SMPS IR2153 vs ATX transformers - diyAudio
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Old 9th April 2011, 02:27 PM   #1
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Default SMPS IR2153 vs ATX transformers

Hi to all. I draw this schematic and PCB layout for SMPS with IR2153 and ATX transformers P4

I take apart many ATX trans. and all are the same, only different is wire ticknes and size of ferrite core. Number of turns are the same.
I want to use 12V rails (without GND- that is 14turns) from trnasformer to get +-50VDC or more, changing the freq of IR2153. I use two pairs of IR2153 and Mosfet drivers IRF740 for two ATX trans, two bridges on secondary side.

For +15V to power IR2153, I use IRF730 with 330K and ZD15V on gate and ZD15 with 100uF and 100nF on sors.

Output bridges are 4xMBR10100 ich.

This is the best assumption that I had.

What do you think about this?

(One think more, on schematic, on primary side +marks are mistakes)
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Old 9th April 2011, 04:02 PM   #2
kubeek is offline kubeek  Czech Republic
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If I an not mistaken, changing the freq shouldn´t affect the output voltage much, it still is a transformer with set ratio.
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Old 9th April 2011, 04:08 PM   #3
Cristi is offline Cristi  Europe
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You can use a single IR2153+MOS-FET's pair, even with 2 transformers. both primaries can be connected in parallel and secondaries in series with correct polarity to get +-50V or more. with a standard ATX smps transformer you can get about +-25V under heavy load and up to +-33V with no load. connect 2 of them in series to get almost double. use just 4 shotky diodes for rectification, and don't forget to add a ovecurrent protection scheme, otherwise all will blow up at short-circuit, or even at start-up due to the capacitors large inrush current.
further improvement which can be done, to increase the efficiency, if you could dismantle the transformer core and add a 0.3mm gap to decrease the magnetizing inductance to about 500-700uH and use a 0.22 uF series capacitor, then the transistors can work in zvs mode and they don't even need heatsink for up to 200-300W. the Rf resistor should be 10k only and Cf=1nf. you will have about 70Khz. the transformer will also run cooler due to lower flux and will get hot when the current draw will be high only, but for audio application, this is not a major concern, the peak-average ratio is high enough to not create significant temperature build-up.
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Old 9th April 2011, 06:02 PM   #4
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Thank you Cristi and Kubeek.

@ Cristi: With one Ir2153, one pair of mosfet and two transformers, on 70KHz, how many voltage and current can I get?

Can I get +-50 60VDC and 500-600W with two transformers?

I need this for UCD amlifier D class +-50V on 2 ohm load for 500W RMS. Can this work?

I want build this strong as possible because I have lot ATX power supplys and in my country I cant find ferrite cores for other smps and Serbia is on black list for Farrnel, Ebay, paypal and others...

Thank you!

Last edited by Dzony988; 9th April 2011 at 06:16 PM.
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Old 9th April 2011, 11:59 PM   #5
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Dzony988 View Post
Can I get +-50 60VDC and 500-600W with two transformers?
Sure, if you rewind them. Then you can get whatever you want. You can pull 400W from one EI33 (typical cheap power supply core) but that's a bit on the extreme. On the other hand they will be quite happy doing 300W each so your 600W goal will be met.

The problem is that there are lots of variations, different supplies use slightly different transformers depending on operating freq and current output. The best way is to take them apart and rewind them. I'm sure you can find copper wire. 0.3mm wire is the most versatile wire i've used so far. Thin enough for winding GDTs on those little EE-16 cores, and when you need more current just put several strands and twist them together. Homemade litz wire.

If you need any info on winding the transformers, how many turns and so on, just let me know.
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Old 10th April 2011, 12:58 AM   #6
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Can I simple increase swiching freq and use 5V winding without big gnd (thats 8 turns). 5V winding has 3x0.8mm wire, that means much more current than 12V winding where is 0.8mm single wire and 14 turns without big GND.

Original swich freq on atx smps is around 50KHz, if i increase to 90KHz, can I get +-50V on 5V winding and what about capacitor in serial with primary side to float? What is his function at all and value depending of swiching freq.

Thanks
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Old 10th April 2011, 01:38 AM   #7
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That "big gnd" is essential in a half bridge supply because it has full wave output - basically there's two identical secondaries that are rectified by two diodes into a single output. They are usually wound as a single winding with a center tap which is connected to ground. There's a little trick with the 12v output that allows it to not have that center tap.

If you increase switching frequency you get more losses in the wire. The output voltage remains the same because, since you haven't modified the transformer in any way, the primary to secondary turns ratio remains the same. The primary side capacitor is intended to block DC bias that could cause the transformer core to saturate and blow up the transistors. Remember, the windings' DC resistances are very low - the switching transistors see this as a high impedance only because of the inductance the core offers to that winding. When the core saturates, the inductance drops to zero and your transistors are essentially driving a short.

The capacitor depends more on maximum current than it does on frequency. Formula to calculate it is Ipk*Ton max/Vdroop, which gives C in uF. Where:

Ipk is peak current in primary of transformer
Ton max is maximum on time in uS - this is 1/frequency in kHz*max duty cycle*1000
Vdroop is allowed voltage droop thru the capacitor. This capacitor makes a waveform with "droop", it becomes no longer square but has a downward slope. The voltage drop of this slope should be no more than 10% of voltage at the primary caps, so it should be around 10-15v for a 230v mains powered supply.

You will see that this capacitor is undersized in most (if not all) computer PSUs, because it ain't cheap. Lower value of capacitor = higher voltage droop = higher primary current = more losses. You can simply use several in parallel to obtain a higher value. At 500W output a 4.7uF cap would be good. Needless to say, this MUST be a MKT/MKP type cap (you can try an electrolytic though, it'll be entertaining).
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Last edited by Th3 uN1Qu3; 10th April 2011 at 01:44 AM.
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Old 10th April 2011, 01:54 AM   #8
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Ok, 70KHz stay with 10K and 1nF. I will tomorow build this and test it..

What could happen if amplifier in peak takes much more current than smps can produce, whether all blow up or what?
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Old 10th April 2011, 11:12 AM   #9
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Dzony988 View Post
What could happen if amplifier in peak takes much more current than smps can produce, whether all blow up or what?
Well if you don't have any primary current limiting, the most likely failure is that of the primary transistors. Primary current is usually sensed thru the driver transformer if you're using bipolar transistors for power switches.

If the transistors aren't up to snuff they blow up. If the transformers aren't up to snuff, again, the transistors blow up.
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Old 10th April 2011, 11:59 AM   #10
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Thank you Th3 uN1Qu3.

One more question, how can i calculate disipation of mosfet drivers. whether there will be enough that little heatsink from PC smps without coler in amplifier case? And do you have idea for protection, curent sens on primary side?

Thank you
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