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Old 9th August 2006, 01:23 PM   #1
Puggie is offline Puggie  United Kingdom
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Default winding multiple secondaries on a toroid???

I need to wind my own toroid for a SMPS I need to go from 12v to 18V and 25V.

the 3 secondaries (18V and 25V) do I need to wind these each all the way around the toroid or can I wind the primary and 3 secondaries over a 1/4 of the toroid each. I'm guessing I can't but had to ask.

EDIT: how many turns would be required for the primary, roughly, are we talking 5, 10, 20 or more?


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Old 9th August 2006, 01:25 PM   #2
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For best performance the windings should be evenly spread over the whole core. I would do the 18v one first, then bifilar the two 25v ones.
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Old 9th August 2006, 04:11 PM   #3
Puggie is offline Puggie  United Kingdom
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thanks, thought that might be the case.
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Old 9th August 2006, 05:58 PM   #4
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as far as the number of primary turns, this would be dependent on the frequency through the transformer. For the supplies I have done, I use the following equation:

N = [Vin (min) x e^8]/[K x Fs x Ae x Bmax)], for

N = number of turns
Vin(min) = 11V
K = 4.0 (Sq wave), K = 4.44 (sine wave)
Ae = Effective cross-sectional area of the toroid
Bmax = Max flux density in Gauss (@ switching frequency)

So, at 50kHz (100kHz oscillator), using a #77 material ferrite toroid (FT-140-77), my primary is 4.26T + 4.26T, at 11V minimum input, rounded down to 4T + 4T for the primary. Figuring out the secondaries number of turns ratios is the same as for linear supplies. This equation is good for center-tap push-pull, half-bridge and full-bridge topologies, because their cores swing in opposite (and hopefully equal) directions of the B-H graph, and have better core utilization than uni-polar topologies (single-ended forward and flyback).
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