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Old 30th November 2009, 01:42 AM   #21
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Patrick,
You mention, over in "that other thread", that you couldn't export a Hornresp design to Akabak because of a decreasing area section. You probably have a version of Hornresp earlier than 23.20. I identified the problem and suggested a fix a few months ago, and David implemented the fix shortly afterwards.

(I tried to post in "that" thread, but my diymobileaudio user account is borked - I lost the confirmation email when I opened the account and I'm permanently in "voyer" (sic) mode. I've asked for it to be fixed, but no response.)

Peter,
I was just looking at the photos you posted (on the other forum). There's a set of impact marks on the edge of the pole piece, and I doubt that they were caused by the voice coil. Note that I'm not suggesting that you put them there. They could equally have been there since manufacture. They just look funny, is all.
As for the event itself, well, **it happens. Lambros clearly understands that. It's not like you set out to deliberately blow it up - or went out to club baby seals to death with it.
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Old 30th November 2009, 12:48 PM   #22
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Hello Don
my name is Brian / I noticed the marks on the pole piece as well and it looks as if the piece had been dropped / no way for me to have made that on the pole piece / it was that way when i opened it up to investigate / i would not have been able to strike it without scaring the top plate as well !!! it came that wat built ! im sure of it / but weather it is the murder weapon or not is susspect...????
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Old 30th November 2009, 08:30 PM   #23
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Brian,
Sorry about the name mixup, it's something I do a lot... I even forgot my wife's name once. I went to introduce her to a friend, and my mind went blank... that was 15 years ago. I've never been allowed to forget the event, or her name, since.

The mark looks a little like it's been smoothed down with emery paper, which implies it happened during manufacture. I tried to figure out what caused the coil damage, but there are too many variables. One explanation consistent with the visible damage is that there was an obstruction at the bottom of the gap such as a piece of swarf or a piece chipped off one of the magnets, unlikely as it may seem.

Anyway, Lambro is the best person to perform the post mortem. What we can do is learn from it. With Patrick's excellent explanation of why we need subsonic filters, and the dramatic evidence of what happens if we don't use one, I'm convinced.

It's like trying to convince people to bolt their boxes securely into their vehicles. You can point out the dangers until you're blue in the face, but they aren't going to bother until they see someone who's been crushed by a loose sub box.

How to secure a sub enclosure - rec.audio.car | Google Groups
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Old 30th November 2009, 09:43 PM   #24
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Quote:
Originally Posted by David McBean View Post
Hi davygrvy,

Hornresp calculates normal SPL response using a constant input voltage Eg. Maximum SPL response is calculated using a constant input power Pmax (except when the Xmax limit is reached at any frequency).
David, Why are you using constant power? I can't seem to wrap my head around the info the graph is presenting. If you had used constant voltage calculated from the rated impedance for a given power, I could understand the data presented in a more useful manner as all power amps are constant voltage devices unless you're using some silly feedback-less tube amp that has a damping factor much less than 1. Only then does power come closer to constant.

Maybe it shows the limits of possible EQ correction, yet a maximum output voltage the power amp has to provide is not part of the data given and would still require an outside calculation given the impedance data set.

Quote:
As I said in my previous message, it is important to understand the difference between input power and input voltage :-)
I do, thank you. And I'm glad you gave me a confirm HR isn't presenting what I want to see.
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Old 30th November 2009, 10:00 PM   #25
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Don Hills View Post
It's like trying to convince people to bolt their boxes securely into their vehicles. You can point out the dangers until you're blue in the face, but they aren't going to bother until they see someone who's been crushed by a loose sub box.
[start-threadjack]

LOL - I didn't need much convincing. In my previous car, the box was secured by four bolts to the front, and screwed down in the back. It met its end in a head-on collision with a tree - Brian Steele's Photos - P5182 | Facebook. The box didn't budge. Lost the subs though - basket and magnet structure look fine, but the subs start to whine after they see power for awhile.

In my current car, the sub is in the spare tire well, and bolted down using the same bolt that used to keep the tire in place. To be honest I'm more concerned about a rear-end collision shearing the top off and sending it through the back seat, so I may implement something different in a year or so.

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Old 1st December 2009, 07:45 AM   #26
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Hi davygrvy,

Quote:
Originally Posted by davygrvy View Post
Why are you using constant power? I can't seem to wrap my head around the info the graph is presenting.
A loudspeaker drive unit fails for two main reasons - excess power (heat) or excess diaphragm displacement. The Maximum SPL chart displayed in Hornresp is the standard accepted method for showing the SPL performance envelope of a driver, given these two limiting failure conditions.

As far as explaining the information that the graph is presenting, I canít do any better than to repeat the Maximum SPL description given in the Hornresp Help file:

"Displays the maximum sound pressure level in decibels that can be achieved at 1 metre without exceeding the rated thermal limited electrical input power Pmax or the diaphragm linear mean-to-peak displacement limit Xmax, versus frequency in hertz."

Quote:
Originally Posted by davygrvy View Post
If you had used constant voltage calculated from the rated impedance for a given power, I could understand the data presented in a more useful manner.
Doesnít using the Calculate Parameter tool to find the value of Eg required for a given input power and load impedance, and then looking at the normal SPL chart, give you what you want? Am I missing something here?

Quote:
Originally Posted by davygrvy View Post
Yet a maximum output voltage the power amp has to provide is not part of the data given.
Hopefully by now, you would agree that it should be :-).

The power rating of a constant voltage amplifier based on some nominal stated load impedance is a virtually meaningless parameter when it comes to considering the performance of a drive unit which has a frequency-dependent electrical impedance that at some frequencies is quite different to the nominal constant load resistance used to rate the amplifier. Note that Re is not a good indicator of the impedance of a driver, as it applies at 0 hertz (dc) only.

Note also that in these considerations, it is the power performance of the drive unit that is of interest (as given by Pmax) and not the power rating of the amplifier.

Kind regards,

David
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Old 1st December 2009, 11:52 AM   #27
djk is offline djk
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The middle photo on post #22 tells a story.

It looks like the cone left the gap on the TOP side, then slammed into the pole piece on its way back into the gap.

I had this happen many years ago on a 15. When it hung up on top it eventually overheated and burst into flame. A fire extinguisher was needed at the school dance where this happened. The janitor ruined the good woofer too. Fortunately there were still six 15s in three other double 15 cabinets that were OK.
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Old 1st December 2009, 12:30 PM   #28
breez is offline breez  Finland
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Quote:
Originally Posted by David McBean View Post
The power rating of a constant voltage amplifier based on some nominal stated load impedance is a virtually meaningless parameter when it comes to considering the performance of a drive unit which has a frequency-dependent electrical impedance that at some frequencies is quite different to the nominal constant load resistance used to rate the amplifier. Note that Re is not a good indicator of the impedance of a driver, as it applies at 0 hertz (dc) only.

Note also that in these considerations, it is the power performance of the drive unit that is of interest (as given by Pmax) and not the power rating of the amplifier.

Kind regards,

David
When you calculate the dissipated power do you use just the power dissipated in the voice coil (i^2 * Re) or power dissipated in the whole system (i^2 * real(Z))? I think a power efficiency figure which is a ratio of acoustic output to voice coil dissipated power would be the most reasonable given that it is the voice coil heating which is limiting our power handling.
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Old 1st December 2009, 04:16 PM   #29
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I think Hornresp shows the amount of energy that the speaker draws. (the energy of the added resistance is not included as it could just as well be emulated)
It also shows the efficiency of which the system converts the drawn energy to sound, both in % and watts.
Just calculate what the dissipated energy would be.

Doing W = V^2 / R on exported data to get power comes out different then sample tool so I might be missing something or doing it wrong.

David will probably straighten it out.


A voltage graph for the max spl tool would be nice though, but sampling it works ok if you know there to start looking.
an optional wattage graph for SPL would also be nice, might remove some confusion in regards to power vs voltage.
Although adding a second unit to the graph might be bad. How about a popup window?
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Old 1st December 2009, 06:26 PM   #30
sssnake is offline sssnake  United States
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Quote:
The middle photo on post #22 tells a story.

It looks like the cone left the gap on the TOP side, then slammed into the pole piece on its way back into the gap.
Ding, ding, ding... we have a winner. Also, if the woofer is run so that it very nearly jumps the gap you can get a rubbing that tends to look like "emery paper" was used.

LB, I know that you got beat up on the other site and it is certainly not my intention to do so here... I have two sons that both have several thousand watt systems in their vehicles and have seen this failure more than once (this ignores the time I spent as an installer). Overexcursion is hard to predict because it is very dependent on the box design and implementation. The sims can predict one thing but performance is usually quite different. This happens for a variety of reasons including difference in speaker parameters, leaks in the box, aerodynamics associated with the loading of the driver to the enclosure (assuming something other than a sealed enclosure) or loading of the driver to the environment (e.g. corner loading).

The bright side of this is you are not out of pocket any $ and I'm sure that you are learning a great deal.
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