• WARNING: Tube/Valve amplifiers use potentially LETHAL HIGH VOLTAGES.
    Building, troubleshooting and testing of these amplifiers should only be
    performed by someone who is thoroughly familiar with
    the safety precautions around high voltages.

Balancing the PP cathode bias

Hi!
In a PP amp ( for example EL84) with unmatched tubes is it worth to use a trimmpot between the 2 tube's cathode resistor? Like in the attached picture.
Would a 0.5W multiturn trimpot be enough??

Greets:
Tyimo
 

Attachments

  • balancing the cathode bias.JPG
    balancing the cathode bias.JPG
    33.3 KB · Views: 301

artosalo

Member
2010-02-16 9:00 am
Would a 0.5W multiturn trimpot be enough??

According to data sheet of EL84, the total cathode current of your circuit could be some 70 to 80 mA.
Then you can calculate the power dissipation of the 100 trimpot by well known formula P = IxI x R.

So with 80 mA the power over 100 ohms trimpot is 0,64 W. Obviously you need to have a more powerfull trimpot or smaller, for example 47 ohms would do well.
Then the power dissipation is only 0,3 W.

The push-pull circuit is not very sensitive to small unbalance between the anode currents. However, it will improve your amplifier if you can balance the currents. But then you should also adjust the driving voltages for both tubes. Since it is obvious that if the quiescent currents are not equal, then the "sensitivity" is not equal too.

But you need to have a distortion meter to achieve this "pink of perfection".
 
Adding the trimpot in series reduces reliability, as 'slider off track' is a common failure mode. If you want to trim (but in my opnion it is not really necessary) put a larger value trimpot in parallel with the cathode resistors. Trimpot failure then reduces to the output being as balanced as it would be with no trimpot, rather than complete failure.
 

Tyimo

Member
2002-11-16 3:43 pm
Hungary
Thanks for everybody!!

Now I understand already!:)

Maybe it would be easier to matching the tubes in the real circuit. Measuring the plate current draw under operating conditions, like
measuring the voltage across the cathode resistor.etc.

Greets:
Tyimo
 
Last edited: