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John Curl's Blowtorch preamplifier part II
John Curl's Blowtorch preamplifier part II
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Old 28th March 2013, 08:50 PM   #37491
RNMarsh is offline RNMarsh  United States
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John Curl's Blowtorch preamplifier part II
Quote:
Originally Posted by simon7000 View Post
Close, but I have a 48K clock that I want to measure the "Phase Noise" or jitter. But since the QA400 looks like a really spiffy toy I'll get one. I need to have at least 1/2 as much test equipment as you Dick, if I want to keep up!

I am eBay following a scope.

But do try to convince me to shell out for a Stanford analyzer with jitter capability. The AP current version I was quoted at $27K and to be honest watching the AP system 2 drop in value so fast has me put off on the line.
hah! Only if you get the SRS .... which I am drooling for myself.

But the qa400 does a lot for a little and is enough for most test needs.

-'Dick'
 
Old 28th March 2013, 09:00 PM   #37492
bcarso is offline bcarso  United States
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Originally Posted by coresta View Post
because i have these on hand : E421 dual , 2N4393 . Are the resistive values correct ? Offset is correct but working temp is very high !
Pinchoff voltages are too high for your FETs. The 2SK389 parts, or matched 2SK170 pairs, are much lower pinchoff, and hence the resistor values John shows are appropriate.

Unfortunately, padding out the gate-source voltages with bigger resistors will result in a higher output resistance for the buffer.
 
Old 28th March 2013, 09:10 PM   #37493
simon7000 is offline simon7000  United States
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Originally Posted by RNMarsh View Post
hah! Only if you get the SRS .... which I am drooling for myself.

But the qa400 does a lot for a little and is enough for most test needs.

-'Dick'
I'd lend it to you, if you ever really want to play!
 
Old 28th March 2013, 09:15 PM   #37494
audiowolf is offline audiowolf  United States
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"is compromised but that had no impact on sales. Its really a fashion statement anyway. "



This is entirely what is wrong with most of the audio industry these days....

Fashion Statement, .....Indeed!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
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Old 28th March 2013, 09:51 PM   #37495
1audio is offline 1audio  United States
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John Curl's Blowtorch preamplifier part II
Quote:
Originally Posted by simon7000 View Post
Close, but I have a 48K clock that I want to measure the "Phase Noise" or jitter. But since the QA400 looks like a really spiffy toy I'll get one. I need to have at least 1/2 as much test equipment as you Dick, if I want to keep up!

I am eBay following a scope.

But do try to convince me to shell out for a Stanford analyzer with jitter capability. The AP current version I was quoted at $27K and to be honest watching the AP system 2 drop in value so fast has me put off on the line.
it occurred to me that you would be measuring a 48K or 44.1K word clock. I can do that with a QA400 (or any FFT that covers that frequency). I think I can pull the work clock out of my RME card and see what we see.

The problem with measuring jitter with a time interval analyzer (SR420 or HP5370) is that they look at cycle to cycle. If you add 20 pS to each cycle in a cyclic fashion is doesn't show in the instrument and is really obvious when you look at it differently. I confirmed this modulating an FM signal into the HP5370. It has a 20 pS single cycle resolution and 24 MHz FM modulated hard did not show. Wrong way to look at it.

Either a modulation analyzer, a real phase noise analyzer or a tweaked FM tuner are the solutions for looking at Jitter on the clocks.
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Old 28th March 2013, 10:05 PM   #37496
bcarso is offline bcarso  United States
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Quote:
Originally Posted by 1audio View Post

Either a modulation analyzer, a real phase noise analyzer or a tweaked FM tuner are the solutions for looking at Jitter on the clocks.
I wonder whatever happened to Ed Meitner's jitter analyzer box that Stereophile used to use?
 
Old 28th March 2013, 11:04 PM   #37497
bcarso is offline bcarso  United States
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Originally Posted by bcarso View Post
General comment on this buffer side-topic. The dual JFET approach is of course tried and true, with some appreciable input capacitance change with input signal (one distortion mechanism that is sensitive to source impedance), and some appreciable sensitivity to loading. However with good duals at least, the output offset voltage will be small.

There are ways with more parts to alleviate both sources of error. A bootstrapped cascode on both upper and lower FETs will remove the drain-gate C variation almost completely, although will entail high frequency instability depending on the source impedance as there will be a negative input capacitance at high frequencies.

For dealing with the loading effects, for a fixed load impedance one can provide an auxiliary complementary negative impedance using a negative immitance converter fashioned from an opamp. Or, the lower device(s) can provide an injection point for a compensating current based on the buffer output voltage and load. The JFETs etc. will still be the dominant buffer, effectively, unless one is trying to drive fiercely low impedances.

If the loading is variable as discussed, from a potentiometer, a second potentiometer section ganged with the main load pot can provide a variable negative impedance when used with the negative immitance circuit.

I used an LSK170 as the input device on one power amp design where I wanted high input Z (LSK because of availability in SOT-23). Rather than provide a matched current generator in its source I used cascode bipolars and an overall d.c. servo. The negative impedance was resistive and one of the sections of a LME49720 was used for the negative immitance converter. I also needed some gain so the overall circuit is more complicated than a unity-gain buffer. The overall front end was also quasi-differential, and a future project is to precisely derive the equations for the resistor values, which were determined by tweaking simulations. But overall the circuit performed beautifully, and allowed the power amp section to dominate the distortion and most of the noise. Alas, four of us jumped off the ship due to conflicts with the company founder.
The proverbial schematic that may be worth a few kilowords attached. The opamp is an ideal flat gain of 10^5, but the 49710 etc. work very well. The distortion at 1kHz and 5V peak out to the 19th harmonic is predicted to be about 16ppb, mostly second and third. And that's still mostly due to input distortion for the source resistance of 1kohm, due to the residual voltage-dependent input capacitance. Due to the negative-immitance-generator load compensation, the distortion due to variation in active device currents is very small. The feedback resistors in the NIG can be made smaller for a larger signal range at a small noise penalty.

Bandwidth is -3dB at about 17MHz, with minimal peaking.
Attached Images
File Type: jpg buffer with neg Z compensation 03-28-13 001.jpg (247.2 KB, 223 views)
 
Old 28th March 2013, 11:39 PM   #37498
john curl is offline john curl  United States
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Interesting Bcarso. Good engineering, if not 'over the top'.
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Old 29th March 2013, 12:29 AM   #37499
fas42 is offline fas42  Australia
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Well, that died a quick death; only SY showed interest. Considering what this game is supposedly all about, getting transparent replay of recorded material, it's curious how there's no real concern for such "bigger", issues ...

Maybe the fun of playing with all the bits under the hood of the old car is the name of the game ...

Frank

Last edited by fas42; 29th March 2013 at 12:31 AM.
 
Old 29th March 2013, 12:42 AM   #37500
scott wurcer is offline scott wurcer  United States
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Quote:
Originally Posted by fas42 View Post
Well, that died a quick death; only SY showed interest. Considering what this game is supposedly all about, getting transparent replay of recorded material, it's curious how there's no real concern for such "bigger", issues ...

Maybe the fun of playing with all the bits under the hood of the old car is the name of the game ...

Frank
We've tried, when put up or shut up happens one side backs off. As I said, too much to lose. It's that no peaking by any means thing, kills it every time.

BTW OT, I saw a bumper sticker yesterday "I want Morgan Freeman to narrate my life" LMAO.
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Last edited by scott wurcer; 29th March 2013 at 12:47 AM.
 

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