Subwoofer amplifier goals and decisions ..
I've been searching for a good thread that lists all the information
on building a sub/bass amplifier and it's constraints ...
So i would like to ask you all knowledge people ,
to list and talk about the details implicated in building a
good subwoofer amplifier in general
( not for a particular sub unit )
What are the limitations in this kind of amplifier?
What can we "cut" to save because of absence of high frequencies ( this amp needs to be good working up to 1KHz max)
Wich is the best method for low Hz power and precision ?
From what i read, our ears do not perceive good resolution in the 500hz and lower region, so could we compromise sound qualiyt for Oumph and power without any perceived degradation in sound quality ?
what kind of design is best suited for this application...
and also specify electronics that require special needs for lower Hz region ( PSU requirements? sotrage caps? wiring ? current? )
Thanks all for your time!
for starters you have to take into consideration the driver - your amp should be rated way higher than the driver - to avoid clipping damage to the driver
next is the input circuitry consideration - this is where i find most people turning a blind eye a powered sub is not an amp and spk in a box
you have to be good at the input circuitry - 24 db cross over beow 200 hz + active bass linear correction network + a good quality parametric equalizer + a bass boost
if you opt for the linear bass correction network it will give you linear bass spl upto 20 hz that requires heavy amplification + power supply
best choice for such an amp will be a rugged - mosfet - more in parallel the better regardless of the power rating
the power supply should be bifiliar winding primary + secondary = with 2 bridge rectifiers and lots of capacitance 1,00,000 for starters per rail
and the va best at 2 X (times) the power rating
if you go in for all this the next would be the box - you need a real rock solid enclosure
then you can really push lows as much as you like
transducer design engineer
thank you for the info! :)
I don't really understand what you are talking about in terms of input circuitry...is low pass with quality harder to realise than a high pass filter?
personally my next project for sub is a 15 or 18" transfer line
with an external amplifier ( might just sit on top of it )
something in the 8 to 10' long enclosure ..typical taper TL design
i do not have any good resssources for the driver yet, so i do not know of any specs ..
this will be ultimatl played in conjunction of a pair of ESL pannels
for md and highs, and the crossover point shoould be set in the 500hz region ( 500 to 700hz )
Capacitance storage is really needed that much ?
why is bass harder to drive than highs?
is it because of the excursion of the drivers that asks for more current?
paralell mosfet is a la "slone" optimos design right?
this is a trade off for power on higher distort?
is there any parts of amplification that we do not need to take care of when working only with sub 1Khz ?
low freq. amp design
A good sub amp is usually direct coupled to the speaker. Best to use op-amps for the active low-pass filters for the input, can make the Fc adjustable with a pot. Most sub woofers don't respond well above 100Hz, and as freq. increases, so does the inductance reactance of the speaker coil. The most important thing is that it has a stable DC bias. If you use an OP-AMP for the differential amp stage, a very stable DC bias is possible, and you get no :hot:
Don't expect to get high freq. responce from an OP-AMP diff. circuit on account of the slew rate. But for low freq., this may work well.
Anyway this can seriously simplify your project. :D
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