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Old 9th October 2006, 11:29 PM   #411
PWatts is offline PWatts  South Africa
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A few comments after having just spent a few hours trying to restore the old MK2's boards:

Krell really should've gone through the trouble to clean up their solder flux. There's so much of the stuff on the bottom that it looks like Maple syrup. Although the frequencies are low, it's not good for crosstalk.

The mystery cap next to the feedback electrolytics is a 20pF, in parallel with the 20k feedback resistor (running from the output to the LTP inverting input).

I hope the cap just reads very funny, since the 62pF's have the letters "620" printed on it. It may perhaps be 62x10^0 = 62, but I'll still measure one up to be on the safe side.

I think I should mention too that I didn't connect the mounting holes to anything for protection sake. On the original these holes were connected to the respective voltage rails for improved juice to the output stage on which the standoffs were mounted, but I decided against it since there's a wire running to it anyway. Those who really want the juice should run an extra wire or use a ring lug to connect the standoffs to the rails again.
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Old 10th October 2006, 06:36 AM   #412
hukou is offline hukou  China
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Default look my ksa100mkii


http://www.hifidiy.net/bbs/dispbbs.a...D=38035&page=1
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Old 10th October 2006, 06:36 AM   #413
zly1980 is offline zly1980  China
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to PWatts:is mk2 clone

to Mark:
http://www.myhifidiy.com/
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Old 10th October 2006, 07:12 AM   #414
PWatts is offline PWatts  South Africa
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Whoops sorry I linked to the wrong board
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Old 11th October 2006, 07:01 AM   #415
PWatts is offline PWatts  South Africa
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OK, after receiving a few emails about various ideas for the KMA boards it seems like everybody wants support for something else at varying degrees of complexity. Trying to accommodate everybody will lead to a very bulky and inefficient layout.

The board I'm designing for myself is long and narrow, specifically to fit in a KSA100 MK1 in the area between the PSU caps and the heatsinks, that will be upgraded with the Mk2 clone boards. In the centre of the board the soft-start relay and resistor will be, and the regulator sections at the sides. The outermost cap on each side will have a 20VA toroidal with dual secondaries (47 and 42VAC) each. The two respective sides of the board will have two regulators for each channel's LTP and driver pair. The 52V driver will have a two stage regulator (65 to 58 to 52V) and the LTP a three stage one (58 to 52 to 45 to 39). All will be based more or less on the KMA ones, which are standard zener-followers, with a few improvements and SMD components in some of the non-critical areas to save space.

Since I doubt that this board would be very popular with most people here, those wanting KMA support should either use stripboard or somebody should design a more generic version with various degrees of complexity to keep everybody happy.
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Old 11th October 2006, 07:46 AM   #416
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Default Dont complicate this project, we want the boards now!

Quote:
I think a seperate power supply thread is a good idea and those knowledgable in power supply design might want to start one. But for now please lets ust keep this thread going forword so we can get the boards made and at least one amp up and running to prove the board.

Mark
Thats exactly the right thing to do as Mark suggested in post #390: a separate tread in "Power Supply Design" We could for example call it KSA power project or what ever.

PWatts: If you dont have done it, add some jumper pads (or socket pads) for the option to split the LTP power rails, driver stage etc.. for a separate stabilized multi power supply (-board) for those who want it . I dont think this will change the complexity of the board from what it is right now? But dont think of it, if this will demand a re-design of the board .

Right now I think the prototype board should be built for testing and evaluating, or....what next? Keep on going PWatts

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Old 11th October 2006, 09:32 AM   #417
PWatts is offline PWatts  South Africa
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Flodstroem, Mark has submitted the prototype boards for manufacture yesterday after I mailed him the final Gerbers. Unless the prototype goes up in smoke or something serious is wrong, my part is (for the time being) is done so I'm not letting the KMA stuff get in the way of the Mk2 boards.

And yes, there is indeed a jumper to separate the LTP and driver power, each with their own happy variety of decoupling caps.

I'll try to take a load of pictures and gather as much information of both the Mk1 and Mk2 I currently have for those who might be inteerested to recreate them as faithfully as possible.

About the KMA stages, it really isn't very complex except that those wanting a simple one will have to use a much larger board than they need to accommodate all the functions.

Besides the normal stuff such as caps, resistors, diodes etc., it may also be good to make it a "controller board" to house a delayed startup for the output stage - a well regulated supply for the LPT and drivers will start up slower than the output stage, and may lead to all kinds of nasty sounds on the speakers until it settles, especially if the regulated rails do not start up simultaneously. The circuit I'm going to build simulates a hefty 30 seconds to reach full voltage although it will be usable quite earlier.

A simple timing circuit on the board will be useful to keep everything together, and a variety of footprints for lots of relay sizes can be used. This is a purer option than to put a relay in series with the speaker outputs. While using relays you can just as well add a second one for the soft-start - the thermister in the MK1 got way too hot. If going for a compact layout all of it can be squeezed in a rather tight area, but since I'm going to use SMD stuff for most due to very constained space I doubt if my design will be helpful.

However, depending on my time I'll try to take spectral measurements with my Audio Precision of the noise levels of the various supplies (unregulated, regulated with different component values and stages etc.). I can tell you now however that the pure DC from the main bus will have a massive 50Hz component and harmonics. On the output of the Mk1 it was larger than the 1kHz input signal's harmonics, and was modulated in healthy doses around the 1kHz fundamental as well. If that's the way it looks on the amplifier output, it will be much worse on the DC rails due to the PSRR of the amp. Seen in that light, even a simple RC network for the drivers and LTP will already do a lot of good.

Not intending to start a massive discussion, but it was interesting to measure that the good old LM317 if properly implemented has a substantially lower noise floor than many of the modern stuff (excluding Linear Technology but their high price tag indicates it). The newer REG1117 from TI is very popular but in fact it performs worse; like 20dB worse. And batteries.. well unless you use a massive capacitor bank and some with a much larger Ah rating than what you figured you would need, they often performed worse than properly mains-filtered and regulated supplies. Under no-load they perform much better, but the moment they are loaded the performance rapidly drops with the mains regulated ones remaining far more stable. Moral of the story: only use batteries if you need ground isolation or if it's for very low current applications; use a lot of them and a large low-ESR capacitor bank too.

BTW the Omron relays used in the original Mk2 is still in production and are damn good with four large contacts wired in parallel and produce a hefty clunk when switched. They are $25 dollars at RS Components, meaning you can probably get them for around $10 at normal vendors.
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Old 11th October 2006, 09:58 AM   #418
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Default Good news!

Quote:
Flodstroem, Mark has submitted the prototype boards for manufacture yesterday after I mailed him the final Gerbers. Unless the prototype goes up in smoke or something serious is wrong, my part is (for the time being) is done so I'm not letting the KMA stuff get in the way of the Mk2 boards.
Thanks PWatts that was good news, indeed

Ok, now we had to wait for a proto to be up and going . Guess you PWatts is a little bit excited for the boards function?

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Old 11th October 2006, 12:33 PM   #419
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Default KRELL transformer information:

Hi

I have received an answer from Avel Lindberg, former transformer supplier to Krell Electronics.

Avel have confirmed that they can produce the original "Super Quiet" mk-II transformer

Further, Avel informed me that the difference between mk-I and mk-II was that the mk-II was a "Super-Quiet" version of the mk-I transformer. This lead to an increase in heights of the mk-II steel-can. except from that, all electrical data and flexible lead colors are the same.

Because there is two transformers in a stereo-unit, the original transformer is well suited for to build either stereo or mono block versions.

If there is any interests in this Forum for to order the original mk-II transformer I would like to help with this. I know nothing about price-levels for the moment only a request for quotation kan tell. But if there is somebody who wants to get a quotation: take contact with me.

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Old 12th October 2006, 07:16 AM   #420
Jozua is offline Jozua  South Africa
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Default Transformers

Flodstroem

Any idea of what the cost will be ?

What is the exact VA rating of these transformers according to Avel L. ?


JH
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