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Old 4th March 2012, 10:05 PM   #1
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Default Imbalanced LTP using 6922/E88CC

Dear Folks,
I try to build a head phone amp found schematic here:
http://www.roehrenkramladen.de/HBOSE8/HBOSE8.html

For tests I build only the LTP using matched 6922 because the values of Rb + Rk seemed to me unusual. I do not understand why Rb = Rk because all what I saw before was that Rb has a quite smaler value. Also a Bias of ~ 6.5V is really cold and on the right end of the load line.
I measued an imbalance of output signal of 4.2dB which seemed to me to high. I know, using a CCS will balance the LTP nearly perfect and I do not need matched tubes anymore. But I do not know if it "sounds" and also I would like to minimize the effort.

So, what is your opinion to the LTP dimensioning?
Do you have an explanation why the bias of the LTP is set to the cold end of the Loadline?

Thanks a lot for your help!
Best regards
Karsten
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Old 4th March 2012, 10:22 PM   #2
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I do not see 'Rb' or 'Rk' in the schem, but assume you mean the resistors in the tail. Yes that seems very cold bias. Probably an attempt to get high impedance in the tail. With only 4k7 in the tail, the imbalance you measured sounds reasonable.
Using a PP transformer in the output kinda balances out any unbalance in the input stage, so I wouldnt worry about the lack of symmetry too much. If you do, a CCS (like you said) will do the trick.
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Old 4th March 2012, 10:37 PM   #3
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A CCS for that is two fets and three resistors. It will greatly improve the performance. Your measured imbalance seems high, it should just be a few percent- you may want to double-check wiring.
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Old 4th March 2012, 10:57 PM   #4
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Hello,
Thanks for the answers. Sorry I mean R11 and R14 in schematic as you assumed. O.K. I assume Im to sceptic concerning the impact of the imbalance. Otherwise this means that one of the both triodes driving the PP transformer will work more than the other.
If I build the complete schematic for one channel I will see whats happens.
@SY:
I double checked the wiring an cant find any mistake. Might be a good idea to use a CCS here to prevent any issues with the second stage. At now I used two transistors, two LED plus a high watt resistor as CCS in the tail. How to realize the same using (MOS)FET?

Thanks a lot!
Karsten
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Old 4th March 2012, 11:12 PM   #5
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Take a look at my phono preamp article (in the articles section of this site)- the CCS in there will work very well for you.
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Old 5th March 2012, 08:37 AM   #6
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Hello SY,
GREAT Article! Thanks a lot for all these information!
Well, unfortunately the DN3545 ( wich is the current Version to use of the DN2540 ) is not available here in Europe Buy a few one at mouse.com will cost +20EUR shipping I hope I will find a similar FET, not really need full 450V Vds max.

An open question is how to dimension this kind of CCS. The difference is R5,R14 where R5 is 20mA and R14 10mA described in the text. But for a linear dependency I assumed R14 twice R5..

Regards
Karsten
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Old 5th March 2012, 10:57 AM   #7
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Hey,
In the meantime I simulated the CCS using original DN2540 spice model from Supertex. Using R5 = 300 ( Source Resistor ) I got Ik = 4,677mA. Using 120 Ohms I got Ik =11,05mA. The text said:
300Ohms ~= 10mA
120Ohm ~= 20mA
How does this works??
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Old 5th March 2012, 11:58 AM   #8
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Apparently, "FET" derives for the Sanskrit word for "variability."

You'll see quite a bit of variation in the required Vgs for a desired current for any FET, the DN2540 being no exception. I gave the values for the particular devices I had in my parts drawer, but you can easily see 3:1 variances from part to part. The model applies (one hopes!) to the center of the range.
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Old 12th March 2012, 03:51 PM   #9
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Hello folks,
Sorry for digging out this thread!
Now Im using a CCS as recommended by SY. But I used the "old style" to prevent selecting matching FET which are also hard to get here and using transistors plus LEDs.

The balance is now realy good but unfortunately the gain of the LTP increased by +6dB. The original circuit has a gain of 15dB, using a CCS I get 21dB. I moved the working point from the right "cold" end of the loadline to the middle. Now Ik is 6mA and bias is 2,18V.

This is what i never expected

Why the gain is now increased? And how to reduce the gain back to 15dB?

Thanks a lot to enlight me...
Regards
Karsten
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File Type: jpg LTP-CSS.jpg (61.3 KB, 166 views)
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Old 12th March 2012, 05:42 PM   #10
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The low bias in your first attempt provides very little gain. That tube enjoys a bit more current than other higher mu types. The gain you get now is what to expect when the tubes are properly biased. (Look at the datasheets and how the Gm/rp/mu is at low ib say 1mA, compared to higher, say 5mA).
The imbalance you had is also what to expect with such low impedance tail, but like I said, it's actually not so important b/c the transformer will naturally balance the final output signal.
To lower gain you should reduce the plate resistor to 10kohms, which this tube handles fine. But do you need to lower the gain? You may also include some cathode resistance, but make sure they don't eat up the voltage you need for the tail.

Btw, now that you are at 6mA, contra 1 or so, you should note the larger voltage drop over the 4k7 resistor in the supply. It now drops some 30V. Yet another reason to go to 10kohm plate resistors.

Last edited by SemperFi; 12th March 2012 at 05:45 PM.
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