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Leak Stereo 20 questions
Leak Stereo 20 questions
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Old 28th April 2006, 04:33 PM   #21
kevinkr is offline kevinkr  United States
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Leak Stereo 20 questions
Accurate vacuum tube volt meters, and for those who could afford them good scopes from outfits like HP, Tek, Fairchild, etc.. I'm sure the UK had at least one comparable instrument manufacturer and metrology labs with high accuracy standards to calibrate them. It wasn't totally the stone age ya know...
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Old 29th April 2006, 04:00 PM   #22
EC8010 is offline EC8010  United Kingdom
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Default It's those doggone transformers...

The problem was not so much measuring to 0.1dB - there were test sets having scales to 0.1dB resolution, it's more that such instruments were designed for professional (balanced) audio and they inevitably used a transformer for the input balancing. Despite various myths, 600R was not universal, so these test sets also needed to be able to present a high impedance load (typically 50k) and that's where the problem arises. The input transformer required to be able to present a 50k balanced load was generally not flat to 20kHz +/-0.1dB. It was only when op-amps enabled "electronically balanced" inputs with decent CMRR that test sets magically became flat to 300kHz +/-0.05dB or better.
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Old 29th April 2006, 09:21 PM   #23
SY is offline SY  United States
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Leak Stereo 20 questions
My old Heathkit AC VTVM ran straight in, single-ended with a scope probe. It's been some decades now since I lost it, but I'm pretty sure it had 0.1dB resolution. It was designed for service people and amplifier clinics, not broadcast/studio use. I'd guess there were equivalent units from Eico, HP, and the rest of the usual suspects.
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Old 30th April 2006, 11:57 PM   #24
Johan Potgieter is offline Johan Potgieter  South Africa
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From what I can remember we had General Radio stuff at varsity and early at the CSIR, all with 600 ohm output impedance, although I am not saying that was general. The Leak TL12-type circuit with pentode input would not have suffered much until the source output impedance went above 10 K.ohm. It is these triode-input stages that would need a source impedance spec. for tests and amplifier output specs.
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