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Matching tubes for PP
Matching tubes for PP
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Old 14th November 2010, 01:23 PM   #1
h00hbt is offline h00hbt
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Default Matching tubes for PP

Hi all

How important is it to use matched output tubes in a stereo integrated amp?

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Old 14th November 2010, 01:58 PM   #2
DF96 is offline DF96  England
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Depends on bias arrangements. Most critical is fixed bias, but shared between both valves. Least critical is cathode bias, separately for each valve.

Also depends on how dependent the amp is on output stage balance to eliminate hum from HT ripple.

This is balance within a PP pair. Balance between channels is less important, unless there is no global feedback.
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Old 14th November 2010, 04:43 PM   #3
artosalo is offline artosalo  Finland
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How important is it to use matched output tubes in a stereo integrated amp?
I have once studied this subject.
I summary, quite different kind of tubes can be used in PP-amplifier with very low distorton values. This requires - in case of fixed bias - that the bias of both output tubes can be adjusted separately to same cathode current and the output of phase splitter AC-voltages can also be adjusted to minimum output distortion.
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Old 19th May 2011, 03:13 PM   #4
trobbins is offline trobbins  Australia
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I suspect that if any global feedback was disconnected, then measurement of output distortion as signal rises would be a good determinant of output stage valve matching, as it measures a consequence of imbalance across the whole dynamic range - both from the valves and their imbalance effect on the OT.

It would be interesting to know if anyone has checked this for a reasonable number of matched/unmatched pairs to appreciate the spread in distortion levels experienced.

Another measurement for fixed bias PP could be to meassure the voltage signal across individual cathode sense resistors, and do a precision rectification of each signal, and compare the DC levels through each PP valve. For large signal levels, this may be a good indicator of the DC biasing actually being experienced by the OT (compared with just matching at idle level).

A current transducer that can meassure DC at low levels may also be able to measure such imbalance - eg. by passing both anode leads antiphase through the transducer (eg. a LEM, or tek current probe).

I guess another way could be to apply a dc current to an auxiliary winding on the OT (eg. use a separate secondary if available, or wind a separate turn or two if accessible), and then check if output distortion is minimised with bias.
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