sense - thank you so much to all!

DF96 - voltage drop indicates silicon and that matches in with LAJ and Kevinkr. They absolutely look like the description from LAJ - junction built on base with epoxy drop on top to seal. And most likely Japanese or even Korean as there's parts in there labeled made in Korea.

While testing I found one of the output transistors is no good - hence the non-working radio.

The radio itself is far from inspirational in look (fits with LAJ's comment "first cheap transistors made"), so the board will now most likely become a source of spares for future projects.

Thanks again guys!

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