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Old 2nd May 2010, 10:31 PM   #11
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Quote:
Originally Posted by steevo View Post
Has anyone built a distortion meter and signal genrator to measure
amplifier distortion accuratley. I have been looking around the web for circuit designs and in electronics magazines and cant seem to find anything.
Have any of the popular magazines ever published a distortion measrement
instrument. Has anyone come across any.

Cheers
Steevo
Hi Steevo,

You can find the original construction article for my THD analyzer (published in Audio) on my web site at Cordell Audio: Home Page. However, as mentioned, it is a difficult build. A good distortion analyzer is quite complex. BTW, the oscillator portion of my THD analyzer is less difficult to build and provides very low distortion.

Alas, all of that was about 30 years ago (time flies), before PC's and soundcards. It is a lot easier to start out with a good sound card and some software. I use a Juli@ soundcard, although I still also use my original distortion analyzer.

Cheers,
Bob
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Old 3rd May 2010, 04:04 AM   #12
Pano is offline Pano  United States
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With a good card like the M-Audio you can do a lot. Some folks have even built custom front ends for the card.
Plus you get all the cool stuff like spectrum analysis which is much more valuable than THD.
These days, it's really the way to go.
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Old 3rd May 2010, 08:29 AM   #13
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If possible I would like to measure down to 0.01% distortion at 500 Hz, 1 kHz, 5 kHz, 10 kHz, 15 kHz and 20 kHz.
As the others said: that's easily done nowadays by a decent interface and some clever software. Analogue oscillator/analyser is needed if you want to get well below -100 dB and/or above 50 kHz or so.

Samuel
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Old 3rd May 2010, 01:42 PM   #14
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Originally Posted by Samuel Groner View Post
As the others said: that's easily done nowadays by a decent interface and some clever software. Analogue oscillator/analyser is needed if you want to get well below -100 dB and/or above 50 kHz or so.

Samuel
This latter is a very good point. Doing a decent job of measuring 20 kHz THD requires measurement BW out to 200 kHz. Few soundcards, do very well above about 50 kHz, even when sampling at 192 kHz.

Bob
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Old 3rd May 2010, 03:55 PM   #15
EUVL is offline EUVL  Europe
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A living example of Bob's design :

My implementation of the Cordell Distortion Analyser


Patrick
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Old 3rd May 2010, 05:03 PM   #16
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Hi guys,
I'm faced with a similar measurement need and I looked about for economical solutions. The professional PC cards packages are excellent, of course, and I wish I could afford one etc.
I thought of a more flexible approach, since I only infrequently need to use it, though it has a flaw; no software for harmonic analysis.
I have this start, though.
1) cheap local kit DSP sig. gen. kit with <.001% distortion.
2) Audio Dac (existing gear) but kit OK (optical links preferred)
3) 16-bit resolution PC scope (Picotech or Handyscope etc.)
4) Usual low inductance loads for things like power amplifiers.
Since I like to measure harmonic content up to, say the ninth, calculating this is real
tedious. I'm not disagreeing with Bob's assessments here, just suggesting that it will suffice for my DIY needs.
I have had the gear working, but it is tedious to read off harmonic peaks to calculate THD. It should be possible in software to do this rapidly from the FFT plot, you might expect. Anyway, I feel confident of measuremets down to .002% or better. I hope to verify this in the coming months.
So, what do you think of this under 500 UK new gear solution?
What hopes for upgrading PICO'S software? (I have asked)
Any (polite) suggestions? Does it help or suggest something better for your own needs?
regards I
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Last edited by Ian Finch; 3rd May 2010 at 05:18 PM. Reason: OOps , sorry Bob
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Old 3rd May 2010, 05:46 PM   #17
pdp11 is offline pdp11  Italy
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I had buided two oscillator circuit,
one based on a wien bridge circuit (inspired by a linear application note or the lm1007 datasheet, i don't remember) stabilazied with 4 small lamps. I can control the frequncy with a uC by a doble digital potentiometer and the selection of the capacitor.
I use this generator as source
the other is a vco inspired by a national semiconductor application note and use this as a frequency source for an AM demodulator of the signal.
The voltage control is generate by a dac connected to the uC.
The uC can adjust in real time both the frequency generators comparing signals with their cristal.
I'm not satisfied at all for the solution, the first generator works well, but the the vco/am block doesn't a clean work because measure more distortion than the reality.
I wish to replace both demodulator and vco, but now i have enough time to follow this project.
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