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Aksa Lender P-mos Hybrid Aleph (ALPHA) Amplifier
Aksa Lender P-mos Hybrid Aleph (ALPHA) Amplifier
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Old 29th January 2018, 03:05 AM   #1
xrk971 is online now xrk971  United States
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Aksa Lender P-mos Hybrid Aleph (ALPHA) Amplifier
Default Aksa Lender P-mos Hybrid Aleph (ALPHA) Amplifier

Following in the footsteps of the Aksa Lender preamp, Hugh and I have been working on a Class A power amp that uses the Aksa Lender front end. We wanted a SE Class A amp with more efficiency than a simple CCS so we decided to try using the very nice Pass Aleph (dynamic bias) CCS. Hugh is using a P-MOSFET as the lower output device, so this is sort of a hybrid, modified Aleph. It is a very simple 6 active amp with no fancy unobtanium JFETs, SITs, hockey pucks, power JFETs, fairy dust Sony FETs, or signal transformers. If you look at the prototype built on veroboard, you will see the usual low cost stuff. The fanciest part I have is a 10uF Silmic II input cap. The rest of the caps are budget Aliexpress. I like to proto with cheap parts, that way there is less pressure in case it flops I am using genuine Vishay IRFP's from Mouser though.

Here is the basic circuit and predicted performance specs (it's good for about 20w with 24v rails):
Click the image to open in full size.

The circuit uses Hugh's Aksa Lender preamp front end with an Aleph CCS on the top, and a P-channel MOSFET on the bottom driven directly from the Aksa Lender LTP. No CCS on the LTP needed.

Hugh also worked on a monster version of this amp with +/-35v rails and 150w of dissipation per channel to make 53wrms into 8ohm before clipping. To get things rolling, I opted for the +/-24v rail version at a more modest bias of 1.2amps. Slowly work my way up in bias current and then maybe rail voltage (with bigger output devices).

So here is the prototype on a tiny 5cm x 7cm veroboard with two MOSFETs hanging off one end right next to each other. Why so close together? I wanted to use a computer CPU heatsink with heatpipes to cool them - in anticipation of 140w later on. This amp was particularly difficult for me to get running because I made so many wiring errors (a problem when you build it in the wee hours of the morning after a full day of work). Once I found all my errors, the amp fired up no problem. I matched the beta's of the input LTP KSA992's and got perfect 0mV DC offset with no trimpot. You will notice that the tiny (relatively speaking for a Class A) hetsink is fan cooled and has lots of heat pipes (which normally work flipped the other way unless they have capillary wicking inside). But I found them quite effective upside down even as temp was 31C with 55w dissipation. These are salvaged Dell heatsinks for workstation, about $12 to $15. For the record, I am using 1000uF 35v on C3, 22pF NP0 on C4 and C9, and 4x2.2nF (8.8nF) MKT film on C7, 0.47R on R17 and 0.15R on R18. I also have an input RFI filter consisting of 2k2 in series before C1 and a 220pF MKT cap to GND, and 100uF 63v on C2. On C5 and C6 I am using 220uF 100v caps. i had a nice 220uF Silmic II but it was too big to keep on the board and still let me see the resistors unerneath when I was debugging. Otherwise, parts are used as shown on schematic.
Click the image to open in full size.

Closeup of the amp:
Click the image to open in full size.

Without heatsinks (I eventually removed the Silmic II 220uF 50v Aleph feedback cap to make room for debugging):
Click the image to open in full size.

Listened to it for a few tracks and must say, it sounds quite nice and engaging. I know the sound. Foot tapping good - typical Hugh Dean style amp.

So here is the first measurement of this simple unassuming amp that takes the best of all worlds. 1kHz 2.83vrms into 8ohms and we get 0.027%THD but in typical Aksa style, mostly in second harmonic, and 10x less in third harmonic, and not much else. This is running well below the recommended 2.0amp bias. So I expect the THD to drop. But the noise floor looks great - actually very good for a linear PSU - perhaps the best I have I seen for one of my linear PSU amps. I am using a basic 100VA donut with 18VAC and a Project16/Prasi CRC PSU with 22mF caps all around and 0.235R on the CRC.
Click the image to open in full size.

I will try boosting the bias current next, and then maybe try to go for the monster 53wrms amp with 35v rails

Hope you enjoy it - and if enough interest, JPS64 can design a splendid PCB for us to use. Thanks to Hugh for another gem to the DIYA community. And thank you to Mr Pass for the wonderful Aleph CCS.

Here is the latest Schematic for the Big Boy 52W version - now at a little under 3amps bias and 90W dissipation per side, still need two CPU coolers per channel.

Click the image to open in full size.

Edit Feb 11, 2018: the Alpha 20 PCB is finally built and tested.
Click the image to open in full size.

It measures very well here with 1.31amps bias and produces 0.0069%THD for 2.86vrms into 8ohms:
Click the image to open in full size.

ALPHA 20W schematics and stuffing guide for v4 (production boards) here:
Aksa Lender P-mos Hybrid Aleph (ALPHA) Amplifier

Click the image to open in full size.

Click the image to open in full size.

Click the image to open in full size.

Edit Feb 20, 2018:
BOM v1 for ALPHA 20W PCB layout v4 (above schematic) here:
Aksa Lender P-mos Hybrid Aleph (ALPHA) Amplifier

Edit Mar 5, 2018: premium components build ALPHA20:
Click the image to open in full size.

It does indeed eek out a bit lower distortion with Vishay Dale resistors and all Wima and Silmic caps, now about under 0.006%THD for 2.75vrms into 8ohms:
Click the image to open in full size.

Edit March 25, 2018 - Alpha 20 for 4ohm loads version:
Aksa Lender P-mos Hybrid Aleph (ALPHA) Amplifier

Ignore the triple outputs - purely used to simulate a single larger 500W capable IXYS MOSFET pair which will not need to be matched. Hugh does not recommend using triple output IRFP’s

Click the image to open in full size.

Edit April 4, 2018: BigBoy is alive and singing! The Beta build went together almost perfectly. Only one minor circuit error on the grounding of the LTP smoothing cap (fixed with a jumper). Amp starts up uneventfully and without any adjustment to achieve 3.0amps bias current and 1mV DC offset.

Click the image to open in full size.

Here is 34wrms into 8ohms from +/-27.6v rails:
Click the image to open in full size.

Here is FFT at 2.84vrms into 8ohms:
Click the image to open in full size.

Edit April 4, 2018 - here is the updated as-built schematic for Alpha 20 with 1.35amp bias and no turn-on thump feature. Note that if all pots are removed the amp is a simple adjustment-free Class A amp with DC coupled output that has DC offset within 10mV (typical) and self-tracking, bias current is auto-regulated and very stable:
Click the image to open in full size.

Edit April 7, 2018: Alpha B.B. in stereo!
Click the image to open in full size.

FFT of Alpha BB at 2.85vrms into 8ohms
Click the image to open in full size.

Edit April 10, 2018: Summary of various settings to change amplifier configuration bias setpoinysnand speaker impedance driving capabilities. Courtesy of Danny_66: Aksa Lender P-mos Hybrid Aleph (ALPHA) Amplifier

Edit April 13, 2018: Simulation LTSpice files of Alpha 20 4R and 8R by Danny_66 here:
Aksa Lender P-mos Hybrid Aleph (ALPHA) Amplifier

Edit April 19, 2018: 10kHz 17vpp square wave into 8ohms on Alpha BB:
Click the image to open in full size.
Attached Images
File Type: png ALPHA-20W-Pchan-Schematic.png (287.2 KB, 6561 views)
File Type: jpg ALPHA-Prototype-Working-01.jpg (450.6 KB, 6493 views)
File Type: jpg ALPHA-Prototype-Working-02.jpg (463.3 KB, 6771 views)
File Type: jpg Alpha-1.19amp-2.83vrms-8ohms-FFT.jpg (146.1 KB, 6684 views)
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Last edited by xrk971; 19th April 2018 at 07:03 PM.
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Old 29th January 2018, 03:59 AM   #2
Vunce is offline Vunce  United States
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Aksa Lender P-mos Hybrid Aleph (ALPHA) Amplifier
Looks great! Id be in for another GB.
How would this amp match with the AKSA Lender preamp?
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Old 29th January 2018, 04:02 AM   #3
xrk971 is online now xrk971  United States
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Aksa Lender P-mos Hybrid Aleph (ALPHA) Amplifier
Hi Vunce,
It would work very well with a lower gain Aksa Lender preamp as it has 27dB gain already built in. The Aksa Lender pre would just be a very nice low noise volume controller "preamp" in this case with no need to reach heroic levels of 40Vpp.
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Old 29th January 2018, 04:03 AM   #4
xrk971 is online now xrk971  United States
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Aksa Lender P-mos Hybrid Aleph (ALPHA) Amplifier
Default Big Boy ALPHA 55W

Here is the Big Boy version of the ALPHA with 3 pairs of IRFP outputs, good for 55w into 8ohms with 35v rails and 100w into 4ohms!

Aksa Lender P-mos Hybrid Aleph (ALPHA) Amplifier-alpha-55w-pchan-schematic-png

Any takers?
Attached Images
File Type: png ALPHA-55W-Pchan-Schematic.png (146.6 KB, 6042 views)
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Last edited by xrk971; 29th January 2018 at 04:15 AM.
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Old 29th January 2018, 04:10 AM   #5
zman01 is online now zman01  Bangladesh
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Aksa Lender P-mos Hybrid Aleph (ALPHA) Amplifier
X,

Great work by Hugh and yourself, and the harmonic profile signature looks familiar.

Should be a nice amp to build for the DIY community.

Last edited by zman01; 29th January 2018 at 04:14 AM.
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Old 29th January 2018, 04:29 AM   #6
jwjarch is offline jwjarch  United States
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Definitely interested in the Alpha. How would you say the sound compares to the MoFo, X?
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Old 29th January 2018, 04:34 AM   #7
Vunce is offline Vunce  United States
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Aksa Lender P-mos Hybrid Aleph (ALPHA) Amplifier
This is where the versatility of the ALPre shines, just tailor a set of daughter boards for the ALPHA, plug and play:-)
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Old 29th January 2018, 04:48 AM   #8
xrk971 is online now xrk971  United States
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Aksa Lender P-mos Hybrid Aleph (ALPHA) Amplifier
Quote:
Originally Posted by jwjarch View Post
Definitely interested in the Alpha. How would you say the sound compares to the MoFo, X?
I don't have it in stereo and not connected to my main speaker system so can't really compare. However, I did plug in my headphones in pseudo stereo and it sounds great. Zero background noise with inputs shorted, music is clean, dynamic and very neutral. With the HE400i's it can really make those cans sine with gobs of power. Very articulate bass and clear resounding highs. I would say it sounds a bit drier than MoFo which has maybe almost 8x the H2 distortion. Both have a similar profile though. I am going to wait for JPS64's PCB's this time rather than manually build a stereo second amp.

I think this amp is more neutral in presentation and soundstage and imaging should be just as good as MoFo despite MoFo being zero global feedback.
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Old 29th January 2018, 06:34 AM   #9
xrk971 is online now xrk971  United States
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Aksa Lender P-mos Hybrid Aleph (ALPHA) Amplifier
I switched R17 for a 0.33R metal thin film to boost bias current to 1.62A. Here is the FFT for 2.83vrms into 8ohms, THD is now 0.0096% and mostly H2 (not sure why the PSU is noisier here):
Aksa Lender P-mos Hybrid Aleph (ALPHA) Amplifier-alpha-1-6amp-2-83vrms-8ohms-fft-thin-film-jpg

But if you use a metal oxide 0.33R, you get dominant H3 and higher distortion, so not a good idea to use metal oxide resistors for the source resistor:
Aksa Lender P-mos Hybrid Aleph (ALPHA) Amplifier-alpha-1-6amp-2-83vrms-8ohms-fft-carbon-jpg
Attached Images
File Type: jpg Alpha-1.6amp-2.83vrms-8ohms-FFT-Thin-Film.jpg (145.0 KB, 5958 views)
File Type: jpg Alpha-1.6amp-2.83vrms-8ohms-FFT-Carbon.jpg (145.2 KB, 5930 views)
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Old 29th January 2018, 07:17 AM   #10
jwjarch is offline jwjarch  United States
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Thanks for the preliminary critique X. More neutral may be a good thing in some cases. This is an exciting project. Looking forward to seeing more beautiful pcb's from JPS64.
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