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Old 20th December 2010, 05:40 AM   #1
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Default OPT Question

Is V=Square Root(P*R) Peak or RMS?
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Old 20th December 2010, 05:59 AM   #2
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Is power peak or RMS?
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Old 20th December 2010, 06:35 AM   #3
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When a manufacture specifies 10W. Is that Peak or RMS. Like the Edcor GXSE10-8-5K. It just says 10 Watt.
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Old 20th December 2010, 06:49 AM   #4
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lol - what frequency?
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Old 20th December 2010, 08:18 AM   #5
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What difference does it make? In either case the OPT hardly gets hot until you have seriously over driven it.

However, for power transformers power is rated in RMS watts due to heating and longevity issues. For audio signal power is usually provided in peak power, not rms. To wit, a typical amplifier cannot exceed 48% of it's DC plate voltage in peak to peak swing voltage. To know what you need to allow for in terms of core saturation voltage you multiply that peak voltage by the usual 0.707 for rms ac drive voltage.

But again, very few amplifiers ever work near their peak power and very few OPT's ever get warm from that power being used. If the catalog says 10 watts I am sure you can draw that much from the thing. Just check to see what the expected load is, so you know how much ac swing voltage is going to be needed to provide the power. Then figure out the turns required to make that impedance and check to see if the flux is going to saturate the core.

Or, call them and ask. They will tell you. It is in their best interests for you to use their products for the goals they chose, when designing them.

Bud
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Old 20th December 2010, 12:24 PM   #6
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No such thing as RMS power. RMS is voltage or current.

For a sine wave AC circuit: Vrms= sqrt( Pavg x R)

Transformer power, whether audio or mains, should be average watts. For audio this will be the average continuous power, given certain conditions. For mains this will be power into a resistive load. You will get less power into a rectifier, as the peaky nature of the secondary current means more copper heating.
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Old 20th December 2010, 11:29 PM   #7
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All transformer design values are based upon RMS voltage and current loading. All of them are based upon heating, from full power developed from full loads for a 100% duty cycle, unless the duty cycle derating has a specified time interval and a guarantee of that activity being enforced in a fail proof manner.

Average power draw is meaningless in both audio and mains connections.
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Old 21st December 2010, 03:04 AM   #8
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I wasn't concerned about overloading the OPT. I assumed a SE 6BQ5 wouldn't challange a 10 Watt OPT. I was trying to determine the correct values to use in the design process when calculating max output.

For a Newbie (Me) to better understand what you said,

Is it: 250 (DC Plate) X .48= 120 P-P X .707 = 85V RMS

Or is it: 250 (DC Plate) X .48 = 120 X 2 = 240 P-P X .707 = 170V RMS

Again I'm going to assume for max you would use highest voltage on the load line, which would be more like 330V (DC Plate)

Which would be 224V RMS

By the way thanks a lot for your previous posts on this thread.

T

Last edited by Troncones; 21st December 2010 at 03:29 AM.
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Old 21st December 2010, 03:53 AM   #9
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Would you use DC Plate Volts at idle or at the load line max volts (about 330)?
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Old 21st December 2010, 04:45 AM   #10
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Both of your formulas are correct. The 85 vac rms is the swing voltage for 1/2 of the primary which is what you utilize when calculating flux density in the typical manner.The full primary is what is enlisted to describe the load line or turns ratio and the eventual voltage swing in the secondary from a full polarity swing in the primary.

You can use either idle plate voltage or max load line voltage. However, the load line maximum of ~112 vac rms might saturate a poorly designed OPT. I have attached a permeability curve for AC rms flux density vs perm. This is the one you would use in calculating the inductance of a SE OPT with a DC bias and gap or a power core for a choke. Peak perm is quite a bit higher, is useful only for nonsinusoidal pulse calculation. I have attached a perm curve for M6 (Hi B) core out of eastern Europe somewhere. Look at the Amplitude Permeability curve and the upper mu measures. Then note the increase towards 20 Hz and know that that increase in % from 50 Hz to 20 Hz will be available at 20 Hz from the permeability curves for AC RMS, which are also based upon 50/60 Hz.

Also note that it makes no sense to be more precise than this because core nominals range from + to - 25%, from a basically unstated mean. The M series perms shown are what I expect as minimum permeability and you can generally expect a 25% gain over them. The starting point of each line is for 1 volt 100/120 Hz excitation and is useful for calibrating the core you intend to use and for extrapolating the performance of an unknown transformer.
Attached Images
File Type: jpg Hi-B showing 20 Hz perm sm.JPG (180.4 KB, 114 views)
Attached Files
File Type: pdf Log graph 02.pdf (17.9 KB, 11 views)
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Last edited by BudP; 21st December 2010 at 04:47 AM.
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