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Old 1st March 2013, 01:32 PM   #1751
gootee is offline gootee  United States
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Quote:
Originally Posted by fas42 View Post
Long time since any chatter here ...

This is a nice little, tight summary of what can be done about the inductance of power supply traces, here is about as good a place to link to it as any: Power Tip 56: Estimate PWB interconnect inductance.

Frank
Thanks for that link, Frank.

There is another version of the trace-inductance equation at:

Analog Devices : Analog Dialogue : PCB Layout

I also stumbled across this list of links to articles (mostly Howard Johnson stuff), which you might find interesting and useful:

http://www.sigcon.com/Pubs/pubsAlpha.htm

Last edited by gootee; 1st March 2013 at 01:58 PM.
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Old 1st March 2013, 02:08 PM   #1752
gootee is offline gootee  United States
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Originally Posted by Kindhornman View Post
Andrew,
If the rest of the world would just capitulate and go to Imperial units all would be right with the world again! Just kidding, it is funny that anyone still is having troubles with metric units, we have been using them long enough for that to not be the case even if we are still using Imperial units also. There isn't really any excuse anymore, I can move back and forth without a problem and we have been doing it for long enough not to make silly unit mistakes.

On another note, I would still love to request that all the information that Gootee developed here integrated into a simple computer program would go a long way to solving many problems of implementing the solution that he developed. A fill in the blanks program that would be as simple as using a Thiel Small program for figuring out an enclosure problem or a simple network solution. A few fields such as power output, impedance and input voltage and a result of transformer size and capacitor requirements and move on to the rest of the circuit. I guess I can only wish that someone who is a computer programmer steps forward and writes the routine to do this and uses all of Gootee's hard work.

Steven

Actually, I am also a computer programmer, or was for at least fifteen years, mostly with the C Language (which was, literally, the language after the B Language). But there are a lot of variables and always multiple solutions. So making it simple-enough would probably be the biggest challenge.

P.S. Having had my electrical engineering education in the USA (Purdue U.) in the 1970s, I can say that we used metric units, almost exclusively.

Last edited by gootee; 1st March 2013 at 02:13 PM.
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Old 1st March 2013, 02:34 PM   #1753
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gootee,
Thank you for the response. I think that you obviously have a very good grasp of the materials that you spent so much time developing and I appreciate that you are not only versed in electronics but also programming. I always left the program development up to my brother who is a Linux geek, I use to watch him write in basic, but I never took any of that stuff up. I bought him a book about Linux long ago and he never stopped once he went down that road. I would assume these days it is C++ that is being used, but I remember a girlfriend doing Cobal, Assembly and all these other now obscure languages back in the day.

I watched your development from the beginning to the end of the thread and just hoped you could make it user friendly for a guy like me who is not so well versed in all this though I am trying to learn. Ask me to develop a speaker and I am all over that, I get the mechanical side rather than the electrical side. I read as much and as fast as I can assimilate it, but it is a long trek from taking electronics in high school and the basics I have picked up along the way and where you and many others are. Self and Cordell and Colloms are all in front of me all the time, just not easy to keep up with the guru's here and learn all that is going on. Thanks again for all your hard work and time you put in here.

Steven
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Old 1st March 2013, 02:56 PM   #1754
gootee is offline gootee  United States
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Steven,

Thanks for all of your kind words. I love Linux, too. I don't get a lot of time to program, these days. But I just might think about it the next time I design an audio power amp power supply. I think it would be good to try to somehow capture what has been learned, here, in a more practical and usable form.

Regards,

Tom
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Old 2nd March 2013, 04:07 AM   #1755
fas42 is offline fas42  Australia
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Quote:
Originally Posted by gootee View Post
There is another version of the trace-inductance equation at:

Analog Devices : Analog Dialogue : PCB Layout

I also stumbled across this list of links to articles (mostly Howard Johnson stuff), which you might find interesting and useful:

Publication Index by Title - Dr. Howard Johnson
Excellent lot of material, thanks for that, Tom ...

With regard to programming "The Knowledge", I still reckon the spreadsheet way is best, most people are comfortable with this mechanism, and it's always useful at every stage of its development

Frank
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Old 2nd March 2013, 12:36 PM   #1756
rsavas is offline rsavas  Canada
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I have been following this thread as well, thanks for the good information everyone

Cheers
Rick
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Old 4th March 2013, 04:27 AM   #1757
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Hi to everyone for such a great thread, specially to Gootee for the extended analysis throughout the 170+ pages.
I'm actually going through page 25 and there are some things I just can't fully get, mostly based on the dispariry of opinions.
Sounds a bit like an overkill of the whole matter.
There is some weir concept -to me- of PSU "speed", and based on this speed is the whole sonic performance of the PA.
If I'm not wrong there is no such speed regarding electricity -of course I know there is a measurable speed value but I guess is irrelevant to consider it at audio level frequencies.
Straight to the point I can't get why a rail capacitor will delay its charge and not deliver it to the output devices, let say "on time". That the case, it should cause a serious rail sag at a rate of the audio frequency going through the amplifier. If you attach an oscilloscope to the rail and can't find serious at frequency rail sag then the previous concept of speed is BS.
We should agree the PSU capacitors will deliver their charge only based on their ESR and the impedance of the lines connecting them to the output devices. This 2 factors might hamper delivery but not "speed" which will be close to speed of light.

The other thing that left me thinking is the concept that too much PSU capacitance will have adverse sonic effect on the PA.
If I get the point correctly the whole capacitance calculation is made so that its value is correct for the amplifier running at full power (about 2mF/A). So the capacitance in excess theory states that if you increase total capacity way above this figure you will be loosing sonic quality for a too stiff rail value.
If this theory is correct, then even sticking to the optimum capacitance value (2mF/A) for full power, as you turn down the volume pot, the amplifier will start to loose audio quality as the capacitor bank in the PSU will be larger and larger for the given volume setting requirement. So even with the PSU capacitor bank being optimum for full power, it will make the amplifier have a low volume setting poor performance.
Something sounds weir about this. Please let me know where I'm wrong. I'm no EE.

Pablo.-
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Old 4th March 2013, 06:01 AM   #1758
gootee is offline gootee  United States
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sex,

Thanks for your kind words.

Unfortunately, it's not quite as simple as 2 mF/A. Maybe for just the C-value calculations, you should skip ahead, to:

Power Supply Resevoir Size

but also read the link there, first.

Also, try the spreadsheet at post 1666.

Cheers,

Tom
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Old 4th March 2013, 10:51 AM   #1759
DF96 is offline DF96  England
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Quote:
Originally Posted by sextaafondo
There is some weir concept -to me- of PSU "speed", and based on this speed is the whole sonic performance of the PA.
If I'm not wrong there is no such speed regarding electricity -of course I know there is a measurable speed value but I guess is irrelevant to consider it at audio level frequencies.
When people talk about PSU (or amplifier) 'speed' you are generally safe to ignore them. When people talk about capacitor series resistance, PCB trace inductance etc. you should listen to them, epecially when they use numbers too.

Quote:
So the capacitance in excess theory states that if you increase total capacity way above this figure you will be loosing sonic quality for a too stiff rail value.
Too much capacitance wastes money and space, and may increase induction of charging pulses into nearby circuits or via poor grounding. There is no harm in having the rail voltage 'too stiff'; some people use stabilised supplies specifically to achieve this. However some slack may allow a conservatively rated amplifier to give more power on brief peaks.
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Old 5th March 2013, 12:08 AM   #1760
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Tom, thanks for your input. I'll study the posts and information you point me out to get the most of them.

DF96, thanks to you as well, my thoughts are in line with yours.
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