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22nd November 2009, 10:01 PM  #1 
diyAudio Member
Join Date: Jul 2005
Location: Sussex

Analogue circuit analysis
Hi,
I would really appreciate it if someone could help me solve this problem. The circuit is for a single stage amplifier with an active load. I am having immense headaches trying to calculate the quiescent drain current in the NFET, I make the Pchannel device current equal to 0.274uA. How can i assume what region the lower mosfet is in to apply the correct drain current equation? I must be overlooking somthing? 
22nd November 2009, 10:55 PM  #2 
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Join Date: Jul 2003
Location: Europe

Graig405, the quickest way to get a grip on this type of problem is to use spice
LTSpice tutorial Hope this helps. 
23rd November 2009, 09:31 AM  #3 
diyAudio Member
Join Date: Jul 2005
Location: Sussex

Thanks Bonsai, actually I have been asked to compare the theoretical performance to that of HSPICE, which I believe is similar to LTSPICE.
Any ideas on applying theory to this? what confuses me is the feedback network of resistors, this makes it more difficult to analyse. Would I be correct in saying that the feedback factor can be considered from the ratio of these when putting togeather a transfer function? 
23rd November 2009, 01:13 PM  #4 
diyAudio Member
Join Date: Sep 2005

Craig405,
I believe you could do it by iteration: 1) assume that there is NO current flowing through the R1R2 branch (all of the 274nA are flowing through the NMOS) 2) calculate the Vgs of the NMOS at this current 3) The Vgs of the NMOS is the same as the voltage across R2  so calculate the current through R2 4) Subtract this R2 current from the original 274nA 5) RECALCULATE the Vgs of the NMOS (it will now be different because not all of the 274nA is going through the drain) 6) repeat steps 3 through 5 until your answer doesn't change very much (it should only take about 4 to 5 iterations to get a very close approximation) Having said all of these steps, I would agree with Bonsai  Spice will be much faster. 
26th November 2009, 11:58 PM  #5 
diyAudio Member
Join Date: Jul 2005
Location: Sussex

Thanks a lot rtarbell, i will be simulating in spice once ive made some calculations, the iteration looks like a good option for the hand calcs.
I just need to compare numbers to spice, hopefully a one off excersise 
27th November 2009, 07:12 AM  #6 
diyAudio Member
Join Date: Sep 2005

Some equations of the circuit:
(1) I(r1) = I(r2) = 274nA  Id(nmos) (2) Id(nmos) = (K/2)*(W/L) * (Vgs  Vt)^2 (3) Vgs = R2 * I(r2) Plugging in equation (1) into (3): (4) Vgs = R2 * (274nA  Id(nmos)) Now, plug in (4) into (2), and solve for Id(nmos), as it appears on both sides of the equation. (You will probably get two answers due to the quadtratic equation, but only one of those two answers will make sense, as Vgs must be greater than Vt for the NMOS to conduct any current). 
28th November 2009, 12:30 PM  #7 
diyAudio Member
Join Date: Jul 2005
Location: Sussex

Thanks, youve been a great help!
Im about to tackle this today after I have finished coffee and laundry hehe Ill post the analysis here once ive got it (hopefully) right in case others are interested. 
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