Need a little help with my first regulated PSU
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 29th April 2005, 04:21 AM #1 diyAudio Member   Join Date: Feb 2005 Location: BC, Canada Need a little help with my first regulated PSU Hey guys! I'm fairly new to diy projects and I'm trying to put together a regulated power supply for my Sonic Impact T-Amp. The amplifier requires a voltage between 12V and 13.8V and requires at least 1.5A. I'm thinking of using 13V even with a current rating of 2-3A to be on the safe side. I've spent a few hours searching for different regulator schematics, and now I'm comming to the pros (yeah, that's you!) for a little advice. I plan on putting the power supply in the same case as the Sonic Impact amp for simplicity. I would like this power supply to be fairly cheap, under \$30 if possible, and have simple schematics with as few components as possible. I don't know how to do PCB etching, so this will all be point-to-point wiring. Any suggestions are welcome! Also, where is a good place to buy components for these sorts of projects? I don't mind ordering online. Thanks in advance! Jared
 29th April 2005, 02:22 PM #2 diyAudio Member   Join Date: Jul 2004 Location: Scottish Borders Hi, a single To3 power regulator will do the job. A few resistors and caps to smooth things out. Price well under \$30us. or hang a power transistor on a 1.5a regulator. See datasheets for circuits.
 29th April 2005, 09:16 PM #3 diyAudio Member   Join Date: Apr 2005 Location: Tallinn To raise a voltage above the normal regulated, this simple circuit can be used: V(out) - desired output voltage; V(reg) - normal regulated voltage (eg. 7812 = 12). R1 value (in Ohms) is calculated using the formula V(reg)/0.025. R2 value is calculated using the formula [V(out)-V(reg)]/0.025. If you want 13 volts, then the R1 value should be somewhere near 520 Ohms and the R2 value - near 39 Ohms. But the schematic was taken from an old ELFA factsheet, so I'd at least add a diode between the "in" and "out" terminals of the regulator, so that it would be spike-protected in case of a short-circuit. You should also mount the regulator on a heatsink, as the maximum dissipated power without any heatsink is not more than 2.5-3 Watts (for a TO-3 package). __________________ I'll improve, trust me...
 30th April 2005, 12:53 AM #4 diyAudio Member   Join Date: Apr 2004 Location: Northern California Details, details Depends on where you get the 13V. If from a powerline AC transfomer an allowance of at least +/- 10% is a good idea. Thus 13V would be only 11.8V for low line and 14.3V at high line. So you would loose your 12 V regulation at low line probably resulting in a lot of hum on the outputs. Also many 3 terminal regulators need about 1V minimum to work this is called the drop-out voltage. Get a LDO (low drop out) version and/or read the data sheeet carefully. So say you add 2V to your plan to allow for these problems. Now at high line the power input to the regulator is 16.5V. If you stick to your 3 amp rating suddenly we are talking 14 watts of heat (16.5V-12V) X 3 amps. This isn't that much but if while you are testing, the line voltage happens to be low, far less heat will be generated and you may think you've perfected a design that later melts when the line voltage is high.
 30th April 2005, 01:01 AM #5 diyAudio Member   Join Date: Apr 2004 Location: Northern California OOPs I re-read your post you meant 13 V out. My comments are still valid just re-calculate for the input voltage you plan to use.
 30th April 2005, 01:19 AM #6 diyAudio Member     Join Date: Oct 2004 Location: Arizona badlands reg. bd. You may also want to consider Digi01's regulator board. my regulator pcb It is very well documented and I believe a few SI guys have adopted it for their project. Also it employs an adjustable trim pot for the output. Boards are still available, and best of all - CHEAP! Stan
 1st May 2005, 07:50 AM #7 diyAudio Member   Join Date: Feb 2005 Location: BC, Canada Thanks for all the replies guys! Sorry I couldn't reply sooner, I've been quite busy the past few days. hermanv, if I understand you correctly I'll need a higher voltage transformer than my needed output voltage (this is also the trend I noticed through my online searching). However, if I go with a transformer that has a significantly higher voltage (like, say, 20V), the regulator I build will have to throw off that extra heat. Am I good so far? sklimek, thanks for the suggestion, but I don't think my soldering skills are quite up to the point of soldering on PCB's. That and I need a new soldering iron. The one I have now (an old gun-type 140W Weller) works, but it takes forever to heat up between solders. I'll have to stick to point-to-point soldering for now. Dark Harroth, I'm slightly confused by your post. When you say "To raise a voltage above the normal regulated," do you mean to use a 12V regulator and modify it so that it regulates at 13V? Anyone have any recommendations for places to buy these components? Also, does anyone have any specific sugestions for particular components? I did a quick search for "T03 Regulator" but didn't find a whole lot, although it may help if I'm looking to the right stores or etailers. Again, thanks for helping me out with this project! Jared
 1st May 2005, 08:05 AM #8 Did it Himself diyAudio Member     Join Date: Nov 2003 Location: Gloucestershire, England, UK If your soldering iron or skills are not up to soldering on a board then chances are that doing it point to point you will have the same problems. You will porbably overheat your components and/or create poor quality joints. Just because something is completely covered in solder doesn't mean it's a good joint. __________________ www.readresearch.co.uk my website for UK diy audio people - designs, PCBs, kits and more
 1st May 2005, 05:02 PM #9 diyAudio Member   Join Date: Feb 2005 Location: BC, Canada I shouldn't have any problems with overheating components. I've done quite a bit of point to point soldering in the past, I just have to hold the gun away from the solder point while I hold down the trigger to heat the gun up. It would also be nice to have one with a finer point. I should be able to get by with what I have for now. The iron I have now is similar to this one, but I'd like to pick up a pencil style iron. Will something like this work fine for PCB soldering?
 1st May 2005, 05:18 PM #10 Did it Himself diyAudio Member     Join Date: Nov 2003 Location: Gloucestershire, England, UK That would work. I'd rather have something a little better myself, that's a bit cheap. Maybe \$20 would get you something better, 40W Antex perhaps. __________________ www.readresearch.co.uk my website for UK diy audio people - designs, PCBs, kits and more

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