Adcom GFA-555 mkII setting problems - diyAudio
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Old 16th April 2012, 07:41 PM   #1
Antonix is offline Antonix  Italy
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Default Adcom GFA-555 mkII setting problems (solved)

Hi,

I have make a total remake of an old Adcom GFA-555 mkII with some upgrade.
I have changed:
all final BJT with MJ21193/4
drivers Q202/302 with NJW3281/1302
drivers Q201/301 with MJE15034/35
predrivers Q105/107 with MJE15035
predriver Q108 with MJE15034
trimmer with multiturn 2K
all other components are the same.
The same for other channel.

Now I have some trouble:
1) The distortion alert LED of channel R in permanently on

2) I have tried to set BIAS for channel R and I have 10mV but the predrivers run very hot.

3) I have tried to set BIAS for channel L but I have no voltage read, if I turn the trimmer I have no changes.

This is results of my measurement:
a) The output DC on speaker out is near 0,04mV on both channel.
b) Voltage referred to ground of collector of
Q103: -87V,
Q108: -12,16V

Q153: -87V,
Q158: -1,7V,
c) Voltage across
R114: -0,82V
R115: -0,04V
R164: -0,81V
R165: -1,35V
d) Voltage on IC 101
PIN 7: 19,79V
PIN 6: 3,9
e) Voltage on IC 151
PIN 7: 19,79V
PIN 6: 3,6
Any suggestions ?

Last edited by Antonix; 6th July 2012 at 04:08 PM.
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Old 16th April 2012, 10:18 PM   #2
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Your amp is toast, or the current gain(hFE) of the new transistors is so different, the bias circuit is too narrow to allow a big enough change to bias one channel.

The constant on dist indicator suggests this circuit is broken, or the amp is oscillating wildly, producing square waves, an o-scope is needed.

Without the schematic, theres not much you can do.
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Old 19th April 2012, 06:22 PM   #3
Antonix is offline Antonix  Italy
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I have tested all components and are all good.

Now I did some tests on right channel input stage:
  • I have disconnected IC 151
  • I have disconnected pin 7, 8 and 10
  • I have dicsonnected the output stage and I have tested only right channel part of input board.

I have this result (the measure are not very accurate because of increasing temperature of transistors).
Attached Images
File Type: jpg pre R primo test copia.jpg (151.2 KB, 148 views)
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Old 1st May 2012, 07:56 PM   #4
Antonix is offline Antonix  Italy
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Now I have replaced the VAS stage transistor with the originals:
Q155, Q157: 2SA1142;
Q158: 2SC2682

Now all transitors of the input stage are the original type.
I have connected the final amp stage, I have setted the bias to 10mV and I have the voltage on:
PIN 7 = -7,5V
PIN 8 = -4,1V
On the speaker out : -5,89V

I think that the problem is on the current regulation of VAS stage but I don't know where.

I have measured the voltage across some resistors:
V(R166) = 0,8V -> I(R166) = 8mA
V(R164) = 0,8V -> I(R164) = 2,6mA
V(R172) = 54V -> I(R172) = 5,4mA
V(R160) = 0,7V -> I(R160) = 5,2mA

Do you have some test points voltage/current measurements ?

Thanks.
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Old 7th May 2012, 06:08 PM   #5
Antonix is offline Antonix  Italy
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Tekko View Post
Your amp is toast, or the current gain(hFE) of the new transistors is so different, the bias circuit is too narrow to allow a big enough change to bias one channel.

The constant on dist indicator suggests this circuit is broken, or the amp is oscillating wildly, producing square waves, an o-scope is needed.

Without the schematic, theres not much you can do.
In fact the ampli have some oscillations.
I have made some measurements with an oscilloscope.
I have disconnected R126, R129, C106 and I have shorted the input.
The oscilloscope test lead is settend on 1:10.

TEST 07 05 2012 ENG.png
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Old 6th July 2012, 04:07 PM   #6
Antonix is offline Antonix  Italy
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I have solved all the problems of this amplifier and I have made some improvements.
The oscillation was made by fault resistors R951, R901 in the output RC series filter.

If you you can view all my upgrades please visit my site:
Adcom GFA-555 MKII

Thanks for all.
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Old 12th July 2012, 09:25 AM   #7
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Thank you Antonix,
I have an old 555MkII sitting around and might well give it a try!

I powered it on a couple of evenings ago (no load) and checked a few mV DC output, so I bet it's safe enough to connect to my speakers.

You did a lot of improvements. I'll study them. Thank you,

Stefano
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Old 12th July 2012, 10:06 AM   #8
Antonix is offline Antonix  Italy
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Hi Stefano,

I think that is probably only a bias setting problem.
First of all you have to check the bias settings as specified below:

1) Disconnect all input signal cables and output speaker cables.
2) Power on the amplifier and wait 20 minutes.
3) Connect a millivoltmeter across TP 201 and TP 301.
4) Adjust bias trimmer R119 to obtain a + o - 10mV on the millivoltmeter.
5) Repeat this procedures for the other channel.

Please look at the distortion leds, these must remain off.
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Old 12th July 2012, 10:12 AM   #9
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Great Antonio (Did I guess right?),
thank you. Hope to check it during this weekend!

Stefano
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Old 15th July 2012, 08:34 PM   #10
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Ok,
now I have -10.1/-10.2 on one channel and -9.8/-9.9 on the other (I see why you replaced the trimmers ).
Do you think I can safely wire the amp to my speakers?
Thanks for help

Stefano
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