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 8th October 2012, 09:14 PM #1 merlin el mago diyAudio Member     Join Date: Sep 2009 Location: Catalonia - Europe voltage divider My preamp has too much gain, I know using a voltage divider at the input can solve, I need to reduce 6 or 12dBs, I think sources have 2V. Using Z1 & Z2 1R I have an output voltage of 1V = -6dBs attenuation Using Z1 1R & Z2 0R33 I have an output voltage of 0,5V = -12dBs attenuation Are my calculations OK?
 8th October 2012, 09:27 PM #2 sreten   R.I.P.   Join Date: Nov 2003 Location: Brighton UK Hi, Post details of your preamp, a far better solution may be very easy. An attenuator on the pre-amps output is a very poor solution. CD has max 2V, most other things less, sometimes all you need is a CD attenuator built into the lead for the the CD, or similar. rgds, sreten.
 8th October 2012, 09:31 PM #3 merlin el mago diyAudio Member     Join Date: Sep 2009 Location: Catalonia - Europe ECC81 mu-follower, gain X60 35,6dBs output impedance 267 ohms
 8th October 2012, 09:38 PM #4 Eli Duttman   diyAudio Member   Join Date: Apr 2004 Location: Monroe Township, NJ The math is correct. However, you have to allow for the drive capability of the signal source. Modern, digital, sources can drive the IHF "standard" 10 KOhm load. The total of Z1 and Z2 should be at or slightly above 10 KOhms. The load should be 10X (or higher) Z2. A good construction method for the divider is to place 1/8 W. 1% tolerance metal film resistors inside the RCA plugs, at the preamp end, of the interconnect cables. __________________ Eli D.
 8th October 2012, 09:45 PM #5 merlin el mago diyAudio Member     Join Date: Sep 2009 Location: Catalonia - Europe I like to have the voltage divider at the RCA inputs because I can left differente attenuation in diffferents input, for example: 1 input 6dB attenuation 2 input 12dB attenuations 3 input without attenuation (to play vinyls)
 9th October 2012, 04:02 AM #7 gingertube   diyAudio Member   Join Date: Oct 2004 Location: Adelaide South Oz I agree with Tom that reducing the gain of the preamp would be a good idea, unfortunately I don't see anyway to do that easily without introducing other problems. The usual method of reducing a triode gain stages gain by deleting the cathode bypass capacitor simply doesn't work for mu followers because the bootstrapped anode load impedance is so high that you have very little signal current swing and so don't develop significant signal voltage (feedback) across the cathode bias resistor, in fact I don't see why the cathode bypass cap is there at all. FOR DISCUSSION ONLY: You may be able to introduce a feedback loop around the whole stage by adding a divider from after the output coupling cap back to the grid of the lower triode. This would make the lower triodes input grid become a virtual earth mixing point and then different gains for different inputs are easily accommodated by different series input resistors, that is, treat the entire mu-follower as if it were an inverting op-amp, not sure if this would give you something good or an oscillator, maybe someone who has actually tried it could venture an opinion. Cheers, Ian
 9th October 2012, 09:46 AM #8 DF96   diyAudio Member   Join Date: May 2007 Why not simple delete the preamp? Or at least bypass it for CD and other high level sources.
 9th October 2012, 11:28 AM #9 merlin el mago diyAudio Member     Join Date: Sep 2009 Location: Catalonia - Europe Thanks for all advices. I will try the voltage divider at the input with Z1 6K8 & Z2 3K65, no problem with input impedance of the preamp because is 1Meg, I'll come back with results. @DF96 That's a good idea I left one stereo input without attenuation to play LPs

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