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Old 29th February 2004, 12:44 PM   #21
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"Do we really need any component at all between
Vout and Adj if we have some kind of voltage reference connected
to Adj. It seems we don't."

Probably not.......... the voltage reference internal to regulator is bias
from the input. The only real concern is what happens to the circuit connected to this terminal during a fault condition like shorting the input to the regulator. There is also the possibility of connecting the ADJ to a nested feedback loop to improve the performance of the regulator.
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Old 29th February 2004, 01:37 PM   #22
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Quote:
Originally posted by Fred Dieckmann
The only real concern is what happens to the circuit connected to this terminal during a fault condition like shorting the input to the regulator.
That is a good point. A diode from Adj to Vin could protect the
regulator, but then the voltage reference lives a dangerous life
instead. On the other hand, what worries me more in general,
not only in this case, is what might happen to the powered circuit
itself if the regulators fail. An LM3x7 is after all a pretty cheap
component to replace if it fails.
Not all circuits powered by dual rails would be happy if one of
the rails fail. Maybe there are solutions
to this problem around, although I can't remember seeing any, or
maybe nobody think it is worth bothering about. I think I might have
a simple solution to this problem, though, but it could potentially
have some nasty behaviour, so at the current stage I am hesitant
to post it since it may look like a finished design, while it isn't.
Beisdes, it is somewhat off-topic for this thread I think. however,
if somebody is interested in brainstorming about the idea I might
post it to hear opinions about it.
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Old 1st March 2004, 08:27 AM   #23
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"However, the top of discussion is how to improve the 3 terminal regulator. Maybe by the time you get it improved, you won't need it."

There much better regulator circuits than three terminal devices but some desire them for their simplicity and the freedom from having to design a feedback voltage regulator Many people like to use them for preregulators as well. I think the origional intent was to explore very simple methods of improving thr performance of the three terminal regulator and not to have to design a whole new circuit. Do a search on the forum for "jung regulator" for much more serious design along the lines you are talking about.
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Old 10th March 2004, 05:22 PM   #24
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Default One way for improving the 3X7 regulator

It really is worth using a current in between Vout and ADJ since the variation of the 1.25 volt reference in the regulator IC is the main contributor to PSRR and output impedance degradation. I have a circuit that should work pretty well with easily available parts. The transistors can be any thing with a very high Hfe at a milliamp or two. C1 should be a film cap and you can get away with something like 1uF if you what. I believe the voltage out is about 15 volts for the resistor values shown. I also have another design with a current jfet and a diode thermally coupled to the regulator with copper tape. The thermally coupling and the likely hood that you don't have a jfet CCS in your parts box may make this an easier circuit. You could get rid of Q1 and Q2 and put a resistor across Vout to ADJ but the performance of the circuit is not as good as with the current source.
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Old 20th March 2004, 11:15 PM   #25
sobazz is offline sobazz  Denmark
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Fred, I stumbled across your post while looking for a compact - yet well performing - regulator. How does it compare performance wise to the ordinary LM3x7?

I have some question:

1. What would the regulator for the negative rail look like apart from using a LM337 instead of the LM317?
2. And how much capacitance can be used at the output of the regulator while maintaining stability?
3. How can I calculate the output voltage? Input will be around 25v.

I'm in the process of drawing my first PCB (yes, I'm a noob as you might have figured from reading the above questions, sorry). The space is tight so there's no room for the Jung superregulator. The regulator will power 3 or 5 OPA134 for an L-R 12db/okt or 24db/okt crossover.

I hope you can answer some of my noob questions. I'm not exactly an EE...
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Old 20th March 2004, 11:24 PM   #26
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Fred,

while this design is discussed, there is one thing I have wondered
since you first posted it. Q1 and Q2 looks like a multiplying current
mirror, but I don't quite get it if that is important and has some
advantage I don't get, or if Q2 could just as well be replaced by
a diode? Not that it matters much in practice if using cheap BJTs,
I am just trying to understand the design.
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Old 21st March 2004, 10:35 AM   #27
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Default Live and let diode

Yes Christor, it can be a diode. I have actually built the circuit with a 1K resistor from Vout to ADJ since the extra complexity and cost of the transistor current source really didn't add to the performance. Something that occurred to me drawing the schematic, is that the ADJ terminal of the LM317 is sitting on top of a simple shunt regulator to ground (biased by a constant current source action, as well as bootstrapped by the three terminal regulator), a pretty neat trick for one transistor and a few passives. I will make some noise and PSRR measurements this week since my wife felt sorry for me* and let me buy a 24 bit sound card ( which can measure in the microvolt region without any external amp on the input to the sound card). I have another IC regulator circuit with an external voltage reference which is suprisingly simple for its performance. The design looks sort of interesting and should be a very substantial improvement over LM317/LT1086 type regulators (even with the shunt transistor circuit added to them). The LM317/transistor circuit appears very stable ( the voltage moves less than +/- 0.1% after the regulator warms up) and seems to survive output and input shorts without the addition of protection diodes. I have also built the jfet CCS version and with the addition of a diode thermally coupled to the regulator, it's output voltage is very stable as well.

I highly recommend the following for a very good overview on op amp based regulators:

http://tangentsoft.net/audio/opamp-linreg.html

http://home.comcast.net/~walt-jung/w...d_PN_Regs.pdf\

http://www.e-insite.net/ednmag/archi...97/01di_03.htm

And last, but certainly not least!, from our resident regulator guru Andrew (ALW):

http://www.alw.audio.dsl.pipex.com/jung_schematic.htm

* I had sinus surgery to remove a polyp about the size of a ping pong ball and straighten my septum about 35 degrees. For those of you who have always wanted to punch me in the nose........ rejoice, I feel like I have been punched! I really almost hated to sleep through it. The image guided surgical tools project a cursor, realtime, onto three views of my sinus anatomy taken from a CT scan of my head and generated by a Sun workstation onto a large monitor. Sort of like GPS for driving around in my nose. I felt like I was in a Sci-Fi movie. They let me see the operating room but knocked me just as I was about to ask 50 questions about how it worked. The worst part was getting the packing pulled out two days after surgery. It is a 35 mm long plug forced into each nostril to a depth of 40 mm and pulled out rather quickly with forceps with no anesthesia. I told the doctor that I now know what a wine bottle feels like when you pull the cork out. For anyone that wants before and after pictures....... send me Email.
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Old 21st March 2004, 11:12 AM   #28
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Quote:
* I had sinus surgery to remove a polyp about the size of a ping pong ball and straighten my septum about 35 degrees. For those of you who have always wanted to punch me in the nose........ rejoice, I feel like I have been punched! I really almost hated to sleep through it. The image guided surgical tools project a cursor, realtime, onto three views of my sinus anatomy taken from a CT scan of my head and generated by a Sun workstation onto a large monitor. Sort of like GPS for driving around in my nose. I felt like I was in a Sci-Fi movie. They let me see the operating room but knocked me just as I was about to ask 50 questions about how it worked. The worst part was getting the packing pulled out two days after surgery. It is a 35 mm long plug forced into each nostril to a depth of 40 mm and pulled out rather quickly with forceps with no anesthesia. I told the doctor that I now know what a wine bottle feels like when you pull the cork out. For anyone that wants before and after pictures....... send me Email.
I am happy for you that all went well. These are the less-desired-things-in-life that most of us need to go through while asking yourself the big Why ? question.

Best wishes,

Jean-Paul
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Old 21st March 2004, 08:34 PM   #29
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Default Re: Live and let diode

Quote:
Originally posted by Fred Dieckmann
Yes Christor, it can be a diode.
OK, yes it seemed so to me, but I wouldn't trust my judgement.
Since japanese transistors are mostly hard to find in Europe I
tend to always think of them as exotic and expensive devices,
so if you use one only as a diode, there has to be a reason,
I thought. However, I suppose those BJTs might be cheap
and common for you like a BC547 is here.

Quote:

* I had sinus surgery to remove a polyp about the size of a ping pong ball and straighten my septum about 35 degrees. For those of you who have always wanted to punch me in the nose........ rejoice, I feel like I have been punched!
Don't worry, I've never wanted to punch you. You have all my
sympathy. I did a nose surgery about 15 years ago so I know
what it's like.

Quote:

I really almost hated to sleep through it. The image guided surgical tools project a cursor, realtime, onto three views of my sinus anatomy taken from a CT scan of my head and generated by a Sun workstation onto a large monitor. Sort of like GPS for driving around in my nose. I felt like I was in a Sci-Fi movie. They let me see the operating room but knocked me just as I was about to ask 50 questions about how it worked.
Well, I was actually awake when they butchered my nose, but
they didn't have any such fancy entertainment then. The only
entertainment was listening to the sound of knives carving bones
inside my skull.


Quote:

The worst part was getting the packing pulled out two days after surgery. It is a 35 mm long plug forced into each nostril to a depth of 40 mm and pulled out rather quickly with forceps with no anesthesia.
Yes, I agree. The surgery itself wasn't much of a problem, but
the two days after, having my nostrils totally plugged with
cotton and dried blood, not being able to breathe through the
nose at all.
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Old 22nd March 2004, 01:30 PM   #30
sobazz is offline sobazz  Denmark
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What is the purpose of R7? SIMetrix seems to like the circuit better when R7 is removed.
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