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Old 8th March 2004, 08:53 PM   #41
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Default Ready for actual hybrid amp prototyping

I've got all the needed supplies breadboarded: +/- 180, -540, +/-56 (output rails) as well as the special filament & logic level supplies. Now, I'm ready to actually start building a test channel. For starters, since the mosfets are basically high power followers, I'll build just the compactron 'op amp' part of the amp to do initial measurements, & dc offset and stability analysis. Once that looks ballpark, I'll tack on a couple pairs of output mosfets and dial in the turn on & turn off circuits and, when all seems well, actually listen to some music through it.

Btw, I've collected zero shocks so far on this project. I usually eventually zap myself once or twice on stuff like this, but am hoping to improve my record.
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Old 10th March 2004, 02:32 PM   #42
morfeas is offline morfeas  Greece
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Default Schematic

Do you need the PSU schematic also ?
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Old 10th March 2004, 02:36 PM   #43
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Quote:
Do you need the PSU schematic also ?
Hi Morfeas,

Thanks for the schematic!

I won't be needing the PSU schematic...thanks.

Cheers,
Bas
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Old 16th March 2004, 03:41 PM   #44
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I've been doing some testing & tweaking with the 6K11 input/driver circuit and am getting some promising results as well as ideas of how to improve it (raising the supply voltage slightly to stay more linear & out of feedback input grid current with large voltage swings, for one). The basic configuration is of the 2 high u sections as a diff amp with the non-inverting section driving the medium u section as a follower through a resistive divider chain.

The plate of the input triode (when considering this as a noninverting amp with loop feedback) is tied directly to the positive supply and the long tailed pair cathode resistor ties to a negative supply of the same voltage as the positive supply. The medium u section as a CF is also connected between the balanced plus and minus 200V supplies. I'm looking forward to hearing how all this sounds when I hook up power mosfets (pretty soon) because, although it does use loop feedback, it is around only one voltage gain stage (12ax7 section equivalent) and two followers in cascade (the medium u stage and the power mosfets) and AC loop feedback will only be around 6db. I expect to set the mosfet bias moderately high to help intrinsically linearize the output stage, btw.

One reason I'm doing it this way is to keep the total DC supply current path directly from the plus to the minus 200V supplies which helps maintain a low offset when using the whole as a part of a DC coupled amplifier and hopefully will maintain good tracking and offset control when the AC mains voltage changes.

Just recently, I returned the lower resistor of the divider chain to the - 200v supply rather than the -600v supply which may actually be helping to reduce offset drift even though I'm losing 1.5db of open loop gain this way. Over the last two days, after the circuit warms up for a few minutes, it has been stabilizing at 20mV DC offset or better. Of course, I don't expect long term offset to remain this good, but if I can get some confidence it will probably remain not too far from, say, 100mv or better for several months or longer between adjustments, that should be good enough. I can probably help maintain offset stability by choosing overrated resistors with good temperature stability for the input stage and divider. And, if all this doesn't work out quite as expected, I can work up a digital pot circuit with memory that can do auto offset correction triggered by either a button push or a built-in timing circuit.

I'm a bit surprised by the bandwidth of the circuit (sans mosfets). It has full power bandwidth at the -3db points to beyond 100khz and small signal response to 500khz or so. It looks like around 1% distortion at full power may be achievable with this design as a front end for a 150Wrms hybrid amplifier. The distortion is predominantly 2nd and 3rd order according to the scope spectrum analyzer I used.
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Old 16th March 2004, 10:29 PM   #45
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Ooops. I just found out that the dc offset is rather sensitive to mains voltage variations. I rigged up a circuit to drop the AC input voltage by about 20%, and the DC offset went negative by 100mV. Now, I figure there's two possible contributing causes: either the drop in filament voltage is affecting the emissions of the tube sections differently, changing their plate resistance, transconductance, etc. and/or the circuit offset is simply sensitive to supply voltage variations. I'll isolate the former initially by running the filaments from a separate supply. If the problem disappears when I drop the supply rails then, all I have to do is design in a regulated DC supply for the filaments. If part or all the problem remains, I'll have to rejigger some part of the design itself. I have a suspicion what might be the cause in that case, although I should test before commenting further on that.
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Old 17th March 2004, 03:24 PM   #46
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Well, it appears that both the filament voltage and the circuit topology affects dc offset stability. The good news is that a regulated filament supply and connecting the plate of the noninverting input triode to approximately half the positive supply voltage of the other connections largely accomplishes this, dropping the offset shift from 100mV to less than 20mV when going from 120VAC to 85VAC. However, my function generator died this weekend, and I'm hoping I can fix it so I can judge the effect of the circuit change on large signal handling. I may have to increase the supply rail voltages to maintain sufficient swing capability from the diff amp to drive the output stage with these changes.
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Old 10th August 2004, 09:46 PM   #47
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You might want to consider a wheeze that regulated power supply designers used for stabilising against heater voltage variation. They would take a (thermionic) diode from the regulated HT to one input of the differential pair (plus resistor to ground, to form a potential divider). The idea was that increased LT made the diode conduct better, and this increased current could be used to offset the variations in the rest of the circuit. I imagine that a certain amount of experimentation with a variac and variable resistor would be required, but it might be cheaper than regulating the heater supplies...
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Old 28th November 2004, 05:17 PM   #48
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Cool An observation

An observation; seems alot of these really nice projects are photographed on the floor. Does anyone use them on the floor?
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Old 28th November 2004, 05:32 PM   #49
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I do.

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Old 21st February 2005, 07:42 PM   #50
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Quote:
Originally posted by Bas Horneman
Thanks...John,

Trying to advance little by little...I found aluminium..and I suppose all metals very unforgiving!!! Not fun working with if you don't have the tools...


Hi there........bit late responding to this.....for working in aluminium I nearly always use wood working tools to get a move-on......a rasp or a b astard file (yes joined up it's the right trade word)...standard fine files for ferrous clog up very quickly with ally. However with a rasp one needs to have the piece fixed in a vice and best work with gloves incase one slips.

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