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Old 19th April 2008, 12:35 PM   #1
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Default Yamaha M-4

I just got myself a yamaha M-4 amp which works fine. I know this is a "Close" equal to the Japanese issued B-4 in certain way but I know not all. In the B-4 there was a button you could press and the amp would run in Class A 30 watts. No such button exists for the M-4 but I would like to permanantly put the amp to use in class A.

I was wondering if anyone had any suggestions.

Thanks in advance
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Old 19th April 2008, 06:53 PM   #2
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To run the amp in class A at reduced output Yamaha switches the power supply voltage in half in addition to upping the bias.

This would involve buying a new power transformer since yours wouldn't have the correct windings.

Other that that, it's a good idea.
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Old 20th April 2008, 01:48 AM   #3
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So instead of 65v your saying 32v?
Instead of 15mv bias your saying 30 or 45 mv?

The B4 has 4 caps and 2 PT's where the M4 has 2 caps and one PT.

The amp runs as cold as ice now so I feel I could use the existing PT and just voltage divide down to 30 to 35 volts or better yet build a regulated supply which will dump off the extra voltage and then crank up the bias to be somewhere between 30mv and 45mv.

Let me know if you think I am on the right track here.

Thanks so much!!
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Old 20th April 2008, 02:39 AM   #4
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The B-4 also had Output Impedance control,
Click the image to open in full size.
there are some good pics of the PCB on that site too.

This thread has a little info on how its implemented, "mrfeedback" who started that thread might be able to help you some more?

I have a pdf of the service manual for theM-4 if you need a copy.

Regards
James
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Old 20th April 2008, 02:44 AM   #5
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thank you so much. If you could post the manual that would be great!!
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Old 20th April 2008, 07:35 AM   #6
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[quote]I have a pdf of the service manual for the M-4 if you need a copy.[/qoute]
If you email me a copy of the manual, I can post it on my website
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Old 20th April 2008, 05:00 PM   #7
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Thanks to tvi the Service Manual can now be downloaded from my website: www.audio-circuit.dk
Just click on "Schematics" in the left menu and scroll down to Yamaha
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Old 20th April 2008, 06:41 PM   #8
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"So instead of 65v your saying 32v?"

Yes.

"Instead of 15mv bias your saying 30 or 45 mv?"

30W in class A takes 1.4A bias, or 330mV across each 0R47 emitter resistor. If you reduce the supply voltage to 27V each channels's heatsink will dissipate about 75W.

"The amp runs as cold as ice now so I feel I could use the existing PT and just voltage divide down to 30 to 35 volts or better yet build a regulated supply which will dump off the extra voltage and then crank up the bias to be somewhere between 30mv and 45mv."

45mV would be about 190mA of bias per channel, about 23W of heat per channel. This will allow about 600mW in class A.

You will need a 20-0-20 300VA (or larger) transformer to provide the 27V DC. I might even go for an 18-0-18 if I could find one, 75W of heat is a lot. The heatsink looks like about 0.5C/W, so it would run about 60C in a 23C room.

If you just cranked the bias until the heatsinks would be about 60C the amp would put out about 6.5W in class A. This would require about 130mV of bias. I would try this and see if I liked the sound, and could live with that much heat.

I sold these amps when they were new. The CA2010 was the same power in class AB, and had the switch for class A. I can't say that I could hear the difference.

Nelson Pass had a letter published in the Audio Amateur about class A in which he stated that one of the biggest benefits was the pseudo-regulation of the supply that comes with running class A. The M4 already has a fully regulated supply for the front end.

My experience with the Electrocompaniet amplifiers (which were biased in class A to about 2W and had fully regulated supplies for the front end) was that this seemed like a good way to go. The EC point of view was that the peak-to-average-ratio in music was such that the amplifier only need to biased in class A to about 13dB down from full power. This would be about 6.5W for the M4.

I would think long and hard before doing anything more than cranking up the bias a bit.
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Old 20th April 2008, 07:02 PM   #9
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the Zo control is of interest to me, though i wouldn't want to venture into -Zo territory. looks like current feedback. ElectroVoice used a similar scheme on a tube amp.
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Old 20th April 2008, 07:12 PM   #10
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"looks like current feedback"

It is, they had a whole line of speakers that used this ActiveServoTechnology (AST).

Many of their amplifiers had the (switchable) capacity to run these.

In the end they went to dedicated amplifiers built into the subs.

The Crown Delta Omega 2000 also had a Zo control, if you turned it too far it would make violent thumping noises. It didn't stay in their line-up for too long.
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