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Old 2nd February 2013, 01:54 PM   #1
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Default Matching transistors

Hi all,

I'm wondering, how important is it to match each transistor pair?

I mean, how much HFE difference is accepted between a PNP and NPN pair?

Per amp I have:
Pairs 1 & 2:
2 x Hitachi 2SA872 HFE 525
2 x Hitachi 2SC1775 HFE 615

Pair 3:
1 x NEC 2SA634 HFE 166
1 x NEC 2SC 1096 HFE 157

Pair 4:
1 x Toshiba 2SA1943 HFE 98
1 x Toshiba 2SC5200 HFE 93

Any help is valued.....

Kind Regards,
Sjoerd Smits
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Old 2nd February 2013, 02:02 PM   #2
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For transistors of opposite polarity close Hfe matching often is difficult to obtain.

If you match the hfe within 10% the most is good.
If You in addition match the Vb-e at the same time within 20mV You are even better.

I always match mine within just a couple of millivolts.
As for Hfe matching I am very careful to match transistors in differential configuration.

The numbers You are having there looks fine+
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Old 2nd February 2013, 02:06 PM   #3
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Hi,

So these values will do fine? I was thinking the 90 HFE difference would not be ok....

I guess I need to find out how to measure VB-e :-) I get the feeling that is more important!

Thanks!
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Old 2nd February 2013, 03:51 PM   #4
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Difficult to be absolutely shure without knowing how the amps topology is.

If You could post asome schematics, I could see what You could expect.
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Old 2nd February 2013, 04:26 PM   #5
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Default Here's the schematic

Hope you can help me :-)
Attached Files
File Type: pdf HIRAGA SUPER 30W SCH.pdf (16.0 KB, 47 views)
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Old 2nd February 2013, 04:27 PM   #6
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Default Schematic

Here's the schematic as I used it.....
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File Type: png Hiraga Super A 30W.png (37.1 KB, 196 views)
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Old 3rd February 2013, 03:39 PM   #7
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Hi Tandbergen, did you have time to check the schematics yet?

Thanks!
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Old 3rd February 2013, 03:48 PM   #8
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No.
Been out for a while.

The Q2 and Q 4 should be matched, and the Q1 and Q3 should be matched.
When theese are done, the whole input is in balance.
Quite nifty way to obtain it. No need to match between the NPN and PNP.

I would have ensured good thermical contact between Q3, Q4 and the heatsink. Seems as theese are all involved in the bias cirquit for this amp.
The drivers and the output transistors is difficult to get within the same Hfe-range, wich isn't too critical either.
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Old 3rd February 2013, 04:02 PM   #9
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Hi,

Then I'm ok regarding the HFE of my Q1 vs Q3 and Q2 vs Q4.

How do you mean thermal contact? The only ones on heatsinks are Q5 & Q6....
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Old 3rd February 2013, 04:43 PM   #10
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PS: This is not my design.... It's the Hiraga 30 Watt Class A topoligy whitch was upgraded by "Dan".

See: Jean Hiraga's Super Class-A Amplifier

Seemed like a good ideato build this amp :-)
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