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Old 14th May 2013, 01:34 PM   #21
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ffejgo: A few things...

Yes, variations in mains voltage will change your B+ voltage, so on a hot day with your neighbors all running their AC your B+ will be lower, since the voltage into your house will be sagging.

Here is one way to think of the PS:

with a choke input filter LC (no C4), you get 90% (.9 times transformer secondary voltage) for B+.

with a cap input filter CLC (using a cap at C4) you get roughly 141% (sqrt2 times transformer secondary voltage) for B+. It's usually a bit less than this due to series resistance voltage drops.

So with no cap in C4 you have 90% of transformer secondary voltage and with a typical value cap in C4 (say 10uf to 47uf or so) you get 141% transformer secondary voltage for B+.

Think of the above as a "spectrum" of possible voltages between 90% and 141%. As you reduce the value of the first cap below about 10uf or so, the B+ voltage will be reduced as you slide back from 141% to 90% since you will be heading from a CLC to an LC filter.

So installing say a 3uf, 2uf, or1 uf, etc cap in C4 will each reduce the B+ voltage. If you buy a few values of small film caps you can try these in a matter of minutes to dial in your desired B+ voltage. These small first caps also make life easier on your rectifier.

As Russ mentioned, LC filters need robust chokes.
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Old 14th May 2013, 01:41 PM   #22
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Quote:
Originally Posted by ffejgo View Post
Forgot to mention: I am using the Edcor XPWR131-120, an 80 MFD motor run, Triad C-14X choke, and the rest of the parts are stock per parts list.
Possible dumb question here: Are you using the 260V taps on the XPWR131?
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Old 15th May 2013, 03:46 PM   #23
ffejgo is offline ffejgo  United States
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Boywonder, Thanks for the reply.

I wired the OPT using Russ's previous thread:

The yellow wires are the 5V rectifier heater winding (TI-2 and TI-3). Same as Hammond. The brown wires are the 6.3VCT winding (TI-7 and TI-8). The white/brown is the center tap (TI-6). Hammond uses green.
The HT winding colors are a little goofy. The white wire is the HT CT, which goes to TI-1. Hammond is red/yellow. Which pair you pick for TI-4 and TI-5 depend on if you are using 45s or 300Bs. For 45s, use the black/red and white/orange pair. For 300Bs, use the red and orange pair. Doesn't matter which one goes on which terminal. (Thank you Russ for this post)

Just a few measurements with the 2 x 50ohm resistors still in series with the choke (May or may not be pertinent?):

T1-2: 360v
T1-3: 361v

T1-4 & T1-5: jumps between 1.17 and 1.54

R30: 340v with 22uf in C4 (Approx. ~130% of the 260v?)

R33 & R34: 75 (Noticed that my numbers are highter than on Russ's Pic)

45's Biased at 27

I don't understand the readings on T1-2 & 3. I thought they would be lower but nothing blew up so I guess they're ok.

I am going to change out the Triad Choke for the Hammond 158M (Costs less than a single 45 tube). I am also buying a couple of <5uf caps to titrate the voltage.

I can live with these higher voltages using my existing tubes but I want to roll pricier NOS 45 tubes and would hate to blow them because my voltage is well over their charted max voltage.

I will post my results after I recieve the parts. But if you any further suggestions please post them for me to read.

Thanks, ffejgo
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Old 15th May 2013, 04:05 PM   #24
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Quote:
Originally Posted by ffejgo View Post
T1-2: 360v
T1-3: 361v
The DC offset of the 5V winding is elevated to B+ by the rectifier tube. This is normal and is the reason why the rectifier tube heater must always have it's own winding. If you set your meter VAC and measure across T1-2/3, you should get about 5V.

Quote:
T1-4 & T1-5: jumps between 1.17 and 1.54
Again, you need you measure VAC across these terminals, not relative to ground. One meter probe goes on T1-4 and the other on T1-5.

Quote:
R30: 340v with 22uf in C4 (Approx. ~130% of the 260v?)
That's about right for a simple C filter. ~260 * 1.4 (sqrt of 2). It does seem like you are getting more than you should out of the B+ winding.

Quote:
R33 & R34: 75 (Noticed that my numbers are highter than on Russ's Pic)
It just means that your tubes are more conductive than mine were and/or you are compensating for your higher B+. More bias is needed to get the plate current correct.

Those front two meters are across R18/29. The two red ones in the back are across R33/34.

Quote:
I am going to change out the Triad Choke for the Hammond 158M (Costs less than a single 45 tube). I am also buying a couple of <5uf caps to titrate the voltage.

I can live with these higher voltages using my existing tubes but I want to roll pricier NOS 45 tubes and would hate to blow them because my voltage is well over their charted max voltage.

I will post my results after I recieve the parts. But if you any further suggestions please post them for me to read.

Thanks, ffejgo
Seems like a good plan.
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Old 15th May 2013, 04:44 PM   #25
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Quote:
Originally Posted by ffejgo View Post

I am going to change out the Triad Choke for the Hammond 158M (Costs less than a single 45 tube). I am also buying a couple of <5uf caps to titrate the voltage.

I will post my results after I recieve the parts. But if you any further suggestions please post them for me to read.

Thanks, ffejgo
Sounds good. A couple of thoughts....

If sometime in the future you want to try 300B's, the 158M won't have enough current capacity (100ma rating). It will be fine for 45's though.

The difference in DC resistance between the triad and the 158 M is 262-150=112 ohms. You may want to throw some resistors in series with the Triad to be sure that the resulting B+ does not end up too low with the 158M. Two of those Radio shack 50 ohm jobs in series will get you close.

EDIT: Re-reading your post above looks like you've already done that.........

Can you CAREFULLY measure the AC voltage from either the black/red or white/orange to the white wire with the amp powered up? (either end to the CT)

Last edited by boywonder; 15th May 2013 at 04:59 PM.
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Old 15th May 2013, 05:05 PM   #26
ffejgo is offline ffejgo  United States
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Russ,

I adjusted R18/29 to 30... This brought R33/34 to 70 (What is the optimal voltage for R33/34? I can't find a thread for this number)... and R30 back to 327v.

I can live here for a week or so untill the parts arive. The amp may be somewhat out of specs but it sounds sooo good.

Thanks!

P.S.
Across T1-4 / T1-5 is 564 VAC (Gotta remind myself not to touch those wires... I thought 350VDC was bad enough since I'd only get killed by half a wave). Just goes to show that "What you don't know can kill ya".
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Old 15th May 2013, 05:10 PM   #27
ffejgo is offline ffejgo  United States
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Can you CAREFULLY measure the AC voltage from either the black/red or white/orange to the white wire with the amp powered up? (either end to the CT)

I'll do this tommorow morning. They are easy to get to. Stripping a little off the end to do the test will not be a problem.
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Old 16th May 2013, 12:01 AM   #28
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564 VAC, so 282 VCT. That is pretty far out of spec. I'd like to know what you see across the entire primary winding (the two wires that you didn't use). Also measure each side relative to the center tap.
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Old 16th May 2013, 12:39 AM   #29
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Quote:
Originally Posted by ffejgo View Post

Across T1-4 / T1-5 is 564 VAC
Looks like you've already measured what we are after, and as Russ mentioned, it's a bit high........

Can you measure the DC resistance from either end of the 260V winding to the center tap? You have to disconnect one of the leads to get a meaningful number; it should be around 30 ohms or so. I can post a PSUDII model of what you've got, and we can see what you'll need to drop the volts.
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Old 16th May 2013, 01:33 PM   #30
ffejgo is offline ffejgo  United States
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Ok here are my numbers:

Disconnected and exposed the 260 and 330 wires. Left white center tap connected to board. Should I have also disconnected the CT from the board???

To CT:
Red 377VAC
Orange 380VAC
These two together 766-780VAC (Jumped around)

To CT:
Black/Red 299VAC
White/Orange 299VAC
These two together 601 to 610VAC (Jumped around)
These two connected to board 560VDC (Normal hookup)

DC resistance Black/Red to White 37 (B/R Disconnected from board)


Thanks again for your guidence.

Foot Note: I had to remove my 100ohm resitors to do these. The R30 voltage climbed back to 344v (As expected)
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