Can I drive a valve circuit with no mains transformer?

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I'd like to build a circuit that requires 230VDC, or thereabouts
Here in Australia our outlet voltage is 230VAC

Is the use of a 1:1 transformer in this case mandatory or can I simply rectify and filter the mains?

I was going to do something like:

230VAC -> Mains Filter -> Bridge Rectifier -> 400uF / 400V filtering

the mains supply (230VAC) will of course be fused and switched (before the mains filter), the filter I have is:

An externally hosted image should be here but it was not working when we last tested it.
The moderators message is wise, the worse shock I ever got was servicing just the type of equipment that you propose, only problem was that active and neutral were swapped in the house wiring I had one hand on earth and the other on B- with a half wave rectified supply. The type of equipment equipment with half wave rectified mains is now banned due to the problems it causes transformers in the supply grid. Full wave rectified mains is even more dangerous and it requires special care to test with B- appearing half wave rectified with respect to neutral making it every bit as dangerous as B+

Use an isolation transformer 240 to 120 V are easy to get then put a half wave voltage doubler on it to get around 300VDC.
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