What are the differences between LC and CLC chokes - diyAudio
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Old 18th July 2011, 08:00 PM   #1
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Default What are the differences between LC and CLC chokes

I saw price differences in the same spec of chokes between LC and CLC type. For example SACThailand.

Are there any differences to build?
What would happen if I use a CLC type of choke in a LC application?

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Old 18th July 2011, 08:12 PM   #2
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If you use CLC choke in a LC application it will be more bot-anchor-ish. CLC chokes are made to support higher flux swing without saturation. That means more of copper and iron is needed for the same DC current. Higher weight, bigger size.
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Old 18th July 2011, 08:18 PM   #3
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What is "bot-anchor-ish"?
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Old 18th July 2011, 08:30 PM   #4
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Sunsun22 View Post
What is "bot-anchor-ish"?
It means bigger and heavier.
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Old 18th July 2011, 10:41 PM   #5
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Originally Posted by Sunsun22 View Post
What is "bot-anchor-ish"?
I think he mead "Boat anchor like". A large chunk of iron.

With modern chokes there really is no deference in the chokes but it you were designing an LC filtered you'd pick a different choke then if designing a CLC filter. I think because the selection of the exact proper choke matters so much more in an LC design. The a CLC it is just "the bigger the better"
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Old 19th July 2011, 05:36 PM   #6
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A choke suitable for an LC sypply must withstand a great amoumt of ac current flow, because there is no first smoothing capacitor.
It must have a lot more turns (x3-4) than a common one Used in CLC's. To accomodate the large coil without using very thin wire, one needs a bigger core.

So you end up with a choke 2-3 times the weight and size for a given inductance and DC current in comparison to one for CLC.
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Old 19th July 2011, 08:47 PM   #7
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Ah, is this the reason why LC chokes are more expensive than CLC choke in the sacthailand webpage.

If this the case, what would happen if we use a CLC choke in a LC PSU?
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Old 19th July 2011, 09:00 PM   #8
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Sunsun22 View Post
If this the case, what would happen if we use a CLC choke in a LC PSU?
It will saturate on peaks. As the result, louder hum. Dependence of current on voltage of chokes is not linear. It looks like a S-shaped curve due to core saturation. The core increases inductance of the choke, but it can't work on an endless magnet flux: the higher is the flux, the lower is it's efficiency. You want your choke to work on straighter part of the curve, because higher swing would cause sharp loss of filtering properties. Also, insulation of CLC-type chokes can be made for less voltage swing than is needed for LC-type choke.
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Last edited by Wavebourn; 19th July 2011 at 09:06 PM.
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Old 19th July 2011, 09:52 PM   #9
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Originally Posted by Wavebourn View Post
If you use CLC choke in a LC application it will be more bot-anchor-ish. CLC chokes are made to support higher flux swing without saturation. That means more of copper and iron is needed for the same DC current. Higher weight, bigger size.
I think you have that backwards.

a CLC choke will be undersized and prone to saturation and buzz if used as an LC choke. The exception is a swinging choke which is designed to take advantage of saturation.

dave
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Old 20th July 2011, 02:11 AM   #10
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Quote:
Originally Posted by dave slagle View Post
I think you have that backwards.

a CLC choke will be undersized and prone to saturation and buzz if used as an LC choke.
Yes, it was a typo. CLC choke sees less swing each half-period because rectified voltage is already smoothed by the 1'st capacitor, this is obvious and don't need explanations. What needs explanation, is what is needed for the choke to accept higher swing, that I explained.
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