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Old 17th February 2011, 01:02 PM   #1
niko084 is offline niko084  United States
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Default NFB and load characteristics

Quote:
Originally Posted by Reeler View Post
Can I ask you, do you have any suggestions regarding the max distance for speaker cables. I use only shielded QED Silver Spiral cable.
Speaker Wire

I wouldn't ever use a lamp cord for other reasons like aesthetics but I generally just buy the appropriate gauge generally I run larger than needed by one size and use a wire with a nice insulator and good ends.

If your ends or wires are silver I guess they conduct electricity better than copper but at what cost...


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Old 17th February 2011, 01:14 PM   #2
Reeler is offline Reeler  Spain
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Originally Posted by niko084 View Post
Speaker Wire

I wouldn't ever use a lamp cord for other reasons like aesthetics but I generally just buy the appropriate gauge generally I run larger than needed by one size and use a wire with a nice insulator and good ends.

If your ends or wires are silver I guess they conduct electricity better than copper but at what cost...
Niko, I appreciate your input. If you are promoting your own cables then please let me ask you the same question...what distance - maximum - for speaker cables from amp?

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Old 17th February 2011, 01:20 PM   #3
niko084 is offline niko084  United States
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It depends on the gauge, in that article they state over 50FT seems to have an effect on 10khz-20khz range, all my runs are under 25FT.

For cables, I pretty much just buy a half decent roll of cable 12awg-16awg generally, throw on some banana clips and call it a day. Inspect them every few months or so to make sure connections are still solid and they are not getting much moisture or oxidation damage etc. Generally that means I end up replacing them every few years as well, between moving, pets etc they get chewed up, the ends get beat up even if I don't notice a difference in sound I like to keep it clean.

You should actually take a bit to read through it if you want some details.
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Old 17th February 2011, 01:35 PM   #4
Reeler is offline Reeler  Spain
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Niko, I spent many years choosing my cables, (at one time I was taken in by manufacturer's claims), ....In the end I chose to buy cables by the roll and make my own.

I am happy with my choice but I am ignorant of the science behind my choice.

I am pleased that the 'QED Silver Spiral' obliterates surrounding interferance but it's all down to the "distance" this can hold out on!

So...is 5 metres too much, perhaps 7 metres, or 3 metres...before I get interference?

Edit. PS: I solder my own so I can do the cables either by 'line' or 'XLR'.

Please, I don't want to appear cheeky, I really want to understand minimum/maximum speaker distances.
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Last edited by Reeler; 17th February 2011 at 01:40 PM.
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Old 17th February 2011, 03:23 PM   #5
AndrewT is offline AndrewT  Scotland
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For me, using predominantly monoblocks located at the speakers, I regularly advise and use speaker cables that are less then 1m long and often less than 600mm long.
The interconnects from the group of source equipment to the volume control can be upto 4m long.
The interconnects from the volume control to the Power Amps can be even longer.
If I get around to using the CAT5 strung around the house then these last interconnects will be approaching 50m to the most remote rooms from the comms cupboard. I really need a radio controlled remote operation pre-amp/selection box for that comms cupboard, until then I am "in room" only.
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Old 17th February 2011, 03:58 PM   #6
Reeler is offline Reeler  Spain
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Andrew, I find your advice in line with my own thoughts. Short speaker cables to amp and long interconnect (XLR) to amps. Thank you for your contribution.

It might be difficult with my project but is is achievable.

This leads me to amore difficult topic..............[perhaps for another title. PLUGS!!]
The advantage of having seperate plugs for separate amps?

PS....My maximum run of leads is 7m.
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Old 17th February 2011, 04:58 PM   #7
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Originally Posted by AndrewT View Post
For me, using predominantly monoblocks located at the speakers, I regularly advise and use speaker cables that are less then 1m long and often less than 600mm long.
The interconnects from the group of source equipment to the volume control can be upto 4m long.
The interconnects from the volume control to the Power Amps can be even longer.
If I get around to using the CAT5 strung around the house then these last interconnects will be approaching 50m to the most remote rooms from the comms cupboard. I really need a radio controlled remote operation pre-amp/selection box for that comms cupboard, until then I am "in room" only.
Andrew, Why the concern about longer speaker wires. 1 meter or less is a pretty conservative recommendation. I am assuing the usual caveats about adequate wire gauge etc. Could you briefly discuss this?
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Old 17th February 2011, 05:26 PM   #8
niko084 is offline niko084  United States
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Originally Posted by WithTarragon View Post
Andrew, Why the concern about longer speaker wires. 1 meter or less is a pretty conservative recommendation. I am assuing the usual caveats about adequate wire gauge etc. Could you briefly discuss this?
If I am following what Andrew is trying to relay is simply that he uses very short speaker wires, being monoblock amps can be places nearly next to the speaker they are powering. I mean realistically the shorter your speaker wire the better, not many can argue that, what you will notice maybe another thing.

I also maybe slightly misguided here but I have been under the assumption that speaker wires are inherently practically immune to noise due to the power levels of the signal flowing through them. Someone with some more knowledge chime in?
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Old 17th February 2011, 08:22 PM   #9
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Go Read what this chap says very sensible
Wires and Cables
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Old 18th February 2011, 09:35 AM   #10
AndrewT is offline AndrewT  Scotland
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Why the concern about longer speaker wires.
1.) every flow and return pair (cable) has L + C + R, the longer the cable the more of each.
2.) Every amplifier (or any source driving a flow and return pair) sees the L+C+R as part of the load that the amplifier has to drive. The more reactive components, in general, create more difficulties in setting up the amplifier to deliver a clean signal to the receiver.
3.) every speaker is driven by the source via the L+C+R of the cable. The speaker expects to see Rs=0r0 and the sound coming from the speaker can be "tuned" to suit a precise Rs (or complex impedance) as chosen by the speaker designer. When the Rs is different from what the speaker designer chose for his "tuned sound" then the speaker finds it impossible to reproduce the clean signal from the amplifier. The speaker reacts to the cable impedance.
4.) the shorter the speaker cable the less the cost.
5.) the shorter the speaker cable the smaller in cross sectional area it can be. A small increase in resistance is not an increase in reactive loading. 6m of 6sqmm of speaker cable has the same resistance as 600mm of 0.6sqmm of speaker cable. If the resistance of the 6m cable had a deleterious effect on the speaker sound then the 600mm cable can use a slightly higher cross sectional area to reduce the resistance of the short cable if needed. Not nearly so easy to increase the cross sectional area of the 6sqmm cable.

Long or short interconnects have a much smaller effect on the source and receiver that they connect. The Line Level source and the Line Level Receiver are much more tolerant of the L+C+R of the interconnect. In the extreme, terminated coax can transmit a near perfect 100MHz signal over a distance that simply decreases the signal available at the receiver. For audio and a decade or so either side, the simple 2core flow and return is sufficient if the Source and Receiver are designed to be tolerant of a bit of reactive cabling.

As a final note, this explanation does not support nor argue against speaker cables and interconnects having a "sound".
My own opinion is that cables do not have a sound. The L+C+R and thus the complex impedance of the cable affects what is connected to the ends of the cable. It is the amplifier that changes it's signal in response to the complex load impedance. It is the speaker that changes it's sound in response to the non zero Rs that is connected across the speaker terminals. High Damping Factor in an amplifier can never return Rs to zero, after passing through a reactive cable.
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Last edited by AndrewT; 18th February 2011 at 09:43 AM.
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