diyAudio (
-   Power Supplies (
-   -   TL431: Can it regulate 300V DC? (

Danko 27th August 2005 06:47 PM

TL431: Can it regulate 300V DC?

How much voltage can I regulate with TL431? Can I make 300V (or even higher!) with this IC? You know, the TL431+optocoupler style feedback.

It come to my mind, "what if I make a tube amplifier with switched mode powersupply for the plate-supply?" :-)

You may think, that I'm a "little bit" pervert .....:-D

Eva 27th August 2005 07:56 PM

TL431 is rated at 37V so using it with higher voltages requires additional components in order to ensure that this value is not exceeded.

For example, you may use an auxiliary 12V winding to power the optocoupler and a clamping diode to protect the adjust terminal. A high voltage cascode transistor like MPSA44 would also be a solution.

Note that in order to get the 2.5V reference from 300V, a precision resistor in the lower leg of the voltage divider is required.

Anyway, I think that for such high voltages the discrete approach is preferable.

Danko 27th August 2005 08:05 PM

Eva, what do you mean under "discrete aproach"? A reference-voltage on the secondary-side, and a voltage divider, wich divides the output voltage, a comparator, and an outocoupler?

Danko 27th August 2005 09:01 PM

It looks useful, for me! :-)
The picture is from

Thanks, Eva!

Eva 28th August 2005 01:07 PM

I would use somethinkg like that:

triode_al 28th August 2005 01:32 PM

2 Attachment(s)
I tried the solid state one with IRF HV fets but I found the thing very sensitive to oscilation.
And the quality of the feedback resistors is also very crucial. With some there is ringing, others not.

I settled with a tube based diagram. The zeners are there for the overload protection of the 431.
As long as this is running before the PS comes up then the startup is very smooth. I use an indirect heated diode and an input inductance. (Otherwise it will want to sustain the HV due to the feedback capacitor.
It works very fine.

The HV can be set with just so much current that the HV net residue completely disappers.
I don't use a smothing capacitor over the whole unit.

This comes after a output resistor. Something like 10 mF should do.

Danko 3rd September 2005 01:41 PM

What about this? ->

The TL431 has to regulate onyl 50V. If i'm correct :)

jackinnj 23rd September 2005 02:18 PM

2 Attachment(s)

Originally posted by Eva
I would use somethinkg like that:

EVA -- the feedback/ref pin on the TL431 is the error opamp "V+in" -- see the Texas Instruments drawing.

You can use the TL431 for a HV supply -- consider it driving an inverting amplifier which drives a current source (i.e. a high voltage MOSFET amplifier). It's a bit more difficult to compensate since you don't have access to the error amplifier "V-in". This was the basis of an article i wrote on a microcontrolled high voltage power supply (with attribution to the folks who first brought it to mind -- Horowitz and Hill).

If you are going to the effort of building a HV regulated supply I would use a better opamp and better reference than the TL431, however.

Bas Horneman 23rd September 2005 02:49 PM

I have a MR psu by Raleigh Audio that uses the TL431 with a 6N1P. I think there is an example on

In the MR case it is a shuntreg after a CCS. Works like a charm.


Eva 23rd September 2005 03:57 PM


Originally posted by jackinnj

EVA -- the feedback/ref pin on the TL431 is the error opamp "V+in" -- see the Texas Instruments drawing.

The op-amp in that TI drawing is driving a NPN output transistor that reverses the polarity of the input signal, so actually the input pins work as if they were reversed. Note that my simplified schematic doesn't include that output transistor, so it still reflects the actual polarity with which TL431 responds.

All times are GMT. The time now is 04:33 PM.

Search Engine Optimisation provided by DragonByte SEO (Pro) - vBulletin Mods & Addons Copyright © 2018 DragonByte Technologies Ltd.
Resources saved on this page: MySQL 18.75%
vBulletin Optimisation provided by vB Optimise (Pro) - vBulletin Mods & Addons Copyright © 2018 DragonByte Technologies Ltd.
Copyright ©1999-2018 diyAudio