Epoxy covered crossover??

I like to make speakers but must admit I'm not up on every tweak. Does anybody out there cover their XO's with epoxy or know of a commercial builder that does? Is this a common practice? Why? I've been told that it is and I cannot figure out why? I mount mine externally so they can be as easily tweaked as possible.

I've torn apart a number of speakers and have never found this. Am I just out of the loop?

Epoxy, Snake oil, and vibration

Ah, another learned disscussion...... Potting is not a cheap way of doing anything. Most crossover parts are soldered to a PC board or fiber board and tie-wrapped or glued to the board for the parts mechanical mounting. Mid Fi speaker with potted crossovers? I have yet to see one. Potting would be a GOOD IDEA for inductors since the winding can move under signal forces and from speaker vibration. Get an inductor moving in the stray magnetic field from a driver and you have error signals crossover nework. This is why many high end designers are starting to mount the crossover external to the speaker. By the way I have modified speakers including Theils, Magnaplaners, Duntech, Infinity, and B and W. What have you guys taken apart?

Epoxied (or Hot Melt Glue'd) X/overs serve two purposes, one; to keep the components in place and, two; as another post suggested quite rightly, dampen the intrisinic resonances in the inductors and especially caps as Tannoy research about ten to fifteen years ago found to be particularly effective on not just BP caps but also plastic film regardless wether polyprop/polyester etc, construction was used. These resonances however minute build up as the signal passes through the components regardless wether mounted in the box, where physical vibration adds to the problem, or wether mounted seperately outside which is preferable. It has also been suggested (by others) as close as possible to the amp so that the x/over is driven almost directly rather than a long run of cable leading to it... The effect it seems is a bit akin to bi-amping without an extra amp...
Make of this last bit what you will as I have not had the opportunity to try it myself yet so I can not verify it's effectivness, but it seems logical and worth experimenting with as is mounting the x/over in an alloy box to isolate it from stray electromagnetic fields around components and power cables etc...
a few thoughts. having the crossover in the amp isn't like bi-amping, more like bi-wireing. To say that this would be better then the more common form of bi-wireing is up to the reader:p
Putting the speaker crossover in a alloy box doesn't have much point as induced electromagnetic fields are so small they won't drive the speaker at all! However, if it was a active crossover (ones that x's the signal befour the amp stage) then this would be an entirely diffrent matter.

Also, is putting hot glue on those polyprop/polyester caps O.K? i know polyester caps are quite sensitive to their surroundings
Re: Epoxy, Snake oil, and vibration

Originally posted by HarryHaller
... Potting would be a GOOD IDEA for inductors since the winding can move under signal forces and from speaker vibration. Get an inductor moving in the stray magnetic field from a driver and you have error signals crossover nework. ...

Hello Harry and all,

maybe a bit off-topic :) .... from a Sound Practices article and later from discussions on the JoeNet i faintly remember that potting of inductors, particularly iron-cored inductors and transformators has heavy pros and cons and some manufacturers refuse to pot, some love it. You named some pros, one i'd like to add is making an inductor with unusual, non-standardized shape like C-cores mountable at all, the cons i remember are unwanted stray capacitancs lowering eventual resonance frequencies and thus limiting the usable bandwidth at the upper end and reducing the stacking factor (the potting compound creeping between windings and laminations) which leads to increased excitation current and decreased inductivity which limits the bandwidth on the lower end.

Dunno how significant these effects are however :) and maybe i should add that my preferred OPT from Tango all are potted, those from Lundahl are not but impregnated with epoxy. Both are C-cores with ultrathin laminations however.


2010-07-16 3:40 pm
Nice experiment

A few years ago I made a nice experiment with my Naim SBLs and its external not epoxyd crossover. I connected the xover via the speaker cable with the amp, but did not connect the speakers with xover. At full volume the board of the xover was vibrating llike a membrane of the speaker and you could listen to the music from the vibrating crossover.
After potting the xover in epoxy and repeating the experiment you could barely recognize the music......
The Naim distributor in Germany stated, that he never listened to better sounding Sbls.

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