Keystone Sub Using 18,15,&12 Inch Speakers - Page 5 - diyAudio
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Old 14th April 2011, 03:09 PM   #41
tb46 is offline tb46  United States
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Hi Djim,

Sorry for being unclear about what I ment, maybe this will do it:

Regards,
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File Type: jpg Keystone Fold_bottom mouth.jpg (11.8 KB, 967 views)
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Old 14th April 2011, 08:58 PM   #42
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Originally Posted by tb46 View Post
Hi weltersys,

This is all very interesting. It looks like your keystone mouth converts the driver-to-mouth horn section into a tuned chamber, as you would find it in a bandpass. Did you take any measurements w/ the mouth at very end of the horn (i.e.: the bottom of the enclosure)?

Regards,
Using the bottom of the enclosure as the mouth exit would make the cabinet 45 inches deep and only 22.5 inches tall, which would not work for the type of gigs I work, so I never cut the shell to try that configuration.

I have not used 45" deep cabinets since around 1987, when I found that they were too deep to fit in front of the fire curtains in most of the theaters we worked in.

All my tests were with the mouth on the front of the cabinet, same as most of the simple one or two fold THs one sees in the Collaborative TH threads, a few examples below.

The mouth, as shown in your modification of my fold diagram below, would be almost exactly the same area as the Keystone exit.

"Tapped horns" are much like a pair of tuned ducts attached to one speaker.
Reducing the mouth area does create bandpass results, as can be seen in my prior post showing "step down" response, but the Keystone exit is not reducing the mouth area.

In the case of TH similar to ones (other than the modified one showing the mouth on the bottom) below, a keystone shaped exit will probably afford some improvement in reduction of upper dips and peaks.

Art Welter
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File Type: jpg Front exit.jpg (55.2 KB, 981 views)
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Old 14th April 2011, 09:05 PM   #43
NEO Dan is offline NEO Dan  United States
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I had thought that the dip/peak thing was improved by keystoning because the driver in your TH was deeper in the horn path. It's easy to observe this with the sliders in HR. I would not expect much of an improvement where L34 is short...
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Old 14th April 2011, 09:51 PM   #44
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Originally Posted by NEO Dan View Post
I had thought that the dip/peak thing was improved by keystoning because the driver in your TH was deeper in the horn path. It's easy to observe this with the sliders in HR. I would not expect much of an improvement where L34 is short...
I found a lot of things that were not as expected when I did actual cabinet changes and measurements.

The keystone exit shape did work somewhat like shortening L34 in Hornresp.

You may be correct that starting with a short L34 may minimize the positive effect of a keystone shaped mouth, until someone tries it, we won't know for sure.
It would be an easy experiment for anyone with the typical "tall boy" TH (and some test gear) to try.

Art Welter
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Old 15th April 2011, 01:59 AM   #45
tb46 is offline tb46  United States
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Default Post #23/42

Hi Art,

I didn't mean to imply that you should use the box in a different aspect, but was just pondering if you had among your many measurements one all the way at the end of the horn path; I would assume, that your TH18 300 sq measurement in Post #23 (the brown trace) is with the mouth at the bottom of the front of the cabinet, i.e.: in a normal TH mouth position. By the way in Post #23 you have the keystone exit as: "...6 inch wide at the top, 12.5 at the bottom, and 25 tall, 306.25 square inches...". I did a quick check, and it ends up to be 231.25in^2.

Regards,
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Old 15th April 2011, 05:34 PM   #46
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Originally Posted by tb46 View Post
Hi Art,

I didn't mean to imply that you should use the box in a different aspect, but was just pondering if you had among your many measurements one all the way at the end of the horn path; I would assume, that your TH18 300 sq measurement in Post #23 (the brown trace) is with the mouth at the bottom of the front of the cabinet, i.e.: in a normal TH mouth position. By the way in Post #23 you have the keystone exit as: "...6 inch wide at the top, 12.5 at the bottom, and 25 tall, 306.25 square inches...". I did a quick check, and it ends up to be 231.25in^2.

Regards,
Oliver,

Your assumption is correct, the 300 square inch measurement is with the mouth at the bottom of the front of the cabinet.

Thanks for pointing out my math error, it makes things even more interesting.

The 231 square inch Keystone exit behaves quite differently than a 200 or 250 square inch opening on the bottom front.
Below are traces with 200 and 250 sq.in., the TH18 S is the 231.25 square inch Keystone exit. The BCBR38Fb is a ported cabinet, tuned to 38 Hz, also using a BC18SW115-4 speaker at the same drive level.

TH18 S Glued is the finished Keystone, it appears the addition of the front panel glue block, a 3/4 inch restriction, caused an almost 6 dB drop in the 180-225 Hz area.
There are two front braces midway along the exit that also may be contributing to that loss.

Interesting to see the 180 degree difference in phase at 40 Hz putting the opening on the bottom has.

My traces used a 20 Hz 4th order Butterworth high pass and 1K Hz 4th order Butterworth low pass.
The Keystone phase and frequency response is very similar to a DSL TH-118.

The blue trace is a pair of Langston Holland’s 4Ω TH118's, green is a pair of 8Ω TH115's with the addition of 20Hz 4th order Butterworth high pass and 78Hz 4th order Linkwitz Riley low pass filters.

PSW Sound Reinforcement Forums: Product Reviews: Sound Reinforcement => Danley TH118 Review and Measurements

The white and purple traces are his same cabinets with no processing.

Art Welter
Attached Images
File Type: png Keystone Phase.png (191.7 KB, 929 views)
File Type: png L.Holland'TH-1115,118 raw.png (168.0 KB, 834 views)
File Type: jpg L Holland's TH processed.jpg (62.6 KB, 767 views)
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Old 31st May 2011, 07:50 PM   #47
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I have now used the Keystone Subs on several gigs and 14 bands ranging from acoustic soloists to hip hop, rock, blues and world beat.

I have no earth shaking difference in sound quality to report compared to the previous subs I used, Lab 12" in ported cabinets. Basically, what went in came out sounding the same, response was smooth over the coverage area.

The efficiency of the Keystone cabinets did make a positive impact. The outdoor shows were at a venue with inadequate wiring, resulting in voltage dropping from 117 volts with the system powered up to as low as 107 volts on bass peaks.
Working the same venue for previously with the ported cabinets, the sub amps were clipping and I still wanted more level, the low voltage actually reduced peak output by about 6 dB.
With the Keystone Subs, never hit the clip lights and had more level, and less voltage drop.

Although it is hard to say definitively without a side by side comparison, it did seem that the directivity of the tapped horn design is useful. Acoustic upright bass and a grand piano parked within two feet of the subs required less EQ to get more gain before feedback than I would have expected using bass reflex subs.

Low frequency output was great, even on some trance dance music I heard nothing in the headphones lower than what the subs were putting out.

Art Welter
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Old 20th June 2011, 06:29 PM   #48
tb46 is offline tb46  United States
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Default Drawing for Keystone Sub

Hi Y'all,

Had a little extra time this weekend, and came up with a drawing of Art's sub. Art may have some information to improve the accuracy (as I don't really know what he actually build), but at least this puts the basic construction hints and data in one place.

Regards,
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File Type: pdf Keystone_sub_dwg_1.pdf (51.7 KB, 366 views)
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Last edited by tb46; 20th June 2011 at 06:35 PM.
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Old 20th June 2011, 08:01 PM   #49
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Quote:
Originally Posted by tb46 View Post
Hi Y'all,

Had a little extra time this weekend, and came up with a drawing of Art's sub. Art may have some information to improve the accuracy (as I don't really know what he actually build), but at least this puts the basic construction hints and data in one place.

Regards,
Oliver,

Good job with the drawing, pretty close to what I built.

As built, the expansion is even from S1 to S5, there are no side expansion ramps as shown on your drawing upper right.

The baffle has a 1 degree angle at the bottom, horn A has a 5 and 3 degree angle.

The actual cabinet uses nine braces inside. Two “wing braces” connecting the baffle to the Keystone front panel two “brace 1”, two brace 2, one brace 3, one brace 4, one brace 5. All braces have angles, best determined when lofting the cabinet.

The 3/4” x 3/4” vertical cleats around the removable Keystone grill (29 and 7/16” tall) were omitted in my line drawing.

Art Welter
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File Type: jpg Keystone Sub.jpg (40.2 KB, 381 views)
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Old 20th June 2011, 08:07 PM   #50
tb46 is offline tb46  United States
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Hi Art,

Well, at least I got close :-). Thanks for the additional notes (they are hard to read though).

Regards,
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