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Old 21st July 2010, 09:50 PM   #11
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Join Date: Jul 2010
Thanks all... did not notice the 'enlarge' button down there

I see what you mean about the traditional horn yielding a better result. I have spent a few hours reading up on offset driver horns , and I think I am getting the hang of it, but will need to spend some more time.

My aim is to have the response reasonably flat between 30Hz and 100Hz. What happens above that doesn't interest me because I will be using both low and high pass filters to keep the input between 30Hz and 100Hz approximately.

While I have read three or four different versions of horn design tutorials, I'm not sure where some of the numbers come from. I am running late for work at the moment but will post more n00b questions a bit later.

Thanks to all for your help so far
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Old 22nd July 2010, 12:09 PM   #12
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Join Date: Jul 2010
OK I am having a little trouble with the OD horn design I hope to use. Have attached a diagram of my understanding of it.

S1 = The cross sectional area at the "dead end" of the horn. If these two surfaces mate with no flat bit at the end, this will be zero.

S2 = The cross sectional area at the centre point of the driver.

S3 = ??? This one I don't quite get... How do you know how far along the horn this is?? I remember reading somewhere it should be the same distance from the centre line of the driver to S1 as it is from the centre line of the driver to S2. Is this correct? Does S2 even matter if the flare angle is constant the whole length of the horn? If the flare angle is constant, can there be only S1 (start of horn) S2 (area at centre line of driver) and S3 (area at horn mouth)?

S4 = The cross sectional area at the mouth of the horn.

L12 = Distance from S1 to S2
L23 = Distance from S2 to S3
L34 = Distance from S3 to S4

Do I understand correctly??

In deciding the size of S2, is it right that I should aim for an area that is approximately a quarter of the driver Sd? (And tweak in hornresp for best spl graph)??
Attached Images
File Type: png ODHorn.png (5.2 KB, 143 views)
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Old 22nd July 2010, 12:58 PM   #13
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Join Date: Jul 2010
bjorno: looking through your screenshots there, I see a ton of the TS specs are different. I gather this is because you adapted them for voice coils in series rather than in parallel. Could you explain how you arrived at each of those numbers?

I also see some numbers pertaining to throat chamber... where does the throat chamber fit into the diagram I posted above?
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Old 28th July 2010, 11:42 AM   #14
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OK I think I have sort of gotten my head around this. After a few attempts at coming up with a design that's small enough for me to be happy to have it in my house, I've arrived at this.

Since I'm no expert, and its going to take a lot of time and sheet material, I would really appreciate some scrutiny of this design... I know its not perfect, but as long as I can confirm it will work as predicted, I will start building it.

Frequency response is essentially flat between 40 and 90Hz, output SPL is reasonably high and excursion can be kept to a minimum within that frequency range. I'll be implementing a 40Hz high pass filter for use with this unit.

Have attached a screenshot with the details and the Autocad 2011 DWG file. Please note I have somewhere between very few and zero CAD skills, so the drawing is very very rough and a lot of it is just eyeballed. Despite that, I'm hoping its accurate enough to get a reliable result when constructed.

Thanks in advance!
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File Type: png FourthAttempt.png (117.2 KB, 109 views)
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Old 28th July 2010, 11:50 AM   #15
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Join Date: Jul 2010
Here are the details in plain text in case that is useful:

External Dimensions - 1159x747x636
Construction - 18mm MDF
S1 - 150cm2
S2 - 150cm2
S3 - 2200cm2
L12 - 178cm
L23 - 270cm Approx
Vrc - 24 Litres
Atc - 514.8cm2
Vtc - 926.64
Ltc - 1.8cm


Thiele Small
------------
Sd - 514.72
Cms - 2.10E-04
Mmd - 139
Re - 1.7
Bl - 9.99
Rms - 8.14
Le - Unknown - Assumed to be 1mH
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Old 30th July 2010, 01:25 PM   #16
epa is offline epa  Netherlands
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Location: amsterdam
Quote:
Originally Posted by shaggerz View Post
OK I think I have sort of gotten my head around this. After a few attempts at coming up with a design that's small enough for me to be happy to have it in my house, I've arrived at this.

Since I'm no expert, and its going to take a lot of time and sheet material, I would really appreciate some scrutiny of this design... I know its not perfect, but as long as I can confirm it will work as predicted, I will start building it.

Frequency response is essentially flat between 40 and 90Hz, output SPL is reasonably high and excursion can be kept to a minimum within that frequency range. I'll be implementing a 40Hz high pass filter for use with this unit.

Have attached a screenshot with the details and the Autocad 2011 DWG file. Please note I have somewhere between very few and zero CAD skills, so the drawing is very very rough and a lot of it is just eyeballed. Despite that, I'm hoping its accurate enough to get a reliable result when constructed.

Thanks in advance!
looks good get the jigsaw
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Old 30th July 2010, 01:34 PM   #17
AndrewT is offline AndrewT  Scotland
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Join Date: Jul 2004
Location: Scottish Borders
Hi,
Re=1r7 and you are using dual parallel coils.
Does that mean you have paralleled a pair of 4ohm VC to make an equivalent 2ohm driver?

If so then 2.83V of input is ~4W of input. You should reduce that to 1.41V for a 2ohm speaker, or wire the dual 4ohm in series to give an effective 8ohm driver to suit the 2.83V drive signal.
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Old 30th July 2010, 01:38 PM   #18
AndrewT is offline AndrewT  Scotland
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Join Date: Jul 2004
Location: Scottish Borders
Quote:
Originally Posted by shaggerz View Post
The TS specs given are specified as being with the 4 ohm voice coils wired in parallel, giving a 2 ohm load, but the amp is not two ohm stable, and I have a 600 watt (bridged into 8 ohm) amp I might want to use instead. If I wire the voice coils in series to get an 8 ohm load, will this alter the TS specs in such a way that my design is no longer tuned the way I want??
why bridge?
you have a two channel amplifier rated to drive >=4ohms.
You have a dual VC driver with each VC rated at 4ohms.
Just couple each amplifier channel to it's own VC.
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Old 30th July 2010, 01:49 PM   #19
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Quote:
Originally Posted by AndrewT View Post
Hi,
Re=1r7 and you are using dual parallel coils.
Does that mean you have paralleled a pair of 4ohm VC to make an equivalent 2ohm driver?

If so then 2.83V of input is ~4W of input. You should reduce that to 1.41V for a 2ohm speaker, or wire the dual 4ohm in series to give an effective 8ohm driver to suit the 2.83V drive signal.
Yes - a pair of 4 ohm coils. I never thought of using an amp channel per coil... excellent suggestion

Regarding Re:1.7 and amplifier voltage, is this just important for the simulation? i.e. changing the voltage will change the response curve?

Also note I have spent the $15 on a Bill Fitzmaurice plan for the Tuba 30. I reckon if I'm going to build this thing I'm going to do it right. I am aware I will probably need to buy a new driver to put in the Tuba though.
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