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Old 4th October 2016, 08:33 PM   #51
Bidule is offline Bidule  France
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Quote:
For battery operation I would recommend a series regulator. The shunt regulator will draw the rated current all the time.
SamAnytime, Don't you think that the DAC will always draw around 50 mA as per the data sheet ?
So here, the current draw will allways be about the same whatever the regulator type.
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Old 5th October 2016, 06:55 AM   #52
LLPe is offline LLPe  Denmark
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The problem with a shunt regulator, is that it has to draw an ekstra 20-30% current in order to work proberly, in this case 10-20mA. Not good with a battery powered system.
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Old 5th October 2016, 12:20 PM   #53
Bidule is offline Bidule  France
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Hello,

Thank you for your answers.
Let me try to go a little bit deeper in my global project.
The Project is an all in one Mono portable audio system.
It includes a Raspberry Pi that sends mono and inverted mono to one (balanced) TDA1543 I2S nos DAC with passive I/V and active VRef.
The TDA is direct coupled to a TDA7391LV (11V1 /15 Watt into 3.2 Ohm Amplifier) in balanced Bridge mode.
The amplifier is connected to a small 3" full range speaker.
The complete system is 1.5L in size.

The goals are : the best sound for the lowest count parts at the lowest cost.
So compromises have to be done.

I will make a dedicated thread when everything is finished.

Right now I'm using a Anker Pro Lipo Power Bank that delivers 3x 5V along with 9/12V.
The system is running fine for hours on this bank.
The amplifier gets its 12V direct from the Bank.
The Raspberry Pi gets 5V from one USB port.
The DAC gets 5V from a second USB port.

I have also tested the system on a 2x 5V Power Bank
One 5V port (2100 mAh -> DC-DC 9V -> TDA7391LV)
One 5V port (1000 mAh -> Raspberry Pi and TDA1543)

Based on these tests I want to build my own powerbank / Battery managment and take the opportunity to build better PSUs for the TDA1543 / Vref.

Hence my questions above.

I have a new one thinking about Battery.
All these Power Banks use 3.7V batterry cells and DC-DC converters to get 5V.
This provides a security against battery voltage drop.

So I will use 3x 3.7V 2300 mAh cells, this makes 11.1V / 2300 mAh.

What is the best strategy :
My initial approach:
#1 11.1V -> AMP (The TDA7391LV can work down to 6V)
|_> Linear Regulator (which one ? LT317) -> DAC and Vref
|_> LDO 5V for the Raspberry Pi
Or
#1 11.1V -> DC-DC -> 12V + Gyrator and then feed the amp
|_> Linear Regulator (which one ? LT317) -> DAC and Vref
#2 11.1V -> DC-DC -> 5V for the Raspberry Pi
Or
#1 11.1V -> DC-DC -> 12V + Gyrator and then feed the amp
#2 11.1V -> DC-DC -> 8V -> LDO 5V for the Raspberry Pi
|_> Linear Regulator (which one ? Discrete Shunt) -> DAC and Vref

Any other strategy taking into acount best sound, low parts count (space is limited) and cost.

Thank you for your advises
Jean

Last edited by Bidule; 5th October 2016 at 12:30 PM.
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Old 6th October 2016, 11:46 AM   #54
Bidule is offline Bidule  France
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Ok, my initial solution is bad because too inefficient (power loss).

Same for Solution 2 and 3.

SO:
#1 11.1V -> AMP (The TDA7391LV can work down to 6V)
#2 11.1V -> DC-DC -> 5V for the Raspberry Pi
#3 11.1V -> DC-DC -> 7V-> Linear Regulator (Shunt) -> DAC and Vref
OR
#1 11.1V -> DC-DC -> 12V + Gyrator and then feed the amp
#2 11.1V -> DC-DC -> 5V for the Raspberry Pi
#3 11.1V -> DC-DC -> 7V-> Linear Regulator (Shunt) -> DAC and Vref

Other option, add one cell and put to 2S packs in parallel.
7,4V @ 4600 mAh
#1 7.4V -> DC-DC -> 12V + Gyrator and then feed the amp
#2 7.4V -> Linear Regulator (Shunt) -> DAC and Vref


LAST option (similar to the one I'm using now)
3 cels in parallel (3P pack).
#1 3.7V -> DC-DC -> 12V + Gyrator and then feed the amp
#2 3.7V -> DC-DC -> 5V for the Raspberry Pi
#3 3.7V -> DC-DC -> 7V+ Gyrator -> Linear Regulator (Shunt) -> DAC and Vref

Thank you for your input
Jean
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Old 6th October 2016, 12:01 PM   #55
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Quote:
Originally Posted by DF96 View Post
No. Series elements and shunt elements are equally 'in the signal path'.
Agreed...If it has an "error amplifier" it's in the signal path.

If the error amplifier is not low THD, distortion artifacts appear on the supply rails.
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Old 6th October 2016, 04:05 PM   #56
Bidule is offline Bidule  France
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Taking into acount large current variation if I'm not using Pre DC-DC regulation, I have banned the shunt.

So, taking cost and space into consideration, the options, for the complete system are now :
3 cells in serie 3S pack (around 30€)
#1 11.1V -> AMP (The TDA7391LV can work down to 6V)
-> Linear Regulator (SERIE) -> DAC and Vref
#2 11.1V -> DC-DC -> 5V (XRP7659 : 1,2€) for the Raspberry Pi


OR if it really needs 12V to the amp, then, I would add One cell
2x 2S packs in parallel: 7,4V @ 4600 mAh (around 40€)
#1 7.4V -> DC-DC -> 12V (TPS61088 : 5,81€) + Gyrator
and then feed the amp
and -> Linear Regulator (SERIE) -> DAC and Vref
#2 7.4V -> DCD-DC -> 5V (XRP7659 : 1,2€) for the Raspbery Pi
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Old 6th October 2016, 04:15 PM   #57
Bidule is offline Bidule  France
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Back to the serie regulator.

Does it make sense to replace the 2 green diodes at the Adj pin of the LT317
with a 4.096 V voltage reference LM4040A41IDBZT @ 2,53€.
The Dynamic impedance should again improve vs 2 leds

BUT What about noise ?

There is also the MAX6126A41+

Here, Noise should also improve but price is high @ 5,29€

Any audible improvement ?

Last edited by Bidule; 6th October 2016 at 04:31 PM.
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Old 6th October 2016, 05:49 PM   #58
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The regulators (shunt or series, doesn't matter) control the output voltage. The noise and transient response are governed by the capacitor(s) on the output of the regulators. The 317 IIRC gives you an output 1.2V higher than the voltage at the adj pin. How you derive that voltage is up to you. A simple resistor will do in a pinch, but bias current drift will show in the output. If you are concerned about reference noise, bypass that also with a suitable capacitor.
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Old 17th June 2017, 03:43 PM   #59
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Ken Newton View Post
One unique advantage of shunt reg. is that it prevents the circuit being powered from dynamically loading the supply, consequently removing A.C. currents from the ground return paths.
Very important fact - thank you.
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Old 17th June 2017, 03:59 PM   #60
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Quote:
Originally Posted by AndrewT View Post
Some even think that all ClassA amplifiers/stages draw constant current.
It's fallacies like this that lead unthinking builders down the route of sonic disasters.
I also estimate this (except, when there are unwanted oscillation).
What is wrong on this consideration ?
Quote:
Originally Posted by Vincent77 View Post
Hi cotdt.
You should measure that again... just put a 1 .. 10 ohm resistor in series between the last PSU capacitor and the class A stage, and place a scope across the resistor. Play some bassy music.

You will see a voltage modulated by the audio signal - this means the current is not constant.
You can also see this if you draw the load line of the stage...

The *average* current drawn by the class A stage is constant, not the instant current!
This I will check next time.

Last edited by tiefbassuebertr; 17th June 2017 at 04:15 PM.
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